North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO1 2017

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 62 of 139

V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 7 ) • N U M B E R 1 61 T E N N E S S E E & K E N T U C K Y highest ever for the state. Other reports of great interest included counts of 64 on the Wildcat Creek embayment of Kentucky Lake, Calloway 30 Oct (HC, ME) with 23 there 1 Nov (HC, JP), 30 on the Sledd Creek embayment of Kentucky Lake, Marshall, KY 1 Nov (BPa, MMo), 55 at Kentucky Dam Vil- lage S.P., Marshall, KY 3 Nov (JBa), 170 at Barren River Lake 5 Nov (MBy, JBy, RS) with 206 there 6 Nov (MBy, JBy, RS), and 23 on the Jonathan Creek embayment of Kentucky Lake, Marshall, KY 6 Nov (BW, RFa, BPa). An adult Thayer's Gull was seen from Trail- er Road, Henry, TN 14 Nov (†RS, AT). Two Lesser Black-backed Gulls at Kentucky Dam 20 Aug were exceptionally early (HC, ME, JP). An adult in Lake, TN 5 Sep (VS) was the only one reported away from the Tennessee River, where small numbers are now regular throughout the late fall and winter. Quite ex- traordinary was an ad. Great Black-backed Gull at the Falls of the Ohio 6-7 Aug (ph. JBa, MWa, ph. PS, et al.). A few active Least Tern nests were found on the Mississippi River at Watson Point, Fulton, KY during the second week of Aug (CP), indicating that a few birds attempted to nest very late, after water levels finally dropped back from highs in Jul. Single in- dividuals at Duck River 6 Aug (RS) and Eagle Bend, Anderson, TN 20 Aug (RHo, DMy) were unusual away from the Missis- sippi River. Reports of one to 31 Black Terns came from six Kentucky and eight Tennes- see locales 3 Aug–19 Sep. One at Pace Point 30 Oct established a new late date for the state (†RS). Common Terns were found on four occasions in Kentucky: one at the Falls of the Ohio 13 Sep (BPa), with another just upstream in the Ohio River basin above the dam 26 Sep (JSo, BPa), one on Lake Cum- berland, Pulaski (†RD), and 5 at Barren River Lake (TD), both on the relatively late date of 28 Oct. Common Terns were more widely reported in Tennessee, with a peak count of 15 at Duck River 6 Aug (RS). Up to 158 For- ster's Terns (27 Sep & 10 Oct) were present on the Jonathan Creek embayment of Ken - tucky Lake, Marshall, KY (HC & HC, ME). A White-winged Dove was present at Bowling Green, KY "through the summer of 2015," photographed 7 Aug, and last seen 18 Sep (ph. TH). Single Black-billed Cuck- oos were reported from four Kentucky and four Tennessee locales 3 Aug–10 Oct. Sin- gle Short-eared Owls along Mercer Cem- etery Road, Muhlenberg, KY 9 Nov (TG, SG) and at Sinclair W.M.A., Muhlenberg, KY 23 Nov (P&SF) were the earliest to be report- ed. It was another below-average year for Northern Saw-whet Owls with only 8 new along Horseshoe Road, w. Henderson, KY 10 Sep (†BPa, JBa); unprecedented numbers for Kentucky arrived during late Oct, resulting in the following impressive peak counts that include new state fall high counts: 34 on the Blood River embayment of Kentucky Lake, Calloway 25 Oct (HC) with 28 there 29 Oct (HC) and 11 still there 22 Nov (HC); 41 were on the Jonathan Creek embayment of Kentucky Lake, Marshall 30 Oct (HC, ME) with 47 there 3 Nov (HC), a peak count of 56 there 6 Nov (BW, RFa, BPa), 54 there 8 Nov (HC), and 47 lingering there to 20 Nov (ME). Wilson's Phalaropes were found in Kentucky only along Horseshoe Road, w. Henderson, with one present 8-23 Sep (ph. CC et al.) and 2 there 12-15 Sep (ph. SG, TG, CC, JSo, et al.). Only four were reported from Tennessee at three locations 2-19 Aug. Unprecedented during fall was a molting adult Red Phalarope adjacent to Swan Lake, Ballard, KY 11 Aug (ph. HC, et al.). A Red- necked Phalarope was at Duck River 19 Aug (ph. RS, VS, AT). GULLS THROUGH FALCONS Two first cycle Black-legged Kittiwakes at Pickwick Dam, Hardin, TN 30 Nov (ph. RS, VS, AT) furnished the state's 18th re- cord; one lingered through 21 Dec. An adult Little Gull was along the Tennessee River, Hamilton, TN 27 Nov (DJ, m.ob.). One to 3 Laughing Gull individuals were reported from five Kentucky locales 2 Aug–6 Nov; the peak count of 3 came from Barren Riv- er Lake 28 Oct (TD). One to 2 individuals were reported from eight Tennessee loca- tions 11 Aug–20 Oct. Franklin's Gulls put on an exceptional showing from mid-Oct to early Nov, being found at more than a dozen Kentucky locations from 14 Oct–22 Nov; the peak count during this time was of 206 birds. Tennessee generated fewer reports, but among them was a count of 497 at Pace Point 23 Oct, which represents the fourth to 22 Sep (AM et al.). In Tennessee, the spe- cies was reported from six locations 5 Aug– 19 Sep, in groups of one to four individuals. A juv. Red Knot was at Ensley 2-18 Sep (ph. MLi et al.). Earlier in the season, a Ruff was at Ensley 8 Aug (ph. HM, RHa, et al.) but could not be relocated on subsequent days. Twenty Stilt Sandpipers were along Horse- shoe Road, w. Henderson, KY 8 Sep (CC) with an impressive tally of at least 94 from there on 10 Sep (BPa, JBa) and at least 50 still there 14 Sep (CC, BPa); also of interest were 29 on Kentucky Lake, Marshall, KY 11 Sep (HC, ME). It was an exceptionally poor season in Kentucky for Sanderlings with reports of one to 2 individuals from only five locales 6 Aug–4 Oct. Interestingly, Tennessee ex- perienced higher numbers than usual, with reports of one to 8 individuals on numerous dates from nine locations 2 Aug–4 Oct. An exceptionally early Dunlin was along Horse- shoe Road, w. Henderson, KY 10-17 Sep (ph. BPa, JBa, CC). Peak counts in Tennessee in- cluded 183 at Duck River 12 Nov (RS), 86 there 30 Oct (RS), and 58 there 1 Nov (RS). Baird's Sandpipers were reported from five Kentucky locales 16 Aug–12 Sep in ones and twos; this species was reported from eight Tennessee locations 5 Aug–14 Sep, in groups of one to four. An unprecedented fallout of White- rumped Sandpipers occurred in Kentucky during Oct with groups comprised of one to 22 individuals reported at six locales 3-22 Oct; new record Kentucky high counts for fall included 22 in s. Jefferson 9 Oct (ph. BPa) and 24 on the Wildcat Creek embay- ment of Kentucky Lake, Calloway 16 Oct (ph. HC, ME). In Tennessee, single indi - viduals were reported from Snow Bunting Peninsula, Old Hickory Lake, Nashville 10 Oct (PC, MSm, JA) and at Eagle Bend, An- derson 13 Oct (CE). Buff-breasted Sandpip- ers were reported from six Kentucky locales 4 Aug–13 Sep; peak counts included 8 in the Upper Hickman Bottoms, Fulton 4 Aug (HC, JP) and 7 at the Falls of the Ohio 31 Aug (JBa, BPa, et al.). In Tennessee, this spe- cies was recorded at ten locations locations 2 Aug–14 Sep, occurring singly and in groups of up to five birds. It was a relatively poor season for Western Sandpipers in Kentucky with reports of only one to 9 individuals at only five locales; the peak count occurred on Kentucky Lake, Calloway 12 Oct (HC) where 2 lingered to 11 Nov (HC). It was a poor season for Short-billed Dow- itchers in Kentucky with reports of only one to 2 birds at only four locales 5 Aug–25 Sep. An early ad. Long-billed Dowitcher was Unprecedented for the Tennessee & Kentucky Region was this molting adult Red Phalarope, photographed near Swan Lake, Ballard County, Kentucky, 11 August. Photo by © Hap Chambers.

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