North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO1 2017

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 57 of 139

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 56 W E S T E R N G R E AT L A K E S (J&CM), Kim McKinley (KMc), Doug Mc- Whirter (DMcW), Scott B. Meyer, Chris Neri (CNe), Jeff Newman, Clinton Nienhaus (CNi), Greg Norwood (GN), Phil Odum Alec Olivier, Beth Olson, Marie Ostrander, Jen Owen (JOw), John Parker, Andy Paulios (eBird Wisconsin), Tom Pavlik (TPv), Douglas L. Pierzina, Carolyn Pomarius (CPo), Matthew Porter (MPo), Tom Prestby (eBird Wisconsin), Caleb Putnam (CPu), Pam Rasmussen (PRa), John Reddig, John P. Richardson, Eric Ripma, Steve Santner (SSa), Joe Schaufenbuel (Wisconsin), Chace Scholten (CSc), Linda Scribner (LSc), Laura Segala (LSg), Colette Smith (CSm), Tabassam Shah (TSh), Steve Skramstad (SSk), Joseph M. Soehnel, Charles Sontag (CSo), Jonathan Stein (JSt), Andrew Sturgess, Peder H. Svingen, Su - zanne Swanson (SzS), Jack Swelstad (JSw), Scott Terry, Daryl Tessen, Andrew Theus, Wayne & Lynette Thonne (W<), Daniel Toronto (DTo), Tom A. Tustison, Christopher J. Vogel, Tim Walker (TiW), Josh Wallestad (JWd), Drew Weber, Garrett Wee (GWe), Jerry Weingold (JWe), Thomas R. Wheeker (TRW), Robert B. Williams, Thomas Wood, and Tom Ziebell. We offer sincere thanks to the hun - dreds of additional contributors who could not be cited here individually. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Peder H. Svingen, 2602 East 4th Street, Duluth, Minnesota 55812 • win, Karl J. Bardon, Dedrick Benz (DBz), Milt J. Blomberg, Robert Bochenek (RBo), Travis Bonovsky (TBo), Mike Bourdon (MBo), Calvin Brennan (CaB), Rick Brigham (RBr), Conny M. Brunell, Paul E. Budde (Minnesota), Adam M. Byrne (eBird Michigan), Allen T. Chart - ier (Michigan), Philip C. Chu, Dave Cuthrell (DCu), Charles DeWitt (CDW), Herb H. Ding - mann, David C. Dister, Louis Dombroski, Ter- ry Dreves, Kim R. Eckert, Roger A. Eriksson (REr), Ron A. Erpelding (RAE), Bruce A. Fall (eBird Minnesota), Wayne A. Feder, Christa Feely, Deborah Fellows (DFe), Kaija Gahm (KGm), Steve Gasser, Callie Gesmundo (CGe), Ryan Glasford (RGl), Frank Gosiak (FGo), Ross Green (RGr), Skye Haas, Tim Hahn (THa), Lyle Hamilton Don Henise (DHe), Mi - chael Henry (MHy), Scott C. Hickman, Robert E. Holtz, Eric Howe, Kristin Howe, Joseph P. Hudick, Matt Hysell (MHy), Robert B. Jans - sen, Scott A Jennex, Rhoda Johnson (RhJ), Robbye J. Johnson, Jerry S. Jourdan, Brenda S. Keith, Doug W. Kieser, Kathleen Kirsch, Amy & Mike Kolodge (A&MK), Jan & Larry Kraemer (J&LK), Joseph Kurtz (JKu), Alex Lamoreaux (ALx), Tony Lau (TLa), James W. Lind, Bruce Little (BrL), Steve Lombardi (SLo), Andrew B. Longtin, John Lowry (JLo), Stuart Malcolm Carl Manning (CMa), Judi Manning (JMa), Dennis & Barbara Martin (D&BM), Nathan Martineau, Jim & Carol McGrath Golden-crowned Sparrow in Wayne 18 Oct+ (ph. †JSJ). An ad. Golden-crowned Sparrow in Duluth, MN in late Oct was presumably a returning individual, since it returned to the same feeder in the same yard and overwintered again (JN, ph. JPR, †J&LK). Even by Whitefish Pt. standards, the appear- ance of a female Hepatic Tanager 20 Oct (p.a., ph. CNe) was stunning. Most unusual of Michi - gan's 5 Summer Tanagers was a male in Clinton 26 Aug-1 Sep (CGe, ph. JOw). Minnesota and Wisconsin each had 3 Summer Tanagers in 3 counties. In Michigan, summer's pair of Blue Grosbeaks nested (ph. RGr) and fledged 3 young in Washtenaw on about 23 Aug. Rare in Michi - gan, Western Meadowlarks were documented in Marquette 30 Oct-1 Nov (ph. BO) and Tawas Pt. 15 Nov (†PO). A flock of 2000 Brewer's Black - birds counted by 100s in Wilkin 17 Oct (KRE et al.) provided a record high count for Minnesota. Two Gray-crowned Rosy-Finches strayed to ne. Minnesota, one in Lake 14 Nov (ph. TiW) and the other in Cook 22 Nov+ (ph. fide RBW). Wis - consin recorded another Eurasian Tree Spar- row in Milwaukee 16 Nov (†RGl). Cited observers (subregional editors in bold- face): Kirby Adams (KAd), Brian Allen, Zaila Anderson, Nick Anich (eBird Wisconsin), Dea D. Armstrong, Sandy Aubul (SAu), Tim Baer - wald (TBa), Mike Bailey (MBa), Benjamin Bald- Counts were low for some species that typically occur in large numbers. The peak for Canvasback in Iowa, assessed by aerial survey, remained under 100,000 for the sec- ond consecutive year. The average peak over the last 10 years is 230,000. The Hitchcock Hawk Watch recorded all-time seasonal lows for Red-tailed Hawk and American Kestrel, marking a seven-year period of decline. Coo- per's Hawk numbers were record-low and American Kestrel numbers were near record- low at Grammer Grove. Although most spe- cies arrived on time, warmer temperatures may have played a role in some species ar- riving late and others lingering until statis- tically late dates. In Iowa, Northern Water- thrush, Wilson's Warbler, Harris's Sparrow, and Lincoln's Sparrow were not found until a week beyond their 10-year median arrival dates. American Pipits were two weeks late, and Dunlins could not be coaxed into Iowa until a few days after the first hard freeze in mid October. Both Lapland Longspurs and Snow Buntings were very late, delay- ing their arrivals until the first half of No- the only month that was cooler than aver- age for both states. It was the sixth-warmest fall in Iowa since recordkeeping began. Sur- prisingly, the first seven days of September marked the warmest week of the year for the state. In Missouri, September was the warm- est in a decade and the driest since 2004, while October was the warmest in five years and the driest since 2011. In Iowa, the first half of October was dry and warm and the second half cool, with the first hard freeze 16 October. A few days later temperatures rose and rain fell over much of the state. No- vember was warm and turbulent, bringing heavy rains to both states, with precipitation 5" above average in Missouri. A major snow- storm 20 November blanketed Iowa with up to 16" of snow. It was the most snow to fall this early in the season since 1957. Tempera- tures dropped briefly below zero at Waterloo and Stanley, Iowa, but the bitter cold was an anomaly. Temperatures rose closer to freez- ing later in the month, while the snows per- sisted. Drought conditions were quenched in both states by the end of the season. Joseph W. Eades –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T he weather in both states was warmer and wetter than average. The general- ly mild conditions extended summer well into the first half of October. August was Iowa & Missouri

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