North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO1 2017

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 54 of 139

V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 7 ) • N U M B E R 1 53 I L L I N O I S & I N D I A N A W. Wilkins, David E. Willard, Geoffrey A. Wil- liamson, Phillip W. Willink, Matthew J. Winks, Debbie Wisser, Philip Wixom, Susan Zelek, D. Zickuhr. Many others submitted observations but could not be personally acknowledged; all have our thanks for their contributions. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– James D. Hengeveld, 6354 Southshore Drive, Unionville, Indiana 47468 • Keith A. McMullen, 1405 DeSoto , O'Fallon, Illinois 62269 • Geoffrey A. Williamson, 4046 North Clark Street, Unit K , Chicago, Illinois 60613 • Eric Ripma, Aidan Rominger, Jeremy Ross, Pat- rick Ruhl (PRu), Dave Russell, Ryan J. Sand- erson, Brett Schindewolf (BSf), Adam W. Sell, Robert E. Shelby, Andrew P. Sigler, John Skene, Al Smith, Cortney Solum, Evan Speck, Sandra Spence, Bill Stanley, Tori Steely, Andrew Stein - mann (ASn), Lee W. Sterrenburg, Frank Stetler, Andrew O. Stewart, Alan F. Stokie, Douglas F. Stotz, Del Striegel, Janice Sweet (JSt), Paul W. Sweet, Susan Szeszol (SSz), Craig A. Taylor, Aerin Tedesco, Jeff Timmons, Jim Tudor (JTr), Kevin Veara, Jude Vickery, Levi Vickery, Eric W. Walters, Richard Wiesler, Kyle Wiktor, Vern Lindsay (WLy), Julie Long, John C. Longhenry, Karen M. Lund, Walt Lutz, Kenneth Magar, Travis A. Mahan, Nathan Martineau, Annette McClellan, Jeffrey J. McCoy, Keith A. McMul - len, John Meredig (JMg), Eric Michael, Marion Miller, Rod Mitchell, Jim Mordacq (JMq), Vince Moxon, John Mueller, Don D. Mullison, Luis G. Muñoz, Jacki Musser (JMr), Greg E. Neise, Landon Neumann, Joan I. Norek, Linda Os - terhage, Glenn Perricone, Sam Plew, Ed Pow- ers, Jacki Pienta, Rodger P. Rang, Christine & Taylor Ransdell, Rebecca Richardson, Kevin B. Richmond, Patrick Ricketson, Jeffery K. Riegel, This juvenile Purple Gallinule was picked up and turned into Wild- woods Wildlife Rehabilitation in Duluth, Minnesota, 23 October 2015. Though underweight, there was no evidence of serious injury, so it was stabilized and flown to Florida for release. This was the fourth Minne- sota record and the second for St. Louis County, following a bird found dead in Toivala, 11 November 1963. Photo by © Laura M. Erickson. Western Great Lakes mon Loons, up from 1,908 last fall, and 13,810 Red-necked Grebes with a high count of 2,476 on 3 Sep (ER). In Wisconsin, summer's West - ern Grebe lingered in Dane until 16 Aug (KMc) and another was found in Sheboygan 24 Nov (†TW). Western Grebes were present in Min - nesota at Koochiching 29 Sep (DFe) and Cook 2 Nov (ABL)—two unusual locations for this species. CORMORANTS THROUGH SHOREBIRDS Michigan's second Neotropic Cormorant vis- ited Port Huron, St. Clair 17 Oct (ph. RBo, †DDA). Snowy Egrets continued from summer at Pte. Mouillee with a high of 15 on 30 Aug (JP). Also in Michigan juv. Little Blue Heron was found at Horicon 3 Aug (†DT) and Min - nesota had one in Mille Lacs 14 Aug (†RBJ). Another bird continuing from summer, the Tricolored Heron at Pte. Mouillee stayed un - til 5 Sep (AMB). In Wisconsin, a Tricolored Ridge/Lester River Census, Duluth, MN); Horicon (Horicon N.W.R., Dodge/Fond du Lac, WI); L.P. (Lower Peninsula, MI); Park Pt. (Park Point, Duluth, MN); Pte. Mouillee (Pointe Mouillee State Game Area, Monroe, MI); Shia - wassee (Shiawassee N.W.R., Saginaw, MI); U.P. (Upper Peninsula, MI); Whitefish Pt. (White - fish Point B.O., Chippewa, MI); Wisconsin Pt. (Wisconsin Point, Douglas, WI). DUCKS THROUGH GREBES Michigan reported 6 Harlequin Ducks, all singles, including an imm. male on an inland stream behind a convenience store in Jackson 21 Nov+ (RGr). Three in Minnesota and 4 in Wisconsin were in expected locations along the Great Lakes, including 2 early-season juveniles in Milwaukee 20 Aug (ph. JR). Scoter totals at Whitefish Pt. consisted of 512 Surf, 1953 White-winged, and 178 Black (ER); except for in the case of White-winged Scoter, these totals were down from last year, as was the total of 15,102 Long-tailed Ducks (ER et al.). A total of 357 Red-throated Loons at Whitefish Pt. was down from last year, but included a larger high count of 117 birds on 23 Sep (ER et al.). A total of 7 at Duluth in Oct was a higher count than usual for Minnesota in fall. Pacific Loon showed well in Minnesota with a flyby at Hawk Ridge 14 Oct (KGm, ALx), 2 in Lake 15-17 Oct (CNi, J&LK, HHD), and multiple reports from Park Pt. 24 Oct- 25 Nov, including a record high count of 5 on 10 Nov (J&LK). One of the Du - luth birds wandered to Superior 2 Nov (†J&LK) for the only Wisconsin report, while Michigan had one at Whitefish Pt. 6 Oct (†ER, †PO), two at Au Sable Point, Alger 8 Oct (†LD), and an Arctic/Pa - cific Loon at Whitefish Pt. 10 Oct (†ER, †LH). Whitefish Pt. tallied 2,443 Com - Peder H. Svingen –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T emperatures were generally above average in the Region with variable precipitation. Several strong weather systems in Novem - ber ushered in winter with high winds and sig- nificant snowfall. Snowy Owls arrived in good numbers for the 3rd consecutive year, but many were in poor condition. While raptor migration was relatively uneventful at monitored sites, the Hawk Ridge/Lester River Census tallied more than a half-million non-raptors this season. Southwestern vagrants reached all 3 states though it was difficult to correlate their discovery dates with specific weather systems. Drought and fire across the West and Southwest and the ef - fects of El Niño probably all contributed to some degree. In support of this observation, Com - mon Ground-Doves and southwestern flycatch- ers appeared in all 3 states, along with a Lewis's Woodpecker in Wisconsin, a Clark's Nutcracker in Minnesota, 2 Black-throated Gray Warblers, a Green-tailed Towhee, and a Hepatic Tanager in Michigan, and Golden-crowned Sparrows in Minnesota and Michigan. Since the majority of rare birds in our Region are seen and photo - graphed by multiple observers, citations gener- ally refer to the original discoverers of the bird and/or those providing written documentation. Abbreviations: Detroit River (Detroit River Hawk Watch, Wayne, MI); H.R./L.R. (Hawk

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