North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO1 2017

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 128 of 139

V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 7 ) • N U M B E R 1 127 C E N T R A L A M E R I C A 26 Nov at the Cerrón Grande reservoir in the Salvadoran department of Cuscatlán (RC) was a first departmental record. In El Salvador, this species was previously known from just three lo - cations, with most records coming from Laguna El Jocotal in the eastern coastal plain. In Panama, two Whistling Herons were found on 26 August (ph. BAh, CA, vt LL) and again on 7 November (ph. JSi) at Malibú, near Nueva Gorgona, Pan - amá Oeste. The species was first reported there in July 2014. Scarce but now annual in Hondu - ras, 5 Glossy Ibis were reported from a wetland near Los Lirios in Choluteca on 30 Aug (AA, ph. JvD), while one was seen at the El Jicarito reserve (Choluteca) on 18 Oct (AA, ph. JvD). The Central American expansion of Pearl Kite continues. This species has become estab - lished on the Pacific slope of Costa Rica, but is still noteworthy on the Caribbean slope, where one was photographed at the Barra del Colo - rado, Limón on 25 Sep (ph. AMM). A Harpy Eagle, found injured in the Darién province in 2008, was captured, rehabilitated and released in March of 2009 in Soberanía NP, Colón. Six years later, it was seen and photographed from the nearby Canopy Tower near Summit, Pan - amá on 5 Sep (JSi), a wonderful find docu- menting the survival of this individual in the wild. A Black-collared Hawk photographed at Finca Tamashan in Guatemala on 27 Oct (MR, RB) is the first record for the department of Ret - alhuleu, while an individual photographed on 8 Oct on the Changuinola Canal in Bocas del Toro, Panama (ph. NaD) provides the first record for that department. Savanna Hawk, like Pearl Kite an open area species that is likely benefiting from deforestation, appears to be colonizing Costa Rica. One was photographed on 27 Sep at the Cuidad Neily rice fields in Puntarenas (ph. JZ). Nesting was first described for this species in Costa Rica in 2014. A Crane Hawk photographed at Finca Tamashan on 10 Sep (MR, EvC, IS) is the first record for the depart - ment of Retalhuleu and a noteworthy record for the Pacific coast of Guatemala. An ad. Swain - son's Hawk was seen 21 Oct at the Blue Creek rice fields, Orange Walk (RM). This species is seldom reported in Belize north of s. Toledo. OWLS THROUGH GROSBEAKS We still know little about Unspotted Saw- whet Owl occurence in Central America. One reported on 14 Nov from a private reserve in Miramundo, Chalatenango (vr. AM) is the fourth report for El Salvador, but the first for that country since 1942, when three were collected or heard at different locations and dates. In Costa Rica, where this species is observed a bit more frequently, one was at Irazu Volcano, Car - tago on 18 Aug (SA), and one was at Myriam's Café, San Gerardo de Dota, San José on 26 Sep in Nicaraguan waters of the Gulf of Fonseca on 12 Sep (JS, OJ), when the same observers also noted 10 Black Storm-Petrels in that area, and another observer reported 12 Blacks closer to shore in Nicaragua near Potosí, Chinandega (GT). Black Storm-Petrel was new for Hondu - ras in August 2014, but was also seen regularly in the Gulf of Fonseca this fall. Both Black and Least Storm-Petrels were seen showing ac - tive wing molt throughout the report period, suggesting that these storm-petrels are non- breeders that visited the area to molt. Increased observer coverage will tell us more about the oc - currence of storm-petrels and other pelagics in the Gulf of Fonseca. An ad. White-tailed Tropicbird, photo- graphed on 8 Aug in Honduran waters off the Caribbean coast of Gracias a Dios, northeastern Honduras, was an excellent find, and repre - sents a first record for Honduras (ph. SC). Pe- ruvian Boobies sometimes show up in Pacific waters off southern Central America during ENSO years, when the food cycle of the Hum - boldt Current off western South America is se- verely disrupted. Three individuals were seen and photographed on 19 Jul (ph. JC, MO) at the Peñon de San José, a small rock formation near the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal, and four were present there on 23 Aug (VW). Peruvian Boobies have been recorded at this site with some regularity since Aug 2014. An American White Pelican has been present at Panamá Viejo in Panama City, Panamá since Dec 2014, and was again seen on multiple dates by multiple observers during the current report period, from 13 Aug (CG) to 28 Nov (JC), and photographed on 12 Sep and 5 Nov (both JC). Seldom recorded on Ambergris Caye in Be- lize, a Bare-throated Tiger-Heron was seen sev- eral times on 30 Jul (SL) near the southern tip of this long, narrow peninsula. A Striated Heron was a great find in Costa Rica at Los Llanos de San Emilio, Los Chiles de Alajuela (Alajuela) on 16 Sep (ph. RPR). A Least Bittern observed on (PO). A Spectacled Owl at Hill Bank field sta- tion, Orange Walk on 5 Nov (VR) established the northernmost record for this species in Belize. Up to 2 Yucatan Woodpeckers seen near Unitedville, Cayo on 11, 18, and 20 Oct (NP) were at a locality about 40 km west of the spe - cies' known range in Belize and may signify a westward range expansion. A juv. Aplomado Falcon, rare in Costa Rica, was photographed at Finca Las Trancas, Guanacaste on 16 Sep (ph. DV). Red-throated Caracara, once probably more widespread, is now uncommon and lo - cal in the region. At what may be the northern edge of its current range, a family group of 3 at Cerro Calistro in the buffer zone of Azul Meam - bar NP on 25 Aug (ph. RRo, other obs.) was an excellent find and a first recent department record for Comayagua, Honduras. Adding to the number of Belize cayes where Yellow-lored Parrots have been reported were 2 seen 15 Nov on s. Ambergris Caye (RM). One was still present on Caye Caulker 8 Aug (DB)— apparently the last of a small flock that arrived on the island in fall 2007. On 31 Oct, LJ flushed and briefly saw in flight 3 small Amazona par - rots on Long Caye, Lighthouse Reef giving vocalizations typical of this species. An island resident said the "Yucatan" Parrots had been around since 2005, along with a second spe - cies that had red on the head, perhaps White- fronted Parrot. In Belize, a Russet Antshrike at Despair Cairn Road, Cayo on 22 Nov (RM) was at a new locality and at the northernmost ex - treme of its range. Providing the first lowland record for Belize, a female Slaty Antwren was heard and seen at Belcampo Lodge, Toledo on 24 Aug (LJ). Wing-banded Antbird is rare in Panama, so 4 seen and one photographed on 18 Aug at the San Francisco Reserve, near Tortí, Panamá (BAd) was noteworthy. An abundant migrant throughout the region One of two (Chapman's) Leach's Storm-Petrels that were seen in the company of smaller Least Storm- Petrels and larger Black Storm-Petrels in the Gulf of Fonseca on 23 August, served as Honduras' first record. Photo by © Alfonso Auerbach. This White-tailed Tropicbird was a first for Honduras on 8 August, when it was found 70 miles off the Honduran Mosquito Coast. Photo by © Samaria Castellanos.

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