North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 98 of 211

V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 6 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 409 I O WA & M I S S O U R I William Wood. More than 50 uncited individ- uals made contributions to this report; all have our thanks. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– James J. Dinsmore, 646 Mallory Hill Drive, The Villages, Florida 32162 ( scholdt, Katy Putsch, Billy Reiter-Marolf, Larry Rizzo, Mark Robbins, Bill Scheible, Pat Schlar - baum (PSc), Lee Schoenewe, Jean Seisener, David Shealer, Tom Shires, Paul Skrade (PSk), Greg Swick, Michael Taylor, Karen Vista Spark - man, Gerald Von Ehwegan (GLV), Edge Wade, Haas, Jennifer Hammett, Paul Hertzel, Tom Johnson (ToJ), Timothy Jones (TiJ), Matt Ken - ne, Steve Kinder, Greg Leonard, Betty Lucas, Pat Lueders, Charlene Malone, Jim Malone, Kristi Mayo (Missouri), Bill Mees, Raymond Nojak, Lisa Owens, Bryan Prather, Mark Proe - The cold late-winter season resulted in an influx of Long-tailed Ducks into the Tennessee and Kentucky region during early March 2015. This male was present on the Ohio River, Kenton County, Kentucky 1-4 (here 2) March. Photograph by Andy Bess. Tennessee & Kentucky SR); and one along the Ohio River at Louisville, KY 9 Mar (BPa et al.). In excess of 10,000 Snow Geese were still in the Lower Hickman Bot - toms, Fulton, KY 11 Mar (HC). High counts of Ross's Goose included 13 at Duck River 12 Mar (fide CF) and 8 sw. of Jewell City, Hopkins, KY 24 Mar (JBa, ph. BPa, TG). A few Mute Swans continued from the winter season at scattered sites in Kentucky into mid-Mar; the "wild" resi - dent pair at Adkins Swamp had 4 cygnets in their com pany 12 May (EH). In Tennessee, 5 were at Duck River 8 Mar (RS, ATr) and 2 at Devon Hills Pond, Nashville 22-25 Mar (ATh, FF). Two Tundra Swans were found w. of Gra - ham, Muhlenberg, KY 15 Mar (ph. SG, TG); 2 from the wintering flock at Sauerheber were last seen there 4 Apr (CC). Canvasbacks, Greater Scaup, and Redheads were all reported in well-above-average num - bers in ne. Tennessee during early Mar. Gen- erally modest peak counts of waterfowl of interest included 825 Blue-winged Teal e. of Hickman Fulton, KY 17 Apr (HC), with 600 still there 22 Apr (JSo); 335 Northern Pintails in ne. Jefferson, KY 7 Mar (BPa et al.), with 200 on Barren River Lake, Allen/Barren, KY 2 Mar (MBy, MkB), 350 on Cedar Creek Lake, Lincoln, KY 7 Mar (RD), 350 at McElroy Lake 11 Mar (JSo), and at least 500 in ne. Hop kins, KY 15 Mar (TG, SG); a total of 970 Redheads at five sites in Sullivan, TN 6 Mar (RLK) that and April was significant enough to cause a brief appearance of the transient lakes in southern Warren County, Kentucky, but they disap - peared during early June. Rarity highlights during the sea - son in Kentucky included Black- bellied Whistling-Duck, a few rare waterfowl, loons, and gulls con - tinuing from the winter season, a Western Grebe, several Whimbrels, a Ruff, multiple Harris's Sparrows, and a continuing Common Redpoll. Rarities in Tennessee included a continuing Iceland Gull, White-winged Dove, Cave Swal - low, Audubon's Warbler, and Yellow-headed Blackbird. Abbreviations: Duck River (Duck River Unit, Tennessee N.W.R., Humphreys, TN), Ensley (En - sley Bottoms, including the EARTH Complex, sw. Shelby, TN), McElroy Lake (Warren, KY), Morgan Pond (Christian, KY), Sauerheber (Sau - erheber Unit Sloughs W.M.A., Henderson, KY). WATERFOWL THROUGH TERNS A Black-bellied Whistling-Duck was pres ent at Lake Reba, Madison, KY 18 Apr–19 May (ph. KaW, DHr et al.). The high count at Ensley, where the species is now resident, was 126 on 6 Apr (JWa). A few flocks of Greater White- fronted Geese were reported farther e. than has become the norm; they included 20 n. of Worthington, Oldham, KY 4 Mar (PBe, JBe); one at Cedar Creek Lake, Lincoln, KY 7 Mar (RD); one on Lake Cumberland, Pulaski, KY 19 Mar and 5 Apr (DMc; RD); and one at the Minor Clark Fish Hatchery, Rowan, KY 19 Apr (ph. DSv, LCo). A Greater White-fronted Goose and a Snow Goose at Camp Jordan Pond, Hamilton, TN through 1 Jun (m.ob.) appeared fully ca - pable of flight. There were five reports of Cack- ling Geese: 6 at Spindletop Farm, Fayette, KY 1 Mar (DSv), with 2 last reported there 2 Mar (SP); one at Cherokee Farm, Knox, TN 1-9 Mar (SHo, m.ob.); 5 at Dunbar Cave S.P., Montgom - ery, TN 6-7 Mar (JH); 12 at Duck River 8 Mar (RS, ATr), with one still there 15 Mar (RS, CR, Chris Sloan Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– C limatic conditions during spring 2015 were somewhat variable. Temperatures during the three-month period were not far from average, although slightly cooler than normal during March and slightly warmer than normal during April and May, except for north - eastern Tennessee, which reported cooler- than-normal temperatures during April. Pre - cipitation was quite variable during the period; however, March was very wet in Kentucky, with major stations recording about one and one-half to two times normal rainfall. In con - trast, March precipitation was mostly normal in Tennessee, except for a somewhat unusual early March snowstorm. Paducah, Kentucky was the most extreme, recording more than two times normal precipitation. April contin - ued to be abnormally wet, especially across the central and eastern portions of the Re - gion, where Louisville and Jackson, Kentucky recorded two and one-half times and three times normal rainfall, respectively. In contrast, May turned dry, with major stations record - ing three-quarters to about one-half normal precipitation and Jackson, Kentucky setting a record with only about one-third normal rain - fall. The period of wet weather during March

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