North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 6 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 401 W E S T E R N G R E AT L A K E S Ross Mueller, Bob Myers (BMy), Dana Neufeld, Alec Olivier, Andy Paulios (eBird Wisconsin), John Parker (JPa), Jeff Pavlik (JPv), Doug L. Pierzina, Brian Plath (BPl), Ed Post, Tom Prestby (eBird Wisconsin), Nancy & Dave Reinhart (NDR), Robert P. Russell, Kevin Rysiewski (KRy) Norka Sal- dana, Joe Schaufenbuel (Wisconsin), Karen Schik (KSc), Beth Siverhus (BSi), Andrew D. Smith, Charles Sontag (CSo), Peder H. Svin- gen, Andrea Szymczak (ASz), Daryl Tessen, Tim Thompson, Paul van Ginkel (PvG), Rick Van Hoff (RVH), Kristin Wagner, Nicholas Walton, John Whitehead (JWh), Christine Young, Elizabeth Young, Roy Zimmerman (RZi), and David C. Zumeta. We extend our sincere thanks to the hundreds of other con- tributors who could not be acknowledged individually. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Peder H. Svingen, 2602 East 4th Street, Duluth, Minnesota 55812 ( Cited observers (subregional editors in boldface): Brad Abendroth (BAb), Kirby Ad- ams, Bradley Anderson (BAn), Nick Anich (eBird Wisconsin), Amar Ayyash, Brian Bai- ley, Lori Bailey, Karl J. Bardon, Art Belding, Matthew Berg (MBe), Mike Boston (MBo), Dave Brasser, Margaret Brasser, Calvin Bren- nan, John Brenneman, Rick Brigham, Karl J. Bardon, Paul E. Budde (Minnesota), Adam M. Byrne (eBird Michigan), Shawn Conrad, Jim C. Dawe, Louie J. Dombroski (Michigan), Dan Duso, Bruce A. Fall (eBird Minnesota), Susan H. Fall, Kyle Flesness, Zack Gayk, Drew Goldberg, R. Green, Da- mon Haan, Skye Haas, James Hansen, An- drew Hawley (AHa), Pete R. Hoeger, Aaron Holschbach (AHo), Doug L. Jackson, Rhoda Johnson, Joseph D. Kaplan, Michael Kuehn (MKu), Mary Kienitz (MKi), Douglas W. Kieser, Bill Krouse, Alex Lewanski (ALe), Tom Lewanski (TLe), Michael J. Majewski, Craig R. Mandel, Scott B. Meyer (SBM), one was a territorial Lark Bunting in Allegan 14-30 Jun (RB, m.ob.). Henslow's Sparrows tallied in 14 Minnesota counties made the lowest count since 2008. Late for Minnesota was a White-crowned Sparrow in Itasca 20 Jun (†SC). Michigan's only report of Summer Tanager was of a pair in Berrien (BAn, m.ob.). In Wisconsin, a male Western Tanager bright - ened Brown 13-14 Jun (DB, MB). Blue Gros- beaks in three Michigan locations included a singing male in Monroe 24 Jun–12 Jul (p.a., TT, m.ob.), possibly a returning male to the U.P. in Dickinson 28 Jun (AB, JDK), and a female and first-year male in Washtenaw 27 Jul+ (p.a., RG). A Rusty Blackbird in Roseau, MN 18 Jun (BSi) was likely still northbound, but one in Keweenaw, MI 30 Jul (ZG) pos - sibly summered, as it was found in appropri- ate sphagnum bog/boreal pond habitat. Up to 4 Great-tailed Grackles in Cottonwood 27 Jun–17 Jul (ph. †DWK, ph. SBM) were n. of their Minnesota foothold in Jackson. tory Bird Sanctuary, St. Charles, MO), Riverton (Riverton W.A., Fremont, IA), Saylorville (Say - lorville Reservoir, Polk, IA), Smithville (Smith- ville Lake, Clay, MO), Squaw Creek (Squaw Creek N.W.R., Holt, MO), Swan Lake (Swan Lake N.W.R., Chariton, MO). WATERFOWL THROUGH RAILS Missouri Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks were found at three se. sites 12-26 May, with counts of 3, 1, and 6, respectively, while extreme sw. Iowa was visited by one in Fremont 13 May (ph. Matt Dollison). Greater White-fronted and Snow Geese were seen in fairly typical num - bers, but fewer Ross's Geese than normal were reported from both states. Missouri had a high count of 12 in Boone 8 Mar (RD), and Iowa's high of 45 from Dallas 16 Mar (JB) was far less than their spring 2014 peak count. Similarly, fewer Cackling Geese were observed in both states compared to previous spring seasons. Trumpeter Swans continued to expand their range in Iowa, with reports from 17 counties, predominantly cen. Iowa and e. to the Mis - sissippi River. However, the last report of the season came from Fremont 17 May (KDy). In Missouri, reports were widespread, with the vast majority coming from Riverlands, Eagle Bluffs, and Squaw Creek. A Trumpeter Swan was much farther s. than typical 11-20 Mar at Tingler Prairie C.A., Howell near the Missouri/ Arkansas border (Becky Estes). Missouri Tun - declines in waterfowl numbers in Iowa and record-early appearances of Scarlet Tanagers in several Missouri locations. Temperatures were about average, or slight - ly above, across the Region. Precipitation was below average in Iowa and nearly average in Missouri. May was a wet month in both states. May was Missouri's wettest since 2002 and the thirteenth wettest May on record. No notable weather systems passed through the Region. As birding coverage increases in extreme southeastern Missouri, many species are be - ing detected a little early and more rare spe- cies are being found with some regularity; one highlight from that area this season was a Ruff. Other highlights includes Missouri's seventh Mottled Duck, the fifth spring Pacific Loon, a handful of Snowy Plovers (including the sixth away from northwestern Missouri), two Little Gulls, a Swainson's Warbler in the Kansas City area, and a lingering Hoary Redpoll. In Iowa, highlights included the state's sixth Mottled Duck and a Boreal Owl specimen. Only two western rarities, Western Tanager and Lazuli Bunting, visited Iowa. A Black Vulture and Black-bellied Whistling-Duck were the only two southern visitors. Abbreviations: Eagle Bluffs (Eagle Bluffs C.A., Boone, MO), Grammer Grove (Grammer Grove W.A., Marshall), Hawkeye (Hawkeye W.A., Johnson, IA), Riverlands (Riverlands Migra - –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Ryan N. Douglas Joshua P. Uffman S pring 2015 was a fairly unremark- able spring in terms of bird migration throughout the Region. Across the board, most species arrived and departed within their expected migration windows in expected con - centrations. Notable exceptions were drastic Iowa & Missouri

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