North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 79 of 211

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 390 9 May, a late date (DTW, BCW). The 3 Neotropic Cormorants recorded in Indiana brought the state total to 10: an imm. was at Eagle Creek Park, Indianapolis 12-28 Apr (KR, m.ob.), an ad. was at the Celery Bog, Tippecanoe 30 Apr (JBD, JSk), and an imm. flew past Obs. Tower with a flock of Double- cresteds 6 May (BJG, BB). Early American Bit - terns were at Goose Pond 4 Mar (DW, MKn fide LWS) and in Marion, IL 11 Mar (RES). A Least Bittern at Mermet Lake, Massac, IL 18 Apr (KAM) was slightly early, as was a Yellow- crowned Night-Heron at Horseshoe Lake, Madison, IL 2 Apr (FRH). The single Little Blue Heron and 6 Cattle Egrets reported in Indiana made the lowest spring totals there since 2007 and 2000, respectively. A Green Heron in Wil - liamson, IL 7 Apr was a little eager to return (JG). It was an invasion season for Glossy Ibis, with at least 24 birds reported, including an unprecedented 14 in Indiana. The highest counts were of 3 at Cane Ridge W.M.A., Gibson, IN 11 Apr (ES) and 9 at Crab Orchard 23-25 May (KAM, WW, m.ob.). A single White-faced Ibis was at Crab Orchard 21 Apr (JG), another was photographed with 2 Glossies at Cane Ridge 26 Apr (AR, AH, MW et al.), and 2 were noted on the Richland/Wayne, IL county line 22 May (MSS). Two Plegadis were at Mermet Lake, Massac, IL 25 Apr (KAM), a single was at Emiquon 28 Apr (KBR), 6 were at Kingsbury F.W.A., LaPorte, IN 13 May (JCK), and 15 were in a flooded field in Benton, IN 30 May (DGt). Black Vultures continue to expand their tion Tower at Dunes S.P., Porter, IN); Patoka River (Patoka River N.W.R., Gibson, IN). WATERFOWL THROUGH CRANES Three Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks were photographed on a small pond on the s. side of Indianapolis 31 May (SS). Most geese moved through the Region in Feb, though Emiquon held 2000 Greater White-fronted Geese 6 Mar (MHB) and 15,000 Snow Geese 21 Mar (SA). In Ripley, IN, a late Cackling Goose was identi - fied 23 Apr (BD). A fine count of 220 Tundra Swans was made at Old Shamrock Sod Farm, LaPorte, IN 28 Mar (JCK). A male Cinna - mon Teal was at Mermet Lake, Massac, IL 25 Mar–8 Apr (KAM, ph. JS, m.ob.). In contrast to the past several years, numbers of report - ed Northern Pintails were down significantly. Good numbers of divers were present, with 6100 Canvasbacks in Rock Island, IL 13 Mar (KJM), 1875 Ring-necked Ducks at Hennepin- Hopper Lake Restoration Area, Putnam, IL 28 Mar (DFS), and 9800 Lesser Scaup in Rock Island, IL 13 Mar (KJM). Modest numbers of Surf Scoters were reported, with an impres - sive 7 inland birds at Geist Reservoir, Hamilton, IN 8 Apr (NK, DG) and 2 late birds at Lake Springfield 2 May (HDB). In the aftermath of a second consecutive winter with frozen Great Lakes, White-winged Scoters were once again seen in numbers well above average: 57 were at Montrose 1 Mar (BMW) and 18 birds were inland at Lake Springfield 11 Mar (HDB). The high count for Black Scoters was of 5 at Chi - cago's Lincoln Park, Cook, IL 10-13 Mar (ASA, KB, EG, LGM et al.). Illinois hosted 2 Barrow's Goldeneyes: a female at Lake Springfield 14 Mar (†HDB) and a male at Carlyle 20-28 Mar (B&PM, ph. DMK, MSS, KAM, m.ob.). Greater Prairie-Chickens continue to hang by a thread, with only 25 counted 3 Mar at the traditional nesting area at Prairie Ridge State N.A., Jasper, IL (RES). The population there was recently supplemented with birds translocated from Kansas. The spring flight of Red-throated Loons was about average in Indiana but above average in Illinois, with 11 in se. Chicago 2 Mar (AG), 14 at Obs. Tower 18 Mar (BJG), and a fine inland count of 5 at Turtle Creek Reservoir, Sullivan, IN 7 Mar (SLL, JDH, SEH et al.). Red-necked Grebes appeared to have resumed their typical spring pattern, as only 8 were reported in the Region compared to nearly 400 last spring. Singles were reported at Des Plaines C.A., Will, IL 18-30 Mar (RJ, m.ob.), at Crab Orchard 21- 26 Mar (WDR, KAM, m.ob.), in Clark, IN 22 Mar (BJ; a second county record), at Chau. 28 Mar (KBR), in Washington, IN 11 Apr (BL; a second county record), at Carlyle 20-21 Apr (MSS), and at Lake Summerset, Winnebago, IL James D. Hengeveld Keith A. McMullen Geoffrey A. Williamson –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– A lthough average temperatures were only slightly higher than the norm, the season started off cooler than nor - mal (-1.3º C in March) and ended consider- ably warmer than average (+1.8º C in May). Frequent northerly winds seemed to inhibit passage of passerines until mid-May, when the northern tier in particular experienced large numbers of migrants. Similarly, while precipi - tation levels were only slightly above average throughout the period, April levels were sig - nificantly higher (+2.5 cm.) than average, par- ticularly in the southern half of the Region, where flooded fields created excellent shore - bird habitat. Notable were an invasion of Plegadis ibises and an unprecedented spring flight of Pine Siskins. Rarities included Cinnamon Teal, Neotropic Cormorant, continuing Ferruginous Hawk, Purple Gallinule, Snowy Plover, the Region's first Black-tailed Godwit, three Ruffs, Curlew Sandpiper, White-winged Dove, Say's Phoebe, Violet-green Swallow, Kirtland's War - bler, and Black-throated Gray Warbler. Abbreviations: Carlyle (Carlyle Lake, s. Il - linois); Chau. (Chautauqua N.W.R., Mason, IL); Crab Orchard (Crab Orchard N.W.R., Wil - liamson, IL); Emiquon (Emiquon N.W.R. and The Nature Conservancy Emiquon Preserve, Fulton, IL); F.P. (Forest Preserve); F.W.A. (Fish and Wildlife Area); Goose Pond (Goose Pond F.W.A., Greene, IN); Harmonie (Harmonie S.P., Posey, IN); Lake Springfield (Lake Springfield, Sangamon, IL); Montrose (Montrose Point in Chicago's Lincoln Park); Obs. Tower (Observa - Illinois & Indiana One of three Neotropic Cormorants seen in Indiana this season, this immature (lower bird) was found at Eagle Creek Park, Indianapolis on 12 (here 16) April 2015 and remained for more than two weeks. Photograph by Mark Welter.

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