North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 45 of 211

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 356 T H E C H A N G I N G S E A S O N S : R E T R O S P E C T chusetts. Howell, S. N. G. 2012. Petrels, Albatrosses, and Storm-Petrels of North America: A Photographic Guide. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Howell, S. N. G., I. Lewington, and W. Rus- sell. 2014. Rare Birds of North America. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Klotzbach, P., W. Gray, and C. Fogarty. 2015. Active Atlantic hurricane era at its end? Nature Geoscience 8: 737-738. Madeiros, J. B. Flood, and K. Zufelt. 2014. Conservation and at-sea range of Bermuda Petrel (Pterodroma cahow). North American Birds 67: 546-557. McKinney, M. L., and J. L. Lockwood. 1999. Biotic homogenization: a few winners replacing many losers in the next mass extinction. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14: 450-453. Parmesan, C., and G. Yohe. 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change im- pacts across natural systems. Nature 421: 37-42. Patten, M. A., and G. Lasley. 2000. Range ex- pansion of the Glossy Ibis in North Amer- ica. North American Birds 54: 241-247. Petrucha, M. E., P. W. Sykes, Jr., P. W. Huber, and W. W. Duncan. 2013. Spring and fall migrations of Kirtland's Warbler (Setoph- aga kirtlandii). North American Birds 66: 382-427. Schwertner, T. W., H. A. Mathewson, J. A. Roberson, and G. L. Waggerman. 2002. White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica), in: The Birds of North America Online (P. G. Rodewald, ed.). Cornell Lab of Ornithol- ogy, Ithaca, New York. Robertson, W. B., Jr. 1980. The Changing Seasons: A review and analysis of the breeding range changes reported in the last five years in American Birds. American Birds 34: 869-874. Sabo, T. 1992. Plegadis ibis: a change in sta- tus. Birders Journal 1: 241-256. Sagan, C. E. 1980. Cosmos. Ballentine Books, New York. Virkkala, R., R. K. Heikkinen, N. Leikola, and M. Luoto. 2008. Projected large-scale range reductions of northern-boreal land bird species due to climate change. Bio- logical Conservation 141: 1343-1353. Yorio, P., J. O. Branco, J. Lenzi, G. Luna- Jorquera, and C. Zavalaga. 2016. Dis- tribution and trends in Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus) coastal breeding populations in South America. Waterbirds 39: 114- 135. n is far greater than we imagine, now more than ever. There can be no advocacy in an absence of information, and funding for sci- entific bird study is a pittance and not likely to increase soon. We are part Lorax, part Whos in Whoville. We are indispensible. We must make a great noise. There is no time to lose. Literature cited Barnosky, A. D., N. Matzke, S. Tomiya, G. O. U. Wogan, B. Swartz, T. B. Quental, C. Marshall, J. L. McGuire, E. L. Lindsey, K. C. Maguire, B. Mersey, and E. A. Ferrer. 2011. Has Earth's sixth mass extinction already begun? Nature 471: 51-57. Bellard, C., C. Bertelsmeier, P. Leadley, W. Thuiller, and F. Courchamp. 2012. Im- pacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity. Ecological Letters 15: 365- 377. Benson, K. L. P., and K. A. Arnold. 2001. The Texas Breeding Bird Atlas. Texas A&M Uni- versity System, College Station and Cor- pus Christi, Texas. Brinkley, E. S. 1996. The Changing Seasons: The fall migration 1996. National Audubon Society Field Notes 51: 8-15. Ceballos, G., P. R. Ehrlich, A. D. Barnosky, A. García, R. M. Pringle, and T. M. Palmer. 2015. Accelerated modern human-in- duced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction. Science Advances 1: 1-5. Chen, I., J. K. Hill, R. Ohlemüller, D. B. Roy, and C. D. Thomas. 2011. Rapid range shifts of species associated with high lev- els of climate warming. Science 333: 1024- 1026. Clark, N. E., R. Lovell, B. W. Wheeler, S. L. Higgins, M. H. Depledge, and K. Norris. 2014. Biodiversity, cultural pathways, and human health: a framework. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29: 198-204. Coady, G., and M. K. Peck. 2007. Black- necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus), pp. 218-219 in: Cadman, M. D., D. A. Suther- land, G. G. Beck, D. Lepage, and A. R. Couturier, eds. Atlas of the Breeding Birds of Ontario, 2001-2005. Bird Studies Canada, Environment Canada, Ontario Field Or- nithologists, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, and Ontario Nature. Toronto, Ontario. Gratto-Trevor, C. L. 2002. Bucking the trend: increasing numbers of Black-necked Stilts in Canada. North American Birds 56: 246- 250. Harrison, P. 1983. Seabirds: An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Massa- that stands against all that we value and that will set its machinery in motion well before 20 January 2017. Back in 1996, the phrase "Rise of the South" sat poorly with some readers, sev- eral of whom said it sounded ominous, like the veiled threats of a vanquished mob who would strike back against modernity itself, returning the country to a regime that lynched minorities, harassed "foreign- ers," subjugated women, and poisoned or destroyed tracts of habitat containing en- dangered species, for profit or for sport. In 2016, the phrase seems less inapt, now that the confederacy between the politics of vio- lence against humans and the politics of vio- lence against the environment has become a matter of brazen public attestation. Whatever we make of the impacts of climate change on our beloved avian fel- low travelers, we are certainly not the naive birders we once were. Great Lakes birders know to watch for just about anything, from Hooded Oriole to Kelp Gull to Thick-billed Kingbird. Seawatchers on the Pacific coast study three frigatebird species and have eyes and minds open for sulids—all six of them. Birders in interior Pennsylvania mobilize for Band-rumped Storm-Petrels during tropical storms and think farther outside the box, re- calling their recent Bahama Sheartail. Virgin- ia birders scan for a second White-crowned Pigeon or second Violet-crowned Hum- mingbird. In the Dakotas, they listen for kiskadees and nightingale-thrushes, in New Mexico, for wood-rails and Sungrebe. Colo- rado birders—with a state checklist of 501 species and counting—are ready for any- thing. And not all flights are northerly: bird- ers in the Southeast watch for massive flights of hungry Razorbills. We are not the same birders we were then. We have changed, just as the birds have. What began in the 1960s and 1970s for many as a merry scavenger hunt for "acci - dentals" and big lists has become an often sobering witnessing of rapid changes in the status and distribution of many species. As we are no longer naive about what we are seeing, so we cannot pretend to be naive that decisions about how we spend our lives— in leisure activities or in political engage- ment—are of no consequence to the lives of birds. Are bird species merely markers on a list or game board—or are they creatures whose fates matter? We will be remembered by how we answer. Our role in documenting declines, and expansions, and in sounding the alarm bells

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