North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

Issue link: http://nab.aba.org/i/778845

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N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 460 A R I Z O N A pand northward and westward, with records this spring from Rio Verde, Black Canyon City, Hassayampa River Preserve, and Mount Ord. White-eared Hummingbird reports included a female in Miller Canyon 25 Apr–10 May (T. Beatty et al.) and a male there 17-25 May (T. Beatty); this species has decreased a bit in re - cent years but still remains a rare regular late spring visitor to canyons in se. Arizona. An Eared Quetzal was in Gardner Can - yon, Santa Rita Mountains 17 Apr (v.r. KK, P. Tersey); there have been about 25 previously accepted records of this species from Arizona. The only Green Kingfisher of the spring was of one at "Kingfisher Pond" on the San Pedro River 30 Mar (T. Wood). There was an unusual influx of Acorn Woodpeckers at scattered low - land locations in Phoenix, Tempe, and Marana during late May. A Gila Woodpecker was at Prescott 23 Apr (F. Guerrero), where it is con - sidered casual. Nine different Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers were reported statewide, including at least 3 that were found previously during the winter, an above-average number of reports for a season. Rare but regular visitors to the state, Northern (Yellow-shafted) Flickers were found at Tucson 13 Mar (MP, MMS) and at Tempe 24 Mar–7 Apr (J. Taylor). Again this season, Crested Caracaras wandered away from areas of known occurrence, with reports from Tubac, Green Valley, Tucson, and as far n. as Buckeye 10 Mar (C. Strand). FLYCATCHERS THROUGH LONGSPURS Very exciting was the discovery of Arizona's fourth (and possibly fifth) Tufted Flycatcher. The initial sighting was of one in Miller Can - yon 26 Apr (ph. C. Trapini). Then, after a hia- tus, one was found in upper Ramsey Canyon 22 May (ph. M. Phillips), followed by 2 pres - ent, with a nest, into Jun (m.ob.). The possibil- ity exists that the Miller and Ramsey birds rep- resent the same individual, but they will likely be considered as different records without definitive proof. A Greater Pewee at Sunflower 4-8 Mar (ph. EH) was well n. of this species' normal breeding range in Arizona. A Greater Pewee wintering at Liberty, Maricopa was last reported 23 Mar (C. Strand). Buff-breasted Flycatchers continued to expand into the Santa Rita Mountains, with reports from Cave, Jose - phine, and Madera Canyons this spring. In the Santa Catalina Mountains, reports from Rose Canyon were received beginning 23 Mar and continued through the spring (ph. B. Higgins, m.ob.). One was also found, for the second year in a row, at Arcadia Campground in the Pinaleño Mountains 25 May+ (ph. J. Coker). A Vermilion Flycatcher was well n. at Flagstaff 13 Apr (ph. T. Hauck). At least one Nutting's Flycatcher was seen during the spring along Tucson 17 Mar (J. Higgins; ph. J. Hard - ing), one at Marana 21 Mar (J. McCabe; ph. AC), 3 at Willcox 2-3 Apr (ph. REW), another at Marana (ph. J. Logan, D. Lo - gen, AC), one at Willcox 28 Apr (P. Wat- kins, N. Donald), and singles at Ajo 3 & 12 May (J. Veverka); this species is a ca - sual visitor to s. Arizona and virtually any season. A subad. Herring Gull was at Will - cox 2 Mar (ph. REW), where the species is casual. Nine different Least Terns were reported 19 Apr–25 May across s. Arizo - na; this species has become a rare regular spring visitor to the state. Five different reports of Caspian Terns, totaling 16 individu - als, were received 22 Apr–27 May; this species is a rare regular migrant at any larger body of water, including sewage treatment plants. For - ster's Terns were seen in greater-than-usual numbers this spring, with at least 15 reports totaling no fewer than 50 individuals. There was an unusual movement of Band- tailed Pigeons in s. Arizona this spring, with a flock of 25 seen at Kitt Peak w. of Tucson 17 Mar (ph. T. Holland), 6 at Agua Caliente Park, Tucson 19 Mar (J. Babson), one along the Bill Williams River 19 Apr (ph. LHa), and one at Rillito River Park, Tucson 21 May (ph. R. Mar - tinez); this species is an uncommon summer resident at high-elevation pine forest in many of the higher mountain ranges in se. Arizona and is rarely reported away from these breed - ing locations. Two Ruddy Ground-Doves were reported along Sonoita Creek 2 Apr (R. Bax - ter). A Flammulated Owl was photographed in the Tinajas Atlas Mountains 29 Apr (ph. L. Piest), establishing what is likely a first record for Yuma. Buff-collared Nightjar has been ex - panding in recent years as a rare regular sum- mer visitor (and breeder) to canyons in se. Arizona; several (up to 5?) were in California Gulch 31 Mar+ (R. Hoyer et al.; v.r. AC; ph. C. Melton), one at Proctor Rd., Madera Canyon 9 Apr–5 May (J. Taylor; v.r. LH), and again there 29 May+ (J. Mann, K. Oeser), one at Organ Pipe N.M. 25 Apr (†Jay Taylor), 3 at Arivaca Creek uplands 29 May (†DVP), and one at Aravaipa Canyon 29 May (D. Laush, TC et al.). A Mexican Whip-poor-will in upper Madera Canyon 28 Mar (Jay Taylor) was early, and one at Vekol Wash near Maricopa 3 May (D. Wong, DVP) was at a very odd lowland location for this species. A Plain-capped Starthroat was at Tucson 8 May (ph. J. Woofenden), and another was in Madera Canyon 14-21 May (D. Muschalek; ph. R. Bowers); this species has become a rare regular late spring and summer visitor in se. Arizona, with most (but not all) records coming from the lower portions of canyons. Broad-billed Hummingbirds continue to ex - been spreading northward and westward in the state. It was an excellent spring for Short-tailed Hawk, with one (or 2?) at Tubac 1 Mar and again 23 Mar (P. Collins; ph. N. Harris), one at Cienega Creek Preserve near Colossal Cave 20 Mar (ph. PS), one in lower Florida Canyon 23 Apr–15 May (ph. T. Holland), and likely the same individual at Proctor Rd. 5 May (ph. LH), one in Marshall Gulch 2 May (†J. McCabe), and one at Onion Saddle, Chiricahua Mountains, 15 May (JM); this species continues to expand into the mountains of se. Arizona. Zone-tailed Hawks were a bit w. of normal breeding areas in the state at Parker 18 Apr (M. Lester) and at Havasu N.W.R. 13 (J. Swackhamer) & 27 May (LHa, D. Fletcher). SHOREBIRDS THROUGH FALCONS No fewer than 10 Black-bellied Plovers were reported this spring, a greater-than-usual number for a single season. An American Golden-Plover was at Phoenix 2-5 Apr (ph. L. Hoeinger); this species is still considered a ca - sual migrant in Arizona. Individual Whimbrels were at Davenport Lake near Flagstaff 15 Apr (ph. A. Gonzales) and at Lake Havasu 29 Apr (LHa); this species is a casual to rare but regu - lar migrant in Arizona. It was a relatively good spring for Marbled Godwit migrating through the state, with the highest concentration being 153 birds at Sedona 26-27 Apr (ph. S. Hough). Five reports totaling 6 Sanderlings were report - ed between late Apr and late May. Two Semi- palmated Sandpipers reports were received, one near Ehrenberg along the L.C.R.V. 29 Apr (EH) and 2 at Willcox 5-6 May (TJ); this spe - cies is a casual spring migrant in the state. Very rare in spring was a Short-billed Dowitcher at Willcox 16-18 May (DS). A Wilson's Snipe at Sweetwater 15 May (AC, MMS) was late. Red- necked Phalarope is a regular migrant in the state, but concentrations of 350 at Sedona 15 May (R. Armstrong) and 250 at Glendale Re - charge Ponds 21 May (J. Ritz, J. Mann) were high for the state. It was an outstanding spring for Heermann's Gull in Arizona, with one at Kennedy Park, A fourth record for Arizona, this Blue Mockingbird was discovered at Ramsey Canyon 21 May 2015. Photograph by M. Reynolds.

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