North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 122 of 211

V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 6 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 433 S O U T H E R N G R E AT P L A I N S were in Seward, NE 18-23 May (KS, m.ob.). The 1800+ American Avocets at Quivira 22 Apr (MR) must have made an impressive sight. East - erly in Kansas, 16 avocets were in Neosho 21 Apr (AB). A Marbled Godwit arrived early in Neosho, KS 31 Mar (AB). Whimbrel has become more regular as a spring migrant in the recent de - cade, with 1-5 birds at 10 Oklahoma locations 23 Apr–24 May (fide JAG), seven reports from five Nebraska locations (fide WRS), and a high count of 32 at Quivira 14 May (MR). Easterly Long-billed Curlews were in Canadian, OK 17 Apr (2 birds; ZP, CE) and Pratt, KS 25 Mar (SS). An Upland Sandpiper in Oklahoma, OK 25 May (CC, HS) was tardy, although the species is an uncommon breeder in extreme n. Oklahoma. Good Willet counts were 150 in Woodward, OK 1 May (JAG) and 51 in Comanche the same day (L&MT). Ruddy Turnstones, an uncommon mi - grant in the Region, were reported in all three states at the expected times, 9-23 May (fide WRS, JAG, CO). An amazing 4500 Stilt Sand - pipers were at Quivira 14 May (MR). Among the few Buff-breasted Sandpiper reports from Oklahoma were 23 in Cleveland 14 May (JAG) and 5 in Osage 17 May (MP). Westerly Ameri - can Woodcocks were singles in Hamilton, NE 27 Mar (SM) and Pratt, KS 25 Mar (MR). The 18 Red-necked Phalaropes at Quivira 9 May (BG) was a good tally so far east; also easterly were 1-2 in Lancaster, NE 18-28 May (MW, TG). GULLS THROUGH FALCONS An early Franklin's Gull appeared in Tulsa, OK 3 Mar (PR), while a record spring count for Nebraska was the 20,000+ at a Lancaster site 22 Apr (MW). Only one Laughing Gull was reported, in Riley, KS 17 May (ER). Spring reports of California Gull were scarce in the Region away from w. Nebraska, with one ar - riving in Lincoln, NE 4 Mar (TJW); only one California Gull was reported away from w. Ne - braska, that in Russell, KS 15 Apr (DK). Tardy Herring Gulls were singles in Cleveland, OK 23 May (JAG), Washington, OK 21 May (MD), and Barton, KS 25 May (AB). Thayer's Gull reports Slough, one was in Payne, OK 26 Apr and 9 May (SL). A rare breeder in Nebraska, Least Bitterns were located in Seward 21-22 May (DLe, GR), with 2 in Stanton DATES (MB). The only Tricolored Heron reported was westerly in Comanche, OK 15 May (L&MT). Single Cattle Egrets in Dodge, NE 9 Apr (MBe) and Sarpy, NE 10 Apr (AR) were early that far north. Glossy Ibis has become more regular in the Region, with 8 reported 3-24 May in the Rainwater Ba - sin (fide WRS) and 10 birds statewide in Okla- homa 14 Apr–28 May (fide JAG). While reports of hybrid Plegadis ibis are few, one was noted in Tillman, OK 15 & 28 May (L&MT). A Black Vulture was in Montgomery, KS 2 May (AB); 3 were westerly in Caddo, OK 28 May (JAG, CC). An Osprey in Sarpy, NE 13 Mar (AR) provided the second earliest documented record for Ne - braska. Ospreys have been trying to breed for about six years at a few w. Nebraska locations; there were two active nests in Scotts Bluff, one under incubation 9 May (KD) and another un - dergoing nest-building 5 May (KD). Westerly Broad-winged Hawks included one in Lincoln, NE 23 Apr (TJW), one in Kimball, NE 30 Apr (JJ), and 3 subads. in Dawes, NE 20 May (RW). Tardy Ferruginous Hawks were in Grant, OK 29 Mar (dark morph, JWo) and McClain, OK 20 Mar (JAG). A Golden Eagle in Linn, KS 13- 20 Mar (CEn) was the easternmost reported in the Region this season. Fewer Yellow Rails were noted at Red Slough this season, with only 1-2 there 7 Mar–25 Apr (CB). A possible Black Rail was described from Lancaster, NE 11 May (LE). The first King Rail reported at Red Slough was 31 Mar (DA). As many as 16 Purple Gallinules were at Red Slough 6-21 May (DA), where they are a Re - gional specialty. Red Slough was also the only location for Common Gallinules this season, a likely after-effect of recent drought in the Re - gion; they arrived by 25 Mar (DA). A Sandhill Crane in Russell, KS as late as 15 May (MR) was of interest in light of potential breeding; in Nebraska, successful breeding was noted again in Scotts Bluff , with a young bird seen 23 May (KD, AK), and ads. with 2 small young photographed 20 May in Knox (MWi, fide JGJ). Eleven Whooping Cranes at Quivira 27 Mar (BJ) made the highest count this season. High counts of staging American Golden- Plovers in Kansas were 2240 in one flock in Greenwood 29 Apr (RP) and a flock of 1600 in Elk 5 Apr (RP). The first arriving Snowy Plovers reported were 15 Mar in Kiowa, OK (JAG, MG). Piping Plovers were found in three Oklahoma counties 15 Apr–3 May (fide JAG). Mountain Plovers were at breeding locations in Kimball, NE 29 Apr–14 May (KH, MW, LB); isolated birds were noted in Cimarron, OK 2 (JAG, DW) & 25 May (JWo). Easterly Black-necked Stilts (KS), and an American Black Duck was in Platte, NE 2 Mar (SBu). Easterly Cinnamon Teal were in Linn, KS 1 May (DS, GP), Riley, KS 23 Apr (BS), and Payne, OK 11 Apr (SL); noteworthy were 3 in Tillman, OK 28 May (L&MT), sugges - tive of possible breeding there. A Blue-winged Teal x Cinnamon Teal hybrid was in Oklahoma, OK 1 Apr (LM, KM). The 4000 Redheads in Kiowa, OK 15 Mar (JAG, MG) made an excel - lent recent count. Rather late were 1-2 Greater Scaup in Cherry, NE 21-24 May (CR). The only Surf Scoters reported were singles in Morton, KS 23 Apr–8 May (MR, m.ob.) and Bourbon, KS 26 Apr (SS). White-winged Scoters were in better supply: 2 in Sarpy, NE 26-28 Mar (JR, m.ob.), one in Sedgwick, KS 1 Mar (AM), and one in Woodward, OK 16 Apr–8 May (TM, JS, CC). The rarest scoter species in the Region, a Black Scoter was in Cedar, NE 10 Apr (MB). The few Long-tailed Ducks noted were singles in Lan - caster, NE 2 Apr (SK, fide LE), in Cedar, NE 11 Apr (MB), and at Quivira 11 Apr (WCT). Late Buffleheads were in Murray, OK 8 May (ERi) and Cherry, NE 24 May (CR). Yet another tardy duck was a Red-breasted Merganser in Okla - homa, OK 28 May (BSt). Lake Tenkiller, Sequoyah/Cherokee, OK had the highest count of Common Loons, 291 on 11 Mar (JWA, KW). Common Loons occasion - ally linger into summer in the Region; late sin- gles were in Linn, KS 22 May (MGd), Oklaho- ma, OK 25 May (CC, HS), and Jackson, OK 27 May (JA). Lake Tenkiller also attracts the rarer loon species: 5 Red-throateds and one Pacific were there 11 Mar (JWA, KW). Another Pacific Loon was in Murray, OK 7-8 May (ERi). Tardy Horned Grebes in the s. part of the Region were singles in Washington, OK 8 May (MD) and Jefferson, KS 15 May (MMH). A Western Grebe in Garfield, OK 24 Apr (JWo) and 2 in Tillman 7 May (L&MT) were easterly; a tardy bird was in Cleveland 31 May (TK). The only Clark's Grebes reported were singles in Cherry 17 May (GR, m.ob.) and Lincoln 27 May (TJW). Neotropic Cormorants inched northward in Oklahoma, where about 10 were reported from various locations 21 Mar–19 May (fide JAG). An American White Pelican showing a bill plate was rather early in Loup, NE 3 Mar (PRe). The Brown Pelican that wintered in Nebraska, last reported 13 Mar (MB), was considered to be of the Pacific Coast subspecies californicus based on its reddish proximal gular pouch (ph. RSt; MB, SJD). Three other extralimital Brown Peli - cans were at two locations in Oklahoma, 2 in Delaware 23 Apr–4 May (JGo, JWo) and one in Harmon 12 May (B&MP, LM). An American Bittern at Red Slough 26 May (DA) was late and suggestive of breeding. A Least Bittern at Red Slough 2 Apr (DA) was early; rare in recent decades away from Red This Brown Pelican, apparently of the Pacific Coast subspe- cies based on the reddish proximal gular pouch coloration, wintered at Sutherland Reservoir, Lincoln County, Nebraska 26 December 2014 through 13 March (here 22 January) 2015. Photograph by Ruth Stearns.

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