North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 121 of 211

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 432 Jul (DS, JSP), and the lone Evening Grosbeak report came from Lawrence, SD 12 Jun (DGP). Contributors (state editors in boldface): MON- TANA: Dan Casey, Jeff Marks, Ron E. Mar- tin, John Parker, Forest Rowland, Bill Tweit. NORTH DAKOTA: Bob J. Anderson, Sandy J. Aubol, Adrian F. Azar, Erik Bruhnke, Olaf Dan - ielson, Corey D. Ellingson, Liza Elizando, Deb E. Hanson, Jesse L. Kolar, Dave O. Lambeth, Peter Lecholat, Jerry Ledbetter, Leigh Lind - strom, Mike McCloy, Ron E. Martin, Mark A. Otnes, Mike Parr, E. Scott Ray, Rodgers Family, Carl Stangeland, H. Clark Talkington, Kelsey D. Wohl, Chris L. Wood, Louise Zemeitis. SOUTH DAKOTA: Chris Anderson, Doug Backlund, Joe Coppock, Roger N. Dietrich, Richard Latuchie, Ron Mabie, Michael M. Melius, Charlie E. Miller, Gary Olson, Ricky D. Olson, Jeffrey S. Palmer, D. George Prisbe, Scott Stoltz, Eileen Dowd Stukel, Dave Swanson. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Ron Martin, 2708 Academy Road, Minot, North Dakota 58703-1600 ( confirmed last summer (CDE, DOL). A good peak of 30 Blue-gray Gnatcatchers was in Bear Canyon, Carbon, MT 10 Jun (DC, REM). The only North Dakota Wood Thrush reported was at Minot, Ward 6 Jun (REM). The lone North - ern Mockingbird report was from Hettinger, ND 26 Jul (JLK). Casual in summer in South Dakota, North - ern Parulas were in Lawrence 13 Jun–1 Jul (CA) and in Minnehaha 4 Jul (CA). An Eastern To - whee was well s. of usual range in North Da- kota in Dickey 19 Jun (PL). A Spotted Towhee x Eastern Towhee hybrid was in the Turtle Mountains of Bottineau, ND 12 Jul (REM); this hybrid is regular in this area. Vagrant tanagers included a Western Tanager at Minot, ND 17 Jun (REM) and a Summer Tanager in Foster, ND 4 Jun (fide CS). A peak of 6 Blue Grosbeaks was recorded in Emmons, ND 1 Jul (HCT). Ca - sual in North Dakota, Eastern Meadowlarks were in McHenry 7 Jun (REM) and Stark 10 Jun (JLK). A Bullock's Oriole was n. of usual haunts in n. Williams, ND 14 Jul (OD). The only Less - er Goldfinch reported was in Fall River, SD 2 North Dakota were in Divide 12 Jun (ESR), in Rolette 10 Jul (ESR), and in Burke 24 Jun (JL). A Gray Flycatcher was photographed in Bear Canyon, Carbon, MT 10 Jun, the first con - firmed at that location (DL, JM, ph.). Casual in Montana, an Eastern Phoebe continued through at least 14 Jun in Stillwater (FR, JP). A high number for North Dakota, 7 Bell's Vir - eos were in Emmons 1 Jul (HCT). Accidental in summer in North Dakota, a Blue-headed Vireo was in Grand Forks 2 Jul (RF). Unusual in summer in the deciduous Yellowstone Val - ley, a Plumbeous Vireo was at Billings 13 Jun (REM, BT). Casual in South Dakota, and un - usually far w., a White-eyed Vireo was in Law- rence 26 Jun–4 Jul (DGP). Common Ravens continued their southward march in North Da - kota. A single was in Ransom 5 Jun (MAO), and there were four reports from Billings during the season. Accidental in e. South Dakota in sum - mer, a Brown Creeper was in Charles Mix 22 Jul (RM). Blue-gray Gnatcatchers were again present in sw. Bowman, ND in Jul, the same area where the first nesting for the state was N O R T H E R N G R E AT P L A I N S Southern Great Plains Joseph A. Grzybowski W. Ross Silcock –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T his spring showed patterns of bird distri- bution and phenology that were general- ly "normal" across the Region. Oklahoma experienced some extensive rain and flooding in many areas of the state, but these did not (ph., fide JGJ), 6 in Harper, KS 5 May (EF), one at Quivira 19 May (AB), 2 in Sequoyah, OK 17 May (fide SB), and 2 in Cleveland, OK 13 May (JT, RWr). There were numerous reports of late geese in the Region. Among them, 2 Greater White-fronted Geese were in Payne, OK 23-24 Apr (JLa, TH, FS) and one in Alfalfa, OK 2 May (SL, RC, CW); 2 Snow Geese were in Garfield, OK (JWo) and one in Craig, OK 4 May (JWo); single Ross's Geese were in Payne, OK 20 Apr–3 May (DHi, SL) and in Kearny, KS 2 May (fide CO); and single Cackling Geese were in Alfalfa, OK 2 May (JLa, TH, FS), at Cheyenne Bottoms through 27 May (AB), and in Kearney, NE 26 May (CCh, SP). A blue-morph Ross's Goose x Snow Goose hybrid was in Kearney, NE 7 Mar (NA), a first report for Nebraska. A near- ad. Mute Swan in Buffalo, NE 23 Apr (AF, JGJ) had wintered there; the increasing number of reports of this species in e. Nebraska suggests the possibility of local populations. Trumpeter Swan has become more regular in ne. Oklaho - ma; 1-3 were at locations in Tulsa, OK 17 Mar– 11 Apr (fide JAG); 2 late birds were in Logan, OK 22 May (ZP). Normally a rare late fall and early spring migrant in Nebraska, 2 Tundra Swans wintered in Douglas through 13 Mar (BSc, JR). An apparent Gadwall x Northern Shoveler hy - brid was in Harlan, NE 22 Mar (KS; ph.). Rarely detected as spring migrants in the Region, a male Eurasian Wigeon was in Harlan, NE 1 Apr occur until after mid-May. Across taxa, most species conformed to typical arrival and depar - ture dates and range limits. Research projects produced interesting discoveries, such as with Northern Saw-whet Owls in western Nebraska. Several finch species made odd appearances here and there. The drought cycle lightened, and there were some signs of water and marsh birds moving back into former haunts, but it may be a few years yet before their numbers recover. Some sparrows, particularly the Spi - zella, made poor showings; before the drought years, observers might expect to see hundreds of Chipping and Clay-colored Sparrows in a spring migration period, but these are still re - duced to tens or less. Abbreviations: Cheyenne Bottoms (Cheyenne Bottoms W.M.A., Barton, KS); Hackberry Flat (Hackberry Flat W.M.A., Tillman, OK); McCo - naughy (Lake McConaughy Reservoir, Keith, NE); Quivira (Quivira N.W.R., Stafford, KS); Rainwater Basin (wetland complex in several counties in s.-cen. and se. Nebraska); Red Slough (Red Slough W.M.A., McCurtain, OK). WATERFOWL THROUGH SHOREBIRDS Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks withdrew from much of the Region away from Red Slough in the recent drought years, but they are begin - ning to return. This season saw 16 in Phelps, NE

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