North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 6 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 425 N O R T H E R N C A N A D A & G R E E N L A N D showing in s. Yukon this spring; high counts were of just 100 at Lake Laberge 12 May (CE) and 100 at M'Clintock Bay 13 May (JJ). And what happened to the Long-billed Dowitchers? The season's high count of 45 at Lake Laberge, s. Yukon 13 May (CE) was shockingly low. GULLS THROUGH FINCHES A flock of 8 Sabine's Gulls was a nice surprise at Negus Point, Yellowknife, Northwest Territ - ories 31 May (RH). Bonaparte's Gull numbers were low in s. Yukon this season, with high counts on 2 May of 180 at Lake Laberge (CE) and 160 at Marsh Lake (JJ). Six Ross's Gulls were reported from Nunavutuk, Greenland 23 May (WL). A slight influx of Franklin's Gulls was noted in se. Yukon, with counts of 4-5 at Watson Lake 19-24 May (ph. JJ). The annual migration of Mew Gulls through s. Yukon in - cluded a count of 500 at Lake Laberge 2 May (CE). The season's high counts of Ring-billed Gulls for Northwest Territories were 150 at Fort Smith 19 Apr (DB) and 95 at Yellowknife 4 May (RH). Two California Gulls, casual in se. Yukon, were at Watson Lake 25 May (ph. JJ). A count of 300 Herring Gulls was recorded at Rankin Inlet, Nunavut 13 May (BZ). Glaucous Gull numbers peaked at Arctic Bay, Nunavut with 618 on 24 May (CK), while 100 were tallied at Kugluktuk, Nunavut 31 May (ML). A pair of Caspian Terns, casual in s. Yukon, was at Lake Laberge 15-21 May (ph. CE, PS, BD, SVD). Four Black Terns, just beyond their breeding range, were at Watson Lake, se. Yukon 20 May (JJ). The Arctic Tern colony at Marsh Lake, s. Yukon hosted a total of 90 birds 27 May (CE). Eurasian Collared-Dove is now regular in s. Yukon; singles were seen at Little Salmon Lake 15-18 May (CS), Shallow Bay 17 May+ (ph. MB, PB), Tagish in late May (ph. KR), and Mendenhall 31 May (JV). A pair of Barred Owls was on territory at Albert Creek, the only Yukon location where this species is known to occur regularly, 18 May+ (JJ; BD, ph. CE). An owl survey at Fort Simpson, Northwest Territ - ories produced a Great Gray Owl 19 Apr (DTa). A total of 13 American Kestrels was tallied between Yellowknife and North Arm Park 12 May (RH). A Rufous Hummingbird, rare but regular in s. Yukon, was at Marsh Lake 14 May (RM). Dusky Flycatchers are well established at their treeline breeding habitat on Mount McIntyre, s. Yukon, where a 25 May trip produced a count of 11 (BD, CE). Sixty Horned Larks were at Fort Smith, Northwest Territories 24 May (DB), and 85 were seen at Akimiski Island, Nunavut 31 May (WW). An impressive flock of 800 Tree Swallows was at Shallow Bay, s. Yukon 11 May (BD, CE). A feeding frenzy of 150 Bank Swallows was at the Yukon Wildlife Preserve 30 May (CE, TMK). Extralimital Barn Swallows included 2 at Rankin Inlet, Nunavut 25 May (TB) and one at Ku - gluktuk, Nunavut 30 May (ML). A Townsend's Solitaire, a Nunavut first, was nicely documented at Ku - gluktuk 10 & 12 May (ph. ML). A total of 365 American Robins was tallied along the highway between Enterprise and the Northwest Territories border 5 May (VSG). American Pipit migration peaked at M'Clintock Bay and Lewes Marsh, s. Yukon 11 May with a com - bined count of 975 (JJ). An incredibly low year for Lapland Longspur migrant produced few large flocks with mea - ger high counts of 23 at Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories 16 May (DB, DTa) and 400 at Whitehorse 4 May (EJ). A male Smith's Longspur, very rare on migration in s. Yukon, was at Lewes Marsh 15 May (JB, ph. YL). A Black-and-white Warbler, w. of its regular range, was at Watson Lake, se. Yukon 30 May (TH, PP). The first Bay-breasted and Cape May Warblers of the season, singles of each, were seen at Shale Creek, Northwest Territories 29 May (DTa). Ten Magnolia Warblers, a late spring migrant, were at Fort Simpson 30 May (DTa). Counts of 4 Clay-colored and 2 Le Conte's Sparrows were recorded at Fort Smith, North - west Territories 25 & 28 May; a single Nelson's Sparrow was there 28 May (DB). At Yellowknife, Northwest Territories a Le Conte's Sparrow was seen 30 May (RH). Brewer's Sparrow is a late arrival to s. Yukon; 2 were singing at Mount McIntyre 25 May (BD, CE). A Vesper Sparrow, casual in Northwest Territories, was at Fort Simpson 15 May (DB). An Oregon Junco at Watson Lake 2 Apr (ph. SD) provided a well- documented record for se. Yukon. A Rose- breasted Grosbeak, just w. of its range, was at Albert Creek, se. Yukon 21 May (JJ). Single Yel - low-headed Blackbirds were at Fort Simpson 17 May (ph. DTh, JZ), Yellowknife 18 May (RH), and Carcross, s. Yukon 10 May (DP; ph. CE, BD). Rusty Blackbirds made a weak showing this spring, with high counts of 14 at Niven Lake, Northwest Territories 9 May (RH, RP), 40 at Whitehorse 26 Apr (EJ), and 40 at Lewes Marsh, s. Yukon 6 May (JJ). A substantial flock of 200 Gray-crowned Rosy-Finches, a mix of coastal and interior subspecies, was seen along Windy Arm, s. Yukon 20 & 22 Apr (ph. CE, PS; CE, SVD). The range of Red Crossbill is poorly known in s. Northwest Territories; 20 were at Wood Buffalo N.P. 6 Mar (DB), and 3 were near Edzo 29 Apr (VSG). A flock of 20 Evening Gros - beaks was seen at Fort Smith 21 Mar (DB). Observers (subregional editors in boldface): Tracy Allard, Mary Beattie, Pete Beattie, Freder- ic Beaudry, Jeremy Baumbach, David Britton, Serge Brodeur, Tommy Bruce, Scott Cameron, Hilary Cooke, Boris Dobrowolsky, Susan Drury, Cameron Eckert (Yukon), Nick Guenette, Jim Hawkings, Reid Hildebrandt, Tom Hince, Jukka Jantunen, Ed Jenni, Dan Kemble, Clare Kines (Nunavut), Myles Lamont, Yvette Lepage, Wendy Loya, Richard Mueller, Ted Murphy- Kelly, Wendy Nixon, Mark O'Donoghue, Rhi - annon Pankratz, Dan Patterson, Adam Perri- er, Paul Pratt, Ken Reeder, Chris Schneider, Scott Schuette, Vicki St Germaine, Yammy Stote, Douglas Tate (DTa) (Northwest Terri - tories), Lila Tauzer, Shyloh van Delft, Danielle Thompson (DTh), Pam Sinclair, Jesse Vigliotti, Gary Vizniowski, Walter Wehtje, Yukon Bird Club, Brian Zawadski, Jackie Zinger. –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SUMMER –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– WATERFOWL THROUGH SHOREBIRDS Greenland, fundamentally part of the North American continent, is home to multiple European species; at Zackenberg, for instance, 15 Pink-footed Geese were noted 13 Jul and 42 Barnacle Geese 15 & 17 Jul (ER). Nunavut hosted the largest concentrations of Snow Geese, with 5000 at Nuvugutaq 10 Jun (CK, TK); 2000 were at Bylot Island 26 Jun (DJLB). The season's high count of Brant was 950 at Akimiski Island, Nunavut 7 Jun (FS, WW). An interesting small, dark Cackling Goose provided a first record for Herschel Island, n. Yukon 18-19 Jun (ph. CE). A total of 130 Cackling Geese was reported from Auyuittuq N.P., Nunavut 22 Jul (PD). Confirmed breed - ing records for King Eider are few, so 2 ad. females with 10 young at Storkerson River, Banks Island, Northwest Territories 17 Jul (IF) were noteworthy. In Nunavut, high counts for King Eider, 110 each, were recorded along This Cackling Goose, apparently a first for Herschel Island, Yukon 18-19 (here 18) June 2015, appeared rather dark and small and could represent the minima subspecies. Photograph by Cameron Eckert.

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