North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO3 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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P E L A G I C B I R D S F R O M C R U I S E S H I P S A LO N G T H E PA C I F I C C O A S T 322 N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S NORTHERN PINTAIL (Anas acuta) Recorded regularly out to 35 km of shore, more rarely much farther out, as from re - search vessels (M. P. Force, in litt.). Four were 80 km west of the northern end of Vancouver Island 14 May 2014, presumably migrants heading toward Haida Gwaii or southeastern Alaska. In fall, 4 were well off Coos, OR 17 Sep 2007, a total of 63 were ca. 100-60 km off Clatsop, Tillamook, and Coos, OR 22 Sep 2014, and 9 were ca. 93 km off Tillamook 20 Sep 2016. GREEN-WINGED TEAL (Anas crecca) Beyond 35 km of shore, 10 birds were 94 km off Pacific, WA 8 May 2015. In fall, 5 were well off Coos, OR 17 Sep CANADA GOOSE (Branta canadensis) In fall, 1 was 40 km off Cape Blanco, Curry, OR 10 Nov 2015. MALLARD (Anas platyrhynchos) Beyond 15 km of shore, 1 was ca. 78 km off Lane, OR 10 Nov 2015. NORTHERN SHOVELER (Anas clypeata) Beyond 35 km of shore, 9 were 69 km off Del Norte, CA 30 Apr 2014, 30 were 94 km off Pacific, WA 8 May 2015, 3 were 71 km off Coos, OR 4 May 2016, and 2 were flying northward ca. 204 km west-southwest of the northern end of Vancouver Island 13 May 2016. In fall, 1 was ca. 80 km off Tillamook, OR 22 Sep 2014. Island in late April (e.g., 1200 off mouth of Strait of Juan de Fuca 26 Apr 2016). Farther offshore, a flock of 110 was noted flying northward 82 km off Del Norte, CA 3 May 2013. In fall, 4 were 41 km off Clatsop and 14 were 48 km off Tillamook, OR 21 Sep 2015. Such offshore flocks may involve Aleutian Cackling Geese (B. h. leucopareia), as they are known to cross the northeastern Pacific be - tween southern Alaska and Oregon and Cali- fornia, at least in fall (Gill et al. 1996). The species has been observed from research ves - sels as far as 370 km off northern California in fall (M. P. Force, in litt.). Additional cruise records that likely involved Cackling Geese (but not differentiated from Canada Geese in either case) include a flock of 31 observed 58 km off Humboldt, CA 30 Apr 2014 and a flock of 7 seen 70+ km off Tillamook 25 Sep 2012. Figure 8. One of the rarest birds seen from a cruise ship off the West Coast of the United States was this juvenile Red-legged Kittiwake photographed 99-101 km off both Pacific County, Washington, and Clatsop County, Oregon, on 24 September 2013. It established the tenth accepted record for both states. Photograph by Owen Schmidt.

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