North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 69 of 139

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 244 T E N N E S S E E & K E N T U C K Y TN 3-14 Feb (ph. CWa, NW, m.ob.). Lesser Black-backed Gulls put on an un - precedented showing on the Ohio River at Lou isville, where an ad. was first noted 2 Dec (EHu, JBa, BP) and another was present 15-28 Jan (BP, EHu, BW et al.), but with 3 (2 ads. and a second-cycle bird) there 30 Jan (BP et al.), 4 (2 ads. and 2 second-cycle birds) there 31 Jan (BP et al.), 2 ads. there 2 Feb (BP et al.); 3 (an ad. and 2 second-cycle birds) there 4 Feb (BP et al.); a third-cycle bird there 17 Feb (BP, RL); and an ad. continuing in the area until 28 Feb (BP et al.). Also reported was an ad. on the Ohio River at the mouth of the Licking River, Kenton/Campbell, KY 24 Feb (BW) and one to 3 in the general vicin ity of Kentucky Dam 14 Dec into Mar (HC, ME, BP et al.). As is the norm, up to 4 were found in and around Kentucky Lake, Henry, TN. Elsewhere in Tennessee, an ad. and imm. were at Drakes Creek Marina, Old Hickory Lake, Sumner 1-23 Jan (ph. CAS, m.ob.); an ad. was at Middlepoint Landfill, Rutherford 3 Jan–14 Feb (SZ); and an ad. was at Fort Loudoun Lake, Knox 23 Feb (S&GC), the last furnishing a first county record. Glaucous Gulls put on an excellent showing in Kentucky; an ad. was above Kentucky Dam 15 Jan (ph. RD, SD) with one to 2 first-cycle birds there 16- 17 Jan (RD, BP, BW, JBa, SG, TG) and possibly one of the same birds there 12-15 Feb (BP, JBa, BM); and 2 first-cycle birds were on the Ohio River at Louisville 28-31 Jan (†BP et al.), with an ad. and a third-cycle bird replacing them there 22 Feb into Mar (†BP, ph. BJ et al.). It was also an unprecedented season for Great Black-backed Gulls in the Region, with re ports from five Kentucky and two Tennessee locales: a first-cycle at Britton Ford, Tennessee N.W.R., Henry, TN 12-14 Dec (RS et al.); a first- cycle at Kentucky Dam 14 Dec (BLi, HC, ME); a first-cycle at Drakes Creek Marina, Old Hick - ory Lake, Sumner, TN 16-17 Jan (MSm, FF, ph. KO); one to 2 first-cycle birds on the Ohio River at Louisville 27 Jan–28 Feb (ph. BLo, ph. see Wildlife Refuge, Meigs, TN 4 Jan (fide KC), and 2 were at Brainerd Levee, Hamilton, TN 2 Feb (KC). Sixteen Dunlins were on the Wal - nut Creek embayment of Barren River Lake 26 Dec (JF), and 48 were at Upper Douglas Lake, Cocke, TN (MSl) on the same date. GULLS THROUGH FALCONS An ad. Little Gull was at Woods Reservoir, Franklin, TN 6-10 Feb (ph. MCT, m.ob.). Franklin's Gulls are rare during winter, so an ad. at Douglas Lake, Jefferson, TN 10 Feb (RLK) was noteworthy. An ad. California Gull was at the Falls of the Ohio 28 Feb–1 Mar (ph. BP et al.). An estimated 20,000 Ring-billed Gulls on Kentucky Lake above the dam, Livingston/Mar - shall, KY 15-16 Jan (RD, BW et al.) was a nota- ble high count. Good numbers of Herring Gulls arrived in the Region during mid-Jan, with a noteworthy high count of ca. 2000 at Kentucky Dam 15-16 Jan (RD, BW et al.). There was at least one report of a gull that appeared to be a "good" Thayer's Gull in Kentucky; it was an ad. at Kentucky Dam 12 Feb (BP, ph. JBa) with perhaps the same individual lingering to 24/26 Feb (HC). Presumed Thayer's Gull x Iceland Gull intergrades continue to muddle the pic - ture of pale-winged gulls in the Region. This season there were three ambiguous birds: an ad. that appeared to be an intergrade or a pale Thayer's Gull at Kentucky Dam 16 Jan (ph. BP et al.); a third-cycle bird at Kentucky Dam 31 Jan/12 Feb (HC, JP; ph. BP, ph. JBa) that was pale enough that it could have been a cross with Iceland Gull; and a first-cycle bird that also appeared intermediate on the Ohio River at Louisville 2 Feb (†BP et al.). Three Iceland Gulls were found during the season: a very pale first-cycle bird on the Ohio River at Louisville 28 Jan (†BP, RL), with likely the same bird there and at the Falls of the Ohio 22 Feb into Mar (BP, ph. JBa et al.); a first-cycle bird at Kentucky Dam 8-12 Feb (ph. HC, JP et al.); and a first- cycle bird at Middlepoint Landfill, Rutherford, reports of Rough-legged Hawk in Kentucky: in Greenup 23-24 Dec (RCa, SF), w. Daviess 4 Jan (JSo), and Boone 17-31 Jan (LMcN et al.). The only one reported in Tennessee was from Indian Mound, Stewart 13 Feb (JHa). Golden Eagles continued their strong winter presence across the Region again this winter, with re - ports of one to 4 at eight Kentucky and eight Tennessee locales. Two Common Gallinules at John Sevier Lake 21 Jan–18 Feb (ph. SHu) established only the second winter record for Tennessee. One to 2 Virginia Rails were heard at three traditional wintering locales in se. Muh len berg, KY 1 Jan (BP). In Tennessee, Virginia Rails were present through the period at Standifer Gap Marsh, Hamilton, with a high of 3 on 20 Dec (DPa); 2 were in Savannah Bottoms, Hardin 29 Dec (DSi); and one was in Grainger 19 Jan (m.ob.). Sandhill Cranes moved back and forth across the Region in response to periods of varying weather conditions during the season. At Bar - ren River Lake, an early season peak count of 8600 occurred 8 Dec (WT), but only about 900 were there 9 Feb (WT). However, the arrival of frigid weather during mid-Feb stalled north - ward migration, resulting in a late-season peak of ca. 5000 there 23 Feb (WT). Similarly, w. of Cecilia, Hardin, KY, 1500 were there by 4 Dec (CL), but only 33 were there 6 Jan (EHa) and the period of frigid mid-Feb weather resulted in birds amassing there, with 12,100 counted 4 Feb (CL) and 15,300 counted 24 Feb (EHa). At Hiwassee Wildlife Refuge, Meigs, TN the high count recorded was 11,238 on the C.B.C. there 3 Jan (fide KC), but because the birds had exhausted the supply of corn inside the refuge and thus were dispersing more widely, the number of individuals in the area was likely higher. A concentration of 1500 Killdeer in the Elam Rd. area of Obion, TN 29 Dec (MG) established a new winter high count for the state and the second highest count recorded for any season. A presumed early mi grant Lesser Yellowlegs was at Ballard W.M.A., Ballard, KY 10 Feb (GB). Sixteen Least Sandpipers were at Hiwas - Northern Goshawks are rare winter visitors to Tennessee, very seldom well documented. This immature in Obion County 22 January 2015 is one of only a handful of records documented by photograph for the state. Photograph by Mark Greene. These two Common Gallinules at John Sevier Lake, Hawkins County, present 21 January (here) through 18 February 2015, established only the second winter record for Tennessee. Photograph by Susan Hubley.

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