North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 64 of 139

V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 6 ) • N U M B E R 2 239 W E S T E R N G R E AT L A K E S Marsh, John McCoy (JM), Chris McCreedy (CMc), Brian McGee (BMc), Kathi Mehls, Steve P. Millard (SPM), David F. Neitzel, Brad Nelson II (BN), Elliot Nelson, Clinton Nienhaus, An - drew Nyhus, Steve Oakley, Alec Olivier, Karl Overman, Charles Owens, Bob Paetschow, Jim Peterson (JPe), Sheree Peterson (SP), Susan L. Plankis (SLP), Curt Powell, Tom Prestby, Jerry Pruett (JP), Jean Reynold, Kim & Cindy Risen (KCR), Joe Schaufenbuel, Rod Schmidt, Chace Scholten, Luke Seitz, Dennis Shepler, Andrew D. Smith, Brian T. Smith, Kevin D. Smith, Jo - seph M. Soehnel (JMS), Shelley A. Steva, Dan A. Tallman (DAT), Wendy Tatar, Scott Terry (ST), Daryl Tessen (DT), Kevin Tollenaere, Sarah Ton - er (STo), Dale Trexel (DTr), Dan Versaw, Kevin Vande Vusse (KVV), Will Weber, Garrett Wee, Laura Wentz, Steve Weston, Erik Weyhrauch, Chris L. Wood, Jonathan T. Wuepper, Gerald Ziarno. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Adam M. Byrne, 11771 Rachel Lane, DeWitt, Michigan 48820 ( Herb H. Dingmann, Patrick Doran, Kim R. Eck- ert, Jeff Eddy, Stephanie Ehlers, Rob Emelander, Carol Ersepke, Monica K. Essenmacher, Audrey Etienne, Dave Evans, Bruce A. Fall, Deborah Fellows, Joshua Forrester, Amanda Gauthier, Ju - lie Gidwitz, Matthew D. Gould, William Grigg, Dan & Pan Guynn (DPG), Clifford Hansen, Roger Hanson (RHa), Gerry Hawkins (GHa), Michael L. Hendrickson (MLH), Steve Hennes (SH), Tom Hince, James Hoefler (JH), Rich - ard Hoeg (RH), Gerald Hoekstra (GH), Sarah Holger (SHo), Daryl Hrdlicka, Mark & Joanie Hubinger (MJH), Bonnie E. Hughes, Matthew K. Hysell (MKH), Marshall Iliff (MIl), Paul E. Jantscher, Gretchen Johnson, Rhoda Johnson, Jeanie M. Joppru, Cathy Kelder, Bob Kemp (BK), Tom Kemp (TK), Ted R. Keyel (TRK), Si - mon Kiacz, Jack & Beverly Kirby (JBK), Randall Kling, Jan & Larry Kraemer (JLK), David Krag - ness, Jeff Kunitzer (JK), Joseph Lautenbach (JL), Darrell Lawson, James W. Lind (JWL), Al Loken, Kristi Lund, Steven Malcolm (SM), Carl Man - ning (CM), Mary Lou Marchand (MLM), Dawn with them good numbers of Hoary Redpolls! In Minnesota, Hoary Redpolls were found widely n. of a line from Clay to Pine, plus one in Da - kota 28 Feb (DFN); peak counts were from St. Louis, with 10 on 25 Jan (CN) and 6 on 7 Feb (DTr, JE). Wisconsin reported Hoary Redpolls from 14 counties, with the best numbers in the state's extreme nw. portion. Michigan hosted Hoary Redpolls in at least 10 counties, includ - ing southerly records in Huron 20 Jan (CMc), Lenawee 21 Jan–22 Feb (CO), and Macomb 21- 27 Feb (BMc, m.ob.). Contributors (subregional editors in boldface): Brandon Aho (BAh), Brad Anderson (BA), Ron A. Annelin, Deaver Armstrong, Sandy Aubol, Steve Baker (SB), Karl J. Bardon, Patrick B. Beauzay (PBB), Olivia & Stuart Beebe (OSB), Dedrick Benz, Greg Bodker, Ray Bontrager (RBo), Ryan Brady (RyB), John Brenneman, Rick Brigham (RB), Barb Brockway, Paul E. Budde (PEB), Adam M. Byrne, Allen T. Charti - er, Shawn Conrad, Barbara Cook, Tim Cornish, Arctic front that dropped temperatures consid- erably, but by 15 January, a Pacific front moved in, once again giving Missouri above-average temperatures, making it two consecutive win - ter months with temperatures that exceeded the averages. Precipitation was low across the state. Only one small snow event occurred in January on a line from Kansas City to Hannibal 3-4 January. February was bitterly cold, some 8º below normal, with an average temperature of 26º. Some of the coldest temperatures were in the southeastern corner of the state, with three consecutive nights in mid-February with lows well below zero. There were four signifi - cant snow events in February, with 15 cm (6 in.) across most of the state, and up twice that in northern and southeastern areas. Highlights of the season in Iowa were Harle - quin Duck, California Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Say's Phoebe, Bohemian Waxwing, and Pine Grosbeak. Seasonal highlights in Missouri included California, Glaucous, Great Black- backed, Iceland, and Ivory Gulls, an overwin - tering Inca Dove, Common Redpoll, Hoary Redpoll, and Red Crossbill. Northern Goshawk appeared on two Christmas Bird Counts, Pur - ple Finches and Pine Siskins were widespread, and a number of warbler species were repre - sented, including a Cape May Warbler. WATERFOWL The highest number for Greater White-fronted migration was very slow to get started again this year, with a few records of single or very small numbers of most species beginning in middle to late February. Numbers of most gal - linaceous bird species were still on the low side; only Wild Turkey was reported in average numbers or better. Most gull reports came dur - ing December and January. Snowy Owls were found in average or higher numbers again this year, and Northern Saw-whet Owls were rela - tively well reported from the usual sites. Winter finch numbers were up from last season, with notable reports of both crossbills, Common Redpolls, and Pine Siskins. Eurasian Tree Spar - rows continue to expand their range, with sin- gles found in Poweshiek, Benton, and Marion Counties in Iowa. In Missouri, winter started off in mild in De - cember, with an overall average temperature of 36º F, which is 3º above the long-term average and quite in contrast to the coldest December in 35 years experienced in 2013. Although temperatures were up, the sunshine was not; December had the fewest sunny days in the past two decades, with Columbia logging 27 days of cloudy or partly cloudy weather. Pre - cipitation in the northern third of Missouri was low; southwestern, east-central, and southeast - ern portions of the state had a bit more. The only notable snowfall was just north of Kansas City 17-18 December, when up to 13 cm (5 in.) of snow fell overnight. January ushered in an Francis L. Moore –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T his winter season in Iowa had above- normal temperatures in December and January and below-normal temperatures in February, with below-normal precipitation during the first two months and above-normal precipitation in February. Most waterfowl re - ports were from December and January, with only a few records from a few days in Febru - ary in Iowa. Many Trumpeter Swan during the period indicate that this species is prospering in Iowa. Unlike in warmer winters, northward Iowa & Missouri

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