North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 63 of 139

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 238 W E S T E R N G R E AT L A K E S ping Sparrows were found in at least six Michi- gan counties, with the northernmost record in Manistee 14 Dec–7 Feb (BP). A Chipping Spar - row overwintered in Minnesota's Winona (JPe, SHo, JP, AN), and another was in Meeker 2 Jan (BN). Representing another Michigan first win - ter record was a Clay-colored Sparrow that lingered in Ingham through 4 Jan (DM, PD, m.ob.). A Lark Sparrow graced Eau Claire, WI 26 Jan (DK), providing Wisconsin its second winter record. Savannah Sparrows were found in Michigan's Macomb 4 Dec (BAh), St. Clair 16 Jan (TH), and Saginaw 31 Jan (STo). Other hardy sparrows were a northerly Song Sparrow in Clay, MN 20 Dec (PBB) and a Lincoln's Spar - row in Macomb, MI 18 Dec (RK). Harris's Spar- rows went undetected until 15 Feb in Minneso- ta, after which singles were in Chisago, Jackson, and Nobles. Michigan had Harris's Sparrows in Kalamazoo 25 Dec+ (SM) and Huron 6 Feb+ (JM, m.ob.), while Wisconsin hosted only one in Columbia 1-16 Dec (LW). Minnesota had White-crowned Sparrows in Olmsted 20 Dec (CH), St. Louis 20 Dec (KRE) and 1 Jan (SLP), and Goodhue 28 Dec (DAT). Minnesota's Gold - en-crowned Sparrow from fall fed at a Duluth feeder throughout the season. A late migrant Yellow-headed Blackbird was in Brown, MN 13 Dec (BTS). Rusty Blackbirds were reported from four s. Minnesota coun - ties, with the last report of 4 in Murray 23 Jan (DH); Michigan birders found Rusty Black - birds in eight counties, including a rare Upper Peninsula record in Chippewa 29 Dec (EN). Wisconsin's third Brambling spent only a few hours at a feeder in Bayfield 26 Jan (OSB). Pine Grosbeaks were present, but in relatively low numbers. Minnesota had its fewest number in 25 years, with reports from only eight coun - ties. Wisconsin had scattered small flocks, in eight n. counties. Pine Grosbeaks were wide - spread in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, but in low numbers, and some drifted down to the northernmost Lower Peninsula. Low num - bers of Red Crossbills were found in 11 Wis- consin counties, mostly to the north, with the lone outlier being a flock of 150 in Burnett 8 Feb (MR, WM). Minnesota and Michigan re - ported Red Crossbills in seven and five coun- ties, respectively. White-winged Crossbills were found mostly in the Region's n. sections, with exceptions being singles in Anoka, MN 11-28 Dec (DPG) and Oakland, MI 17-18 Feb (EW). Common Redpolls were widespread, bringing Titmouse in Marquette 20 Feb+ (JR) was very rare for Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Minnesota had northerly titmice in Anoka 14 Dec (SW) and Washington 24 Dec (SH). Minnesota also had 3 Winter Wrens in Hennepin, 5 Carolina Wrens in four counties, and a very late Ruby- crowned Kinglet in Hennepin 10 Jan (SO). Up to 2 Townsend's Solitaires were observed in Berrien through 10 Feb (BA, m.ob.); additional Michigan solitaires were singles in Chippewa 28 Jan–8 Feb (AE, GZ, m.ob.) and Oscoda 28 Feb (RBo, m.ob.). Minnesota and Wisconsin bird - ers found solitaires in six and four counties, respectively. Minnesota again reported very few Varied Thrushes, with only 5 individuals. Wisconsin had 4 Varied Thrushes in as many counties, while Michigan had singles in Mont - morency 17 Dec–14 Feb (CK), Cass 31 Jan+ (BC), and Kalamazoo 15 Jan–26 Feb (fide JB). Above average were more than 10 Gray Cat - birds in 10 Michigan counties, including very unusual Upper Peninsula reports in Schoolcraft from fall through 29 Dec (RAA), in Mackinac 18 Dec (SB) and 19-31 Dec (BB), and in On - tonagon 9 Feb (BEH). Michigan also reported Brown Thrashers in St. Clair 5 Dec (TH) and Alpena 20 Dec (WG), while Minnesota had Dec reports of thrashers in four counties, with one lingering through 3 Jan in Ramsey (SE). Min - nesota and Wisconsin each had single North- ern Mockingbirds in Beltrami 1 Jan (MLM) and Oconto 1 Dec (TP), respectively. Michigan bird - ers found mockingbirds in nine counties, with a northerly record in Isabella 24 Jan (KT). The only American Pipit was in Wayne, MI 17 Jan (AMB). Minnesota reported Bohemian Wax - wings as far s. as Carlton and Crow Wing, but from only 12 counties, the fewest since 2008. Wisconsin had Bohemian Waxwings in 16 n. counties, with peaks of 300 in Bayfield 25 Jan (RyB) and Door 7 Feb (CL). Hardy warblers in Michigan were an Orange-crowned Warbler in Huron 16 Dec (TH), a Nashville Warbler in Wayne 11 Dec (KO), Common Yellowthroats in St. Clair 5 Dec (TH) and Monroe 28 Dec (AMB), and Pine Warblers in Kent 27 Dec (RE) and Washtenaw 5 Jan (DA). Minnesota had Yellow- rumped Warblers in Hennepin 2 & 16 Dec (BAF) and Lyon 11 Jan (GW). Above average were Eastern Towhees in at least 16 Michigan counties, including a rare Upper Peninsula record in Chippewa 27 Dec–22 Feb (GL, WT, m.ob.); Minnesota had a single towhee in Olmsted 11 Jan (JP). Chip - Gulls through 19 Feb, with a peak of 15 on 21 Dec (KJB); s. Minnesota's last report was of 2 in Dakota 2 Jan (ADS, AN). Two first-cycle and an ad. Iceland Gull were in Duluth, while Dakota hosted an ad. 31 Dec (MIl) and a first-cycle 31 Dec–2 Jan (MIl, ADS, AN). Michigan birders reported Thayer's and Iceland Gulls from seven and nine counties, respectively. White-winged gull identification remains complicated in the Great Lakes region, with multiple birds pre - senting a mix of intermediate traits found an- nually, something still lost on many observers. In Duluth, Bardon reported a first-cycle and 2 ad. Thayer's/Iceland Gull intergrades 21 Dec; a first-cycle bird and an ad. were also reported in late Jan and early Feb in the same area. Min - nesota's only Lesser Black-backed Gull was in Hennepin 25 Dec (PEB). For the ninth con - secutive winter season, the Region has hosted a Slaty-backed Gull; this year's representative was in Wayne, MI 28 Dec–2 Jan (AMB, ST, CP). Glaucous Gulls were reported from four Min - nesota counties, with a peak of 29 at Duluth 21 Dec (KJB). Aside from 4 Great Black-backed Gulls lingering at Duluth through 9 Feb, Min - nesota had only one other report in Lake 7 Feb (CN). While not uncommon in Minnesota or Wis - consin, Eurasian Collared-Doves remain re- markably rare in Michigan; this winter's only report was a continuing bird in Berrien. Min - nesota's Northern Hawk Owl reports included one in Marshall 18 Dec–1 Feb (JMJ, m.ob.), one in Red Lake 20 Jan–2 Feb (fide JMJ), one in Pen - nington 2 Feb (SAS), and a peak of 10 in Roseau 24 Feb (fide JMJ). Wisconsin had hawk owls in Eau Claire 9 Dec+ (RS), Polk 16 Jan–6 Feb (GJ), and Chippewa 28 Jan–21 Feb (KL, KM), while Michigan had only one in Chippewa 11- 13 Dec (SB, DL). Great Gray Owls were scarce, and the only Boreal Owl was in Oneida, WI 7 Feb (CE). Noteworthy in Wisconsin was an American Three-toed Woodpecker in Burnett 3 Dec–15 Jan (JH); Minnesota had singles in Lake, Lake of the Woods, and St. Louis. A Gyrfal - con, originally banded at the same location in 2003, was found in Douglas, WI 4 Feb+ (DE); Michigan had a single Gyrfalcon in Chippewa 14 Feb (DL, WT). PASSERINES Late were Eastern Phoebes in Michigan's Ka- lamazoo 14 Dec (MDG), Midland 5 Jan (MKE), and Washtenaw 23 Jan–11 Feb. A White-eyed Vireo in Jackson/Washtenaw 21 Dec (CMc) was Michigan's first winter record. The only Tree Swallow was in Monroe, MI 14 Dec (ATC, STo, WW). Wisconsin hosted Black-billed Magpies in Douglas 27 Jan (SP) and Bayfield 22 Feb (RyB). Boreal Chickadees were found in their normal northerly haunts, but a Tufted SA What may be considered an "echo" of last winter's invasion, Snowy Owls were again re- ported in large numbers. By mid-Feb, Wisconsin birders had tallied over 239 individuals, compared to last year's 224. Michigan had reports from 54 counties, with an impressive peak of 28 within a few square km in Chippewa 5 Dec (SB, JBK). Numbers were lower in Minnesota, but still well above average, with reports from 43 counties and a peak of 6 in Polk 22 Feb (SA).

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