North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 54 of 139

V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 6 ) • N U M B E R 2 229 O N TA R I O Ontario, but the extensive wintry conditions prevented any from being reported later than 24 Dec. A late Blue-gray Gnatcatcher was dis - covered at Port Weller, Niagara 1 Dec (BMD). At least 3 Ruby-crowned Kinglets attempted to overwinter at Rondeau P.P. (m.ob.), with one lingering until 31 Jan (BAM). It was a good winter for Townsend's Solitaires in Thunder Bay, with 4 birds reported at various locations. Ad - ditionally, one was at Bailieboro, Peterborough/ Northumberland 23 Nov–7 Dec (IR, m.ob.). A very late Swainson's Thrush was at Ottawa 7 Dec (BMc). Varied Thrushes put in a good showing, with at least 9 birds found at various locations throughout the province. Notable for the date and the northerly locale, a Gray Cat - bird was at Elk Lake, Timiskaming 1-12 Dec (CS al.). A Brown Thrasher was reported at a feeder at Geraldton, Thunder Bay, continuing from the previous period until 9 Jan (JER). Especially notable due to the general absence of Bohe - mian Waxwings in s. Ontario this winter, one was found at Wheatley P.P. 22 Dec (IMR, SNB). A Black-and-white Warbler at Toronto 14- 17 Dec (TF) was likely the same bird at nearby Ashbridges Bay Park, Toronto 23 Dec (LP). A Tennessee Warbler that persisted at Sedgewick Park in Oakville 27 Nov–6 Jan (LPM, LMT) provided the first winter record for Ontario; one recorded at Point Pelee 12 Dec 1981 is cat - egorized as a late-fall migrant (fide AW). The harsh winter likely prevented many Common Yellowthroats from lingering in the province; the latest reported was an individual at Colonel Sam Smith Park, Toronto 27 Dec (DIP). A Cape May Warbler attended a feeder at Belleville, Hastings 22 Nov–31 Dec (RJB), while another visited a feeder at Markham, York 7 Dec–12 Feb (MO). Representing the second winter–period record for the H.S.A., a Northern Parula was at Sedgewick Park in Oakville 16 Nov–6 Dec (BO, m.ob.). Yet another late warbler in the H.S.A. was a Palm Warbler at Bayfront Park, Hamilton were reported s. of Sault Ste. Marie or Sudbury. Rare for the G.T.A., a Boreal Owl was discov - ered at Toronto 4 Jan (LP, EG). Several Boreal Owls were also observed near bird feeders from Thunder Bay and Greater Sudbury. Unusual for Manitoulin, 2 imm. Red-headed Woodpeckers wintered at Mindemoya 14 Dec– 28 Feb+ (RW). Red-bellied Woodpeckers have expanded northward in the past few decades in Ontario and are now uncommon but regular in Rainy River and Thunder Bay. At least 4 at - tended bird feeders in Thunder Bay this winter. Two American Three-toed Woodpeckers were observed s. of their usual range, including in - dividuals at Cumberland Forest, Ottawa 20 Dec (JSp) and Lake-on-the-Mountain, Prince Edward 18 Dec (PMSS). Black-backed Wood - peckers pushed southward in moderate num- bers during the winter. Some of the southern- most individuals recorded were at Claremont C.A., Durham 19-24 Feb (fide DM), Ganaraska Forest, Durham 20 Dec (RRP), and Kingston 14 Dec–27 Jan (EDB et al.). The Ottawa Bird - ing Area had the largest wintering number of Black-backed Woodpeckers in many years, with at least 15 throughout the area. FALCONS THROUGH WARBLERS Gyrfalcons were reported in several locations throughout Ontario, though most were at tra - ditional locations in Greater Sudbury, Thunder Bay, and Manitoulin. Single individuals were also reported at the Laflèche landfill 3 Jan–28 Feb+ (JMB, LS), Carp, Ottawa 3 Jan (RPH), Mountain, Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry 18 Jan (PDP, SM), Embrun S.L., Prescott and Russell 29 Jan (PS), and Wolfe Island 22 Jan (RoB). Re - cord late for Point Pelee, a juv. Peregrine Falcon was at Sturgeon Creek 28 Dec (RPC). Several late Eastern Phoebes were observed into Dec in s. Ontario; perhaps the most unusual was one found at Owen Sound, Grey 3 Jan (ST). Quite uncommon for the winter period, a White-eyed Vireo was at Hamilton 20 Dec (JSP), while an - other was at Toronto Islands 14-21 Dec (MHC et al.). Marking the second county record, a Fish Crow was at Waterloo 26 Jan (KGDB). For the fourth straight winter, Fish Crows were re - ported from Fort Erie, as up to 2 were present throughout the period (m.ob.). Common Ra - ven sightings continue to increase in the south; notable were singles at Queenston 10 Feb (DIP) and nw. Middlesex 27 Jan (JPC). Unusual in Prescott and Russell, up to 3 Bo - real Chickadees attended a feeder at Vankleek Hill late Jan–28 Feb+ (JMB, CB, BM). An - other was near Cannamore, Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry 18 Feb (PS). For the second straight winter, a Tufted Titmouse was present at St. Marys, Perth 20 Dec–16 Feb (EJ). Sev - eral Marsh Wrens lingered into early Dec in s. at Bracebridge, Muskoka 20-21 Dec (BLT, RMB). A flock of approximately 250 Sandhill Cranes over Erie Beach, Chatham-Kent 25 Jan (SRC) was locally a record high count and very late for the Rondeau Birding Area. Later the same day, this flock was then observed at Wheatley, Chatham- Kent (PDP), record late and also a record high count for Point Pelee. Shorebirds were poorly represented during the winter season, with only six species re - ported, undoubtedly a result of the harsh win- ter. Only 5 Purple Sandpipers were reported, all at traditional locations along the shores of Lake Ontario and above Niagara Falls. A late Dunlin was at Rondeau P.P. 14-17 Dec (BAM, Joshua R. Bouman), while another was above Niagara Falls 30 Dec (KCH). Two Red Phala - ropes were discovered in Prince Edward: one at North Beach P.P. 5 Dec (SG, IR) and another at Sandbanks P.P. 7 Dec (RJB). GULLS THROUGH WOODPECKERS A Bonaparte's Gull in breeding plumage was at Wheatley Harbour 8 Nov–2 Jan (KAM, PDP, BAM et al.). Little Gulls had all but departed the Great Lakes by early Dec, but 8 were found at Sandbanks P.P. 7 Dec (TLH). Later reports for Lake Erie included one at Long Point 20 Dec (SAM, CAF) and 3 at Fort Erie, Niagara 1 Jan (MLJ, TAS). No California Gulls were reported for the first winter since at least 2004-2005. Large numbers of Glaucous Gulls wintered in se. Ontario, including a maximum count of 120 at the LaFlèche landfill, Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry 18 Jan (m.ob.). Exceptional for the late date, a Forster's Tern was at Rondeau Bay 14 Dec (JPC, DSk). An imm. Pomarine Jaeger at Van Wagners Beach, Hamilton 26 Dec (WFS et al.) furnished the only report during the period. Eurasian Collared-Dove reports have in- creased in frequency over the past decade, but the species is still quite rare in Ontario. The first record for Waterloo was provided by a single bird at Erbsville 20 Dec (MVAB, KGDB, EPB, DJB). The pair of Eurasian Collared-Doves first found at Leamington, Essex 24 Aug contin - ued until 11 Jan (m.ob.). Presumably one of the above birds was discovered at Point Pelee N.P. 2 Dec (AGC, PBH). A White-winged Dove at Beachburg, Renfrew 13 Jan (BMo) provided just the third winter record for Ontario. For the sec - ond winter in a row, a large number of Snowy Owls infiltrated s. Ontario. High counts in local areas included 20 in Hamilton and 24 in Prince Edward throughout the period (m.ob.), 22 at Wolfe Island, Frontenac 14 Jan (BLM), 19 dur - ing the Long Point C.B.C. 20 Dec (m.ob.), and 25 on the Rondeau C.B.C. 14 Dec (m.ob.), in - cluding 13 at Shrewsbury, Chatham-Kent (AW, MWJ). Northern Hawk Owls and Great Gray Owls remained north this winter, and none Cape May Warblers are very rare during the winter period, and most reports consist of birds visiting suet feeders. Two individuals were visiting feeders this winter, including this bird at Markham, York Region from 7 (here 11) December 2014 through 12 February 2015. With the efforts of the homeown - ers, the bird was able to survive through several months of the very harsh winter, making use of a heated bird hide and continuous food supply. Photograph by Miranda O'Hare.

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