North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 129 of 139

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 304 C E N T R A L A M E R I C A seen at Coatepeque, Quetzaltenango 3 Jan (MR). In Belize, an impressive 5 Bare-crowned Ant - birds were observed feeding at an ant swarm along the banks of the Río Grande in Big Falls, Toledo 9 Jan (SC, NB). A White-ringed Fly - catcher, common in the Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua, was unexpected at 1500 m in the El Jaguar Reserve, Jinotega 26-28 Jan (LCD, GD, MS). Two Fork-tailed Flycatchers at Finca Valle Verde 9 km s. of Sebol, Alta Verapaz 10 Jan (MN) were at a new locality for this open- habitat species that is extending its range fol - lowing decades of deforestation. Rare and sel- dom reported in Nicaragua, an impressive 150 Violet-green Swallows were observed near San Rafael del Norte, Jinotega 4 Jan (LCD, GD, SP), and 3 were seen in the same area 29 Jan (LCD, CS). Two Cave Swallows seen at Tisma Lagoon, Masaya 14 Feb (HY, ph. JS) were only the sec - ond reported in eBird from Nicaragua. Establishing a new locality record, Rock Wrens were observed several times during the winter at Volcán Cerro Quemado (Volcán Candelaria), Quetzaltenango and the surround - ing area, including Baños Termales Los Vahos, as follows: one on 12 Dec (JPC, AV), 2 on 25 Dec (FM), and one on 27 Dec (JB, KVV). In Guatemala, Giant Wren continues to be record - ed in San Marcos, where 2 were seen near La Blanca 5 (ph. MR, CE), 28 (KVV), & 29 Dec (JB). In Panama, 2 Bicolored Wrens recorded initially in Aug 2014 at Yaviza, Darién contin - ued through at least 22 Feb when they were observed being followed by a dependent fledg - ling at the Yaviza Cemetery (ph. vt. LL, CL, JD). GNATCATCHERS THROUGH WARBLERS Blue-gray Gnatcatcher winters commonly s. to w. Honduras but is rare farther e. and s. of there; thus, one near Tegucigalpa 16 Feb (RJ, ph. JvD) was noteworthy. Seldom reported in the Region, American Pipits were recorded in two localities this winter. In Guatemala, 4 were found at Finca Tamashan 3 Feb (ph. MR), and in El Salvador, one was at Bocana Río Jiboa 26 Dec (ph. EnC). The former provided the fourth record for Guatemala, and the latter, a first for La Paz, was only the fourth for El Salvador. A flock of about 50 Cedar Waxwings observed in a pine-oak forest in San Rafael del Norte Dec 30 (LCD, GD, MS) provided the only report for Central America this winter. A Nashville Warbler well seen from Los Naranjos Archaeological Park boardwalk at Lake Yojoa 17 Jan (FC, MB, JA, RJ, JvD) was at the extreme s. end of its winter range in w. Honduras, but one 9 Jan in Costa Rica at Curi- Cancha Refugio de Vida Silvestre, Puntarenas (ACa) was considerably farther south. Cape May Warbler is one of several warblers that winters almost exclusively in the West Indies found 14 Dec s. of Las Guacamayas Biologi - cal Station in Laguna del Tigre N.P., Petén (ph. JPC, HM, ABL), the same site where one was recorded repeatedly in 2013 (K. Eisermann). The only other place it has been recorded as far n. in Petén is at Yaxhá. Three Chuck-will's-wid - ows were seen at Monterrico 7 (KE, CAv) & 15 Jan (KE et al.). There are few winter records for Guatemala and n. Central America. According to the literature, at least some Yucatan Nightjars are migratory; however, records away from the Yucatan Peninsula are sparse. Thus, 3 at Cuero y Salado Reserve, Atlántida on the n. coast of Honduras 14 Feb were unexpected (ph. JaZ). A Great Potoo found dead on the Southern Hwy. near Golden Stream Village, Toledo 31 Jan (ph. GC et al.) established a new site record for this recently discovered local resident of s. Belize. Providing one of the few records for Panama, an ad. male and juv. Ruby-topaz Hummingbird were seen 30 Jan+ at the Canopy Camp, Darién (ph. IQ), with continued sightings by various observers until at least 15 Feb (CM). Seldom found in the lowlands, a Stripe-cheeked Wood - pecker was seen 31 Jan at the San Fran- cisco Reserve, Panamá (ph. IQ). And in Darién, a pair of Spot-breasted Woodpeck - ers seen 6 Jan near the Río Iglesias (GA, WA) was at a new locality. FALCONS THROUGH WRENS Two Aplomado Falcons seen 9 km s. of Paso Caballo, Petén 13 Dec (ph. KVV, JPC, HM) were the first to be photographically documented in Guatemala. One was at the same site 20-21 Jan (ph. MOv). Outside the Moskitia, this species is an exceptional find in Honduras. Noteworthy, therefore, was a juv. seen near Choluteca, Choluteca 5 Feb (ph. ME), the first to be found on the country's Pacific slope. In Costa Rica, one was admired by 18 observers n. of Cano Negro, Alajuela 15 Feb (ph. AR et al.). Rare and local on the Guatemalan Pa - cific slope, a Ruddy Woodcreeper was de Mencos 16 Dec (JPC). Elsewhere in Guate - mala, one was near Tulumajillo (MR) 23 Feb, providing the first record for El Progreso. In nw. coastal Honduras, 2 were seen along a beach at Miami in Jeanette Kawas N.P., Atlántida 23 Feb (ph. HP), where local fishermen reported that the "new dove" is already breeding locally. After repeated observations of Mangrove Cuckoo in Quetzaltenango, Quetzaltenango in fall 2010, one was seen at the same site 2-4 Dec (HS). Another Mangrove Cuckoo well in - land near Nentón, Huehuetenango 19 Jan (KE) was also noteworthy. Unprecedented was a juv. Black-billed Cuckoo found along Pipeline Road, Soberanía N.P., Colón 24 Jan (ph. CB, JO). This was the first to be recorded in Panama in winter and may represent only the second docu - mented midwinter record for all of North Amer- ica, the other being a well-described bird seen in Oaxaca 11 Feb 2009 (fide Manuel Grosselet). In Guatemala, a Stygian Owl was heard at Finca El Pilar, Sacatepéquez 16 Dec (KE, DE, LE), a new locality of record for this uncom - mon species. A Short-tailed Nighthawk was These two Aplomado Falcons found 9 kilometers south of Paso Caballo on 13 December 2014 were the first to be photographically documented in Guatemala. One of the two was still present 21 January 2015. Photograph by Kevin Vande Vusse. Eurasian Collared-Dove has yet to colonize humid tropical regions in the Neotropics, the handful of isolated records from Costa Rica notwithstanding. It has now colonized most urban areas in Belize, the glaring exception being decidedly more tropical Punta Gorda in the far south, and it appears to be colonizing northern portions of Petén District in Guatemala. This individual found in northern Honduras near Tela on 23 February 2015 may be the harbinger of this species' spread into more humid regions of the tropics. Photograph by Helder Pérez.

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