North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

Issue link: http://nab.aba.org/i/705084

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N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 280 G R E AT B A S I N Kathy Beyer, Jim Boone, Jeff Cooper, Darlene Feener, Rick Fridell, Kenny Frisch, Stephanie Greenwood, Mike Hearall, Steve Hedges, Brian Heilmann, David Henderson, Dave Hubbard (DHu), Ron Hudson, Paul Hurtado, Norm Jen - son, Jim Karpowitz, David Kozlovsky, Shawn Langston, Michael Lester, Rob Lowry, Carl Lundblad, Keeli Marvel, Karen & Neil Mc - Donal, Dave McNinch, Martin Meyers, Chris Nicolai, Christina Nycek (CNy), Bryant Ol - sen, Norm Parrish, Matthew Pendleton, Fred Peterson, Alan de Queiroz (AdQ), Cameron Rognan, John Ruckdeschel, Martin Schijf, Mike Schijf (MSc), Greg Scyphers, Dennis & Re - becca Serdehely, Bryan Shirley, Margaret Sloan (MSl), Weston Smith, Steve & Cindy Sommer - feld, Justin Streit, Rose Strickland, Carolyn & Richard Titus, Alan Wallace, Kendall Watkins (KWa), Kevin Wheeler, Terrol Williams, Steve Wolfe, Andrea Wuenshel (AWu), Ben Zyla. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Rick Fridell, 3505 West 290 North, Hurricane, Utah 84737(rfridell@burgoyne.com) 19 Nov, remained at University Farms, Reno, Washoe, NV through at least 25 Jan (PH, m.ob.). Swamp Sparrows were found at Damonte Wet - lands, Washoe, NV 29 Dec (RL), Farmington Bay 3 Jan (ph. NJ), Virgin and Santa Clara Riv - ers confluence, Washington, UT 9 Jan–18 Mar (SL et al.), and Corn Creek 12 Jan–22 Feb (D&RS, C&RT et al.). Harris's Sparrows were found in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT 1-19 Jan (J&KB et al.) and Confluence Park, Washington, UT 23 Feb (ph. CR). A large flock (1400) of Gray-crowned and Black Rosy-Finches made a rare s. Utah appearance at Kolob Meadows, Washington 19 Jan (ph. RF). Utah's second and third endorsed Brown-capped Rosy-Finches were photographed visiting feeders at Alta, Salt Lake 12 Dec–24 Jan (†BO, KF et al.). Utah's second, and first photographically document - ed, Purple Finch lingered at Lytle 7-24 Jan (ph. RF et al.). Contributors and cited observers: Brian Adams, Tim Avery, Ned Batchelder, Joel & County Wetlands Park, Las Vegas, Clark 12 Jan (†D&RS, K&NM). The cooperative king - bird lingered through 22 Mar and was photo- graphed and enjoyed by dozens of observers. A Barn Swallow observed at Reno, Washoe, NV 3 Dec (BA) was unexpected. The Searchlight, Clark, NV Curve-billed Thrashers continued through the winter season (CL, RL et al.). A Brown Thrasher was observed periodically at St. George, Washington, UT 21 Dec–4 Apr (S&CS, RF et al.). Twelve Lapland Longspurs were found at Weber Playas, Weber, UT 26 Dec, and a flock of 53 was at Harold Crane W.M.A., Box Elder, UT 2 Jan (KWa). Two Snow Buntings were also with Harold Crane W.M.A. flock 2 Jan (KWa). A Northern Parula observed along the Virgin River near La Verkin, Washing - ton, UT 4 Jan (S&CS, ph. RF) was unexpected. Additional winter warbler surprises included a Chestnut-sided Warbler at Lytle 15-22 Dec (ph. RF, S&CS) and a Bay-breasted Warbler at Boulder City, Clark, NV 31 Jan (CN). A cooperative Lark Bunting, first observed Alaska neau 11 Jan (GBV), and two large winter North- ern Pintail flocks at Kodiak sites of 120 on 6 Jan and 37 on 3 Feb (RAM). Single Canvasbacks were at Unalaska all season (ph. SG), at Kodiak 14 Dec–6 Jan (RAM, WED, CB), and at Gusta - vus 11-12 Dec and 28 Jan (2; NKD). A trio of rare Aythya at Unalaska, where all are rare, in - cluded single Ring-necked Duck, Tufted Duck, and Lesser Scaup all season (ph. SG et al.). In Southeast, a female King Eider was at Juneau 17 Jan+ (PAR, m.ob.). A rare Aleutian Barrow's Goldeneye was at Unalaska 16 Dec+ (SG). The season was relatively quiet for loons, which may have been more dispersed than usual due to the mild conditions. Twenty-four Red- throated Loons in Glacier Bay's Bartlett Cove 10 Jan (NKD) was an unusually high count for that locality, as was the Gustavus C.B.C. tally of 300 Pacific Loons 14 Dec (GPS, SLN). A lone Pied- billed Grebe at Ketchikan all season (SCH) made the only report this winter. Although storm-pe - trels are known winter birds offshore in the North Gulf of Alaska, inshore records are very rare. A single Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel near Sitka 27 Dec (PHN) added to very few such winter observa - tions. Winter observations of Brandt's Cormo- rants at the Ketchikan waterfront have increased steadily over the past decade, the only site in the Region where the species is found at this season. For the second consecutive winter, they were fre - quently observed right in town, with maximum counts of 10 on 3 and 16 Feb (ph. SCH). Note - worthy groups of Great Blue Herons included 9 relatively minor impact on bird move- ments. A cold snap in November likely pushed out most semi-hardy species, which typically make up interesting late dates and early winter rarities. But the season had its share of no - table late departure dates and lingering species; uncom - mon winter birds were mostly found at coastal sites. Of special interest is the growing commitment birders are showing to win - ter coverage, which is increasing at many sites beyond the Christmas Bird Count season. WATERFOWL THROUGH FALCONS With fewer than 10 winter records, all from Southeast, a Greater White-fronted Goose that lingered at Game Creek, Chichagof Island from Nov through 11 Feb (ACC) was notable. Signif - icant winter Brant reports came in from Glacier Bay 14 Dec (4; GPS) and St. Paul Island 15 Jan (one; JB). Winter Brant records away from tra - ditional Izembek Lagoon sites remain rare. The most notable winter season Trumpeter Swan peak count was 33 from Kodiak 29 Jan (BB, RAM). A Wood Duck at Sitka 4 Jan+ (FT, ph. MRG, m.ob.) made the only report. It was an average season for uncommon winter dabbling ducks, highlighted by an American Wigeon at Anchorage 11 Dec–4 Feb (DP), 2 Northern Shovelers at Homer 5 Dec (AJL) and one at Ju - Thede Tobish –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– W inter 2014-2015 weather mirrored that of the previous winter. It was again a mild and relatively low- snow season marked by a growing expanse of warm North Gulf of Alaska sea surface tem - peratures and stable high-pressure masses across the state. Mild southerly winds blew across the North Pacific into the southern half of Alaska. Southeastern sites were equally mild but quite wet, including Juneau, which had its wettest January ever. Surface temperatures for the mainland averaged 4-10º F above average, with the largest anomalies occurring in western Alaska. Quite a few weather stations registered winter temperature ranges in the top ten warm - est ever. All these weather conditions had a

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