North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 278 A R I Z O N A Nicholas, PS); this species is still a casual win- ter visitor to the state. Six Golden-crowned Sparrows were detected, about average for a single winter. No fewer than 12 Summer Tanagers were reported in s. Arizona, a few more than aver - age for a single winter. An interesting report of a Pyrrhuloxia was received from n. of Cot - tonwood 5 Feb (J. Ruckdeschel); the distribu- tion of this species in cen. Arizona has been "drifting" northward in recent years. Casual in Arizona during winter, a male Rose-breasted Grosbeak was w. of Tacna 5 Dec (PEL). Black- headed Grosbeak is equally rare during win - ter, so one at Salero Ranch near Rio Rico 21 Jan (S. Carnahan, C. Smith) was of interest. A Blue Grosbeak at Granite Creek 8-23 Jan (ph. P. Wicker) made a first winter record of this species for the Prescott region. A Common Grackle was at Page 29 Jan (ph. G. Nealon); there have been about 30 previ - ous records from Arizona, with a noticeable increase of reports during the past 10 years. The Baltimore Oriole that was discovered at Sweetwater during the fall spent the entire winter near that location. A Purple Finch that was discovered at a private ranch near Portal during the fall remained until at least 17 Dec (D. Johnson; ph. J. Oldenettel). Else - where, one was reported from Cabeza Prieta N.W.R. 7 Jan (ph. J. Veverka), and one was at Rotary Park, Lake Havasu City 25 Jan–6 Feb (ph., †DVP); this species remains a very ca - sual visitor to Arizona, and its status is poorly understood, due to its similarity to the more common Cassin's Finch. Interestingly, Cassin's Finch exhibited a moderate "invasion" to cen. and s. Arizona, with large numbers reported from many mountain and lowland locations across the state beginning in fall. At least 100 Red Crossbills in the Pinal Mountains 30 Dec (DPe et al.) made a high count for this moun - tain range. Evening Grosbeaks staged a minor "invasion," with numerous reports from cen. and s. Arizona. Observers: Dave Beaudette, John Coons, Andrew Core (Tucson), Troy Corman, Henry Detwiler, Richard Fray, Laurens Halsey, Lauren Harter (LHa), Tom Johnson, Paul E. Lehman, Dave Pearson (DPe), David vander Pluym, Molly Pollock, Cindy Radamaker, Kurt Rada - maker, Chris Rohrer (CRo), Rose Ann Rowlett, Will Russell, Alan Schmierer, Dave Stejskal, Mark M. Stevenson, Paul Suchanek, Richard E. Webster. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Mark M. Stevenson, 4201 East Monte Vista Drive, #J207, Tucson, Arizona 85712-5554 (drbrdr@att.net) Gary H. Rosenberg, P. O. Box 91856, Tucson, Arizona 85752-1856 (ghrosenberg@comcast.net) Hunter Canyons, one was well documented at Peña Blanca Lake 13 Jan–25 Feb (ph. PS); there have been about 25 previous records for the state, but in recent years, this species has become "resident" in several canyons and is reported more and more frequently. Nor - mally a casual species during winter, no fewer than 14 Wilson's Warblers were found during the season. Painted Redstart is a rare, regular winter bird in extreme s. Arizona, but one at Seven Springs 2 Jan (B. Ison) was well n. of ar - eas of normal occurrence. A very late Yellow- breasted Chat was at Patagonia 10 Dec (ph. M. DeMille). Rufous-winged Sparrow appears to be ex- panding its distribution in se. Arizona; this winter, it was reported from a few extralimital locations, including Portal, Fairbank along the San Pedro River, and Benson. Botteri's Sparrow was formerly considered accidental in Arizona during the winter, but in recent years it has been found at a few locations with more regularity; this winter was no ex - ception, with reports from five different loca- tions, and a high count of 39 responding to playback in the Patagonia Lake Ranch area during the third week of Jan (AS). About 40 Clay-colored Sparrows were reported during the winter; numbers of this irregular species have increased in recent winters. Most re - markable were 7 at Arivaca Cienega 12 Jan+ (ph. PS). Two Black-chinned Sparrows in the Hualapai Mountains 14 Feb (J. West) were early for spring arrivals there. A Five-striped Sparrow in Chino Canyon 17 Dec (DS) pro - vided a rare winter report for the state; this species is considered a rare, regular winter resident at known breeding areas in Arizona, but it is seldom reported due to the difficulty in detection on steep brushy hillsides, their preferred habitat. Two Grasshopper Sparrows at Seven Springs Recreation Area 2 Jan (ph. T. Loomis) were away from known wintering ar - eas in the state. Elsewhere, numerous reports from the Verde Valley, including 11 reported on the Camp Verde C.B.C., solidify our un - derstanding of the winter distribution of this species in cen. Arizona. Of the 60+ Fox Spar - rows reported this winter, a greater number than usual, 2 were documented as being Red Fox Sparrows, one near the San Pedro House 6 Jan–28 Feb (ph. B. Thompson), the other at Las Cienegas N.C.A. 11 Jan (ph. B. Nicholas). The remainder were considered Slate-col - ored Fox Sparrows, clearly the more regular type that occurs in Arizona during the win - ter. Harris's Sparrows were reported at Coon Bluff, along the Salt River 17 Jan–16 Feb (J. Miller; ph. B. Buck), at Flagstaff 23 Jan+ (ph. J. Crouse), and at Tanque Verde Wash near Woodland Rd., Tucson 7 Feb–3 Mar (ph. B. Dec–26 Jan (C. Strand), up to 50 were in the Santa Cruz Flats 22-29 Dec (TJ, DS), and 3 individuals were at two different tanks near the Grand Canyon 22 Feb (ph. J. Pietrzak), providing first Grand Canyon region reports for this species. An Ovenbird in Huachuca Canyon 10 Feb (T. Battiste) was the only one reported during the winter. Six Louisiana Waterthrushes, about normal for a winter, were reported across s. Arizona. About 25 Black-and-white Warblers were found statewide; this species has been increasing in recent years as a regular win - tering species in the state. A Lucy's Warbler, casual in Arizona during the winter, was at Sweetwater 3-27 Dec (ph. LH). Ten American Redstarts and 9 Northern Parulas were found statewide, about normal for a single winter. A very dull Blackburnian Warbler in Oak Creek Canyon 12 Dec (ph. J. & R. Crouse) provided what appears one of very few winter season records of this species in Arizona. Six Yellow Warblers and 7 Chestnut-sided War - blers were about normal for a winter season. A male Black-throated Blue Warbler was in the Santa Cruz Flats 28 Nov–4 Mar (m.ob), providing a rare "true" wintering individual in the state. Elsewhere, another male was in South Fork of Cave Creek Canyon 17 Feb–12 Mar (K. Bechenbach). The only Palm Warbler of the season was one along the Santa Cruz River near Red Rock 7 Feb (TC, T. Lewis). The only documented Pine Warbler was at Sulfur Draw near Portal 27 Dec (†W. Egelhoff); there have been about 20 previous records from Arizona, most of them in winter. The Yellow- throated Warbler that was discovered at Pa - tagonia during the fall was present all winter, but it apparently moved around quite a bit between town and the Nature Conservancy Preserve (m.ob.). A new high count of 26 Black-throated Gray Warblers was detected on the Tucson Valley C.B.C. 14 Dec (fide R. Hoyer). Apart from the apparent resident Rufous-capped Warblers in both Florida and This Couch's Kingbird, heard giving diagnostic calls, stopped at a rest stop along I-10 at Texas Canyon in the Dragoon Mountains 23-25 (here 23) January 2015. There is only one previous Arizona record of the species. Photograph by Arlene Ripley.

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