North American Birds

VOLUME 69 NO2 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 101 of 139

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 276 A R I Z O N A warm evenings during Dec, Jan, and especially Feb, more than usual revealed themselves vo - cally. A Magnificent Hummingbird was nest- building in Madera Canyon on the early date of 19 Feb (ph. LH); nest-building typically be - gins in April. A male Broad-tailed Humming- bird attempted to winter for a second year at Tucson 1 Nov–15 Jan (M. Ali). A few Rufous Hummingbirds lingered into Dec, and 2 win - tered at Portal 1 Dec+ (REW, RAR), while one at Sierra Vista 3-18 Jan (R Welch) may have wintered locally. The ad. male Broad-billed Hummingbird that appeared at Camp Verde last Jul was last seen 2 Jan (H. Kleindienst). Reflecting their increased numbers in the area in winter, the Tucson Valley C.B.C. reported a new national all-time high count of 59 Broad- billeds 14 Dec (fide R. Hoyer), besting the pre - vious high of 40. At the n. periphery of their range, 3 continued at Black Canyon City 3 Jan (E. Gofreed). At Ash Canyon B&B, a Broad- billed made the earliest return ever there 19 Jan (M. J. Ballator). Another was away from known locations at Buckeye 28 Jan (C. Strand et al.). The most amazing hummer by far was a White-eared Hummingbird in a Phoenix yard 13-22 Dec (ph. D. Morse), making a second for winter and the first for Maricopa. Traditionally, most Elegant Trogons depart the state during winter. Similar to last winter, numbers appeared to be increased this season, with 12 reported (though not all were noted throughout the winter), another apparent re - sult of the warm weather. A Belted Kingfisher at Flagstaff 27 Dec (R. Auler) was the first on that C.B.C. since 1995 and the fifth overall. The only Green Kingfisher reported was one continuing along the San Pedro River near the San Pedro House through 2 Dec (m.ob.). The Mormon Lake C.B.C. tallied a local record 40 Lewis's Woodpeckers 20 Dec (fide T. Blows). Numbers elsewhere gave no indication of a flight year. Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers put in a good showing: 18 were reported statewide. Seven Red-breasted Sapsuckers were report - ed, most notably one at Page 5 Jan–28 Feb (J. Spence, P. Talbott; ph. G. Nealon). Six North - ern (Yellow-shafted) Flickers was an aboveav- erage showing. A Merlin at Tumacacori 26 Jan (ph. B. Lisowsky) was judged to be a Black Merlin; the suckleyi subspecies has not been certainly verified by a specimen record in the state. PASSERINES A Greater Pewee was at Tubac 1-3 Jan (B. Lisowsky; ph. DS, TJ); this species is rare but regular in winter along the Santa Cruz River s. of Tucson. Elsewhere, one remained from the fall season at 'Ahakhav Tribal Preserve near Parker 17 Jan–9 Feb (DVP et al.), and Yuma 13 Dec (ph. D. Sussman, fide HD), and 4 early migrants were there 21 Feb (HD). Vir - ginia Rail is usually scarce in the n. in winter, so 5 at Kachina Wetlands all winter (m.ob.), 2 at Picture Canyon 2 Dec (R. Sleeper), 6 at Pasture Canyon 3 Dec (J. Crouse), and 3 at Big Springs, Pinetop 5-6 Feb (EH) were no - table. Mountain Plovers were reported from only one location, Evergreen Turf in the Santa Cruz Flats 15 Dec–27 Feb (B. Grossi, m.ob.), with a high count of 123 on 27 Feb (T. Loo - mis). (Future detections at this location may be changed by newly imposed restriction of birders to public roads around its periph - ery.) A Solitary Sandpiper at Watson Lake 26 Nov–24 Dec (D. Moll; ph. L. Rhoden) made a first winter record for Yavapai. A Greater Yel - lowlegs at Rimmy Jim Tank 28 Feb (B. Healy, T. Linda) was considered a very early migrant there. Casual at any season, a Red Phalarope was at Lake Cochise, Willcox 25 Feb–3 Mar (ph. S. Juhasz; ph. C. van Cleve). A first-cycle Black-legged Kittiwake was a good find off Pittsburgh Point 1 Feb (ph., †DVP, LHa), as there are fewer than 20 records for Arizona. Herring Gull is rare away from the Colorado River. Two were at Cholla Lake 1-6 Dec (EH), one at Palo Verde 14-14 Dec (J. Burns), an imm. at Lake Pleasant 1 Jan (C. Strand), one at Whitewater 7 Jan (REW), and an ad. at Lake Pleasant 10 Jan (ph. T. Mar - quardt). Nearly annual in recent years, a first- cycle Thayer's Gull was at Katherine Landing, Lake Mohave 5 Dec (ph., †DVP). A first-cycle Glaucous-winged Gull was at Katherine Land - ing 18 Jan (ph. DVP; ph. B. Steele); there are only seven prior records for the state, five of which were from the L.C.R.V. (though the most recent there was in 1981). Although ex - pected along the L.C.R.V. in winter, Forster's Terns are casual elsewhere. One was at Lake Cochise 30 Dec (RT et al.), and another was at Ajo S.T.P. 28 Feb (ph. J. Veverka) Another sign of the warm winter was the presence of more Band-tailed Pigeons than is typical for winter, with small numbers in low - land locations and mostly moderate numbers at middle elevations. There were few reports of Ruddy Ground-Doves, with singles at Elf - rida 19 Dec (T. Leskiw), Benson S.T.P. 21 Dec (TJ), San Pedro House 27-31 Dec (D. Kamm, J. Broz), and on the Gila River C.B.C. 30 Dec (fide TC). Unprecedented in Jan, an Elf Owl was seen and heard by an experienced observer at Peña Blanca Canyon 27-28 Jan (D. Jasper). Another was early/casual at Portal 26-27 Feb (B. Plage, D. Jasper). A Spotted Owl was in the lowlands near Sabino Canyon 15 Dec–14 Jan (A. Martin, J. Hengesbaugh) right where one was present last winter. Common Poorwill is known to winter in small numbers but on at Cholla Lake 1-9 Dec (ph. EH). Brown Peli - can is typically a late summer and fall visitor to the state, but this winter saw more than is usual. Up to 4 continued in residence at Tem - pe Town Lake all season (M. Weber; m.ob.), one continued at Patagonia Lake through 6 Dec (m.ob.), 2 continued on Lake Pleasant through 4 Jan (m.ob.), one was at Encanto Park, Phoenix 10 Dec (D. Newberg), another was at Tres Rios 19 Dec–17 Feb (M. Herring), one was on Roosevelt Lake 1 Jan (E. Dunn), up to 2 were on Martinez Lake 2-3 Jan (DVP, LHa), 4 (3 ads., one juv.) were on Lake Pleas - ant 10-21 Jan (TC), 2 were on Roosevelt Lake 21 Jan (TC), one was at Wellton 24 Jan–5 Feb (HD), one was on Mittry Lake 28 Jan (D. Mar - rott), and an ad. was at San Carlos Lake 2 Feb (K. Kamper, D. Jenness). A Green Heron was casual at Watson Woods 7 Dec (W. Anderson). White-faced Ibis is normally casual in winter in se. Arizona. Up to 5 were at Whitewater 19 Dec–5 Jan (ph. A. Ripley, G. Albrechtsen), 2700 were at Tres Rios 22 Dec (TC et al.), and the Phoenix survey had a new high count of 2451 on 17 Jan (fide TC). As has become familiar, the first "spring" report of Common Black Hawk came from Page Springs 24 Feb+ (ph. S. Hough), with one seen the next day at their Tubac migra - tion hotspot (P. Collins). Apart from the resi- dent few at Hassayampa River Preserve, Red- shouldered Hawk is mostly a rare visitor to the w. part of the state: a subad. was at Mittry Lake 4 Dec (PEL), up to 2 were at the Cibola N.W.R. Nature Trail 5 Dec–3 Feb (LHa, DVP), one was at the Fort McDowell Indian Reser - vation 13-15 Dec (T. DeBardeleben), up to 2 were at Mosquito Flats, Bill Williams River N.W.R. 23 Dec–7 Jan (DVP, LHa) and one was at Pintail Slough, Havasu N.W.R. 14 Feb (DD). Another sign of the warm winter, a few Gray Hawks were seen. One noted along the San Pedro River e. of Sierra Vista 6 Dec (CRo et al.; ph. T. Block) was joined by another 2 Jan+ (L. Schmahl; ph. B. Brown). Casual in win - ter, a dark-morph Swainson's Hawk was s. of A casual winter visitor to Arizona, with fewer than twenty records, this Black-legged Kittiwake was at Lake Havasu 1 February 2015. Photograph by David vander Pluym.

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