North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 1 81 Eastern Highlands & Upper Ohio River Valley Ohio hosted one in Lake 27 Oct (Cory Chiap- pone), one in Cuyahoga 2 Nov (JB), and one at Independence Dam, Defance 5-9 Nov (Scott Meyers, ph. Tim Thompson, Heidi Trudell, m.ob.). A Black Scoter at Neal Island, Wood, WV 23 Nov (Jon Bennedetti) represented a rare fall record for the upper Ohio River. Few fall reports of Long-tailed Duck exist for sw. Ohio, so an exceptionally early migrant in Warren 19 Oct (Rick Asamoto) was unexpected. Another was found on the Ohio River in Clermont 16 Nov (Brian Wulker). Rare s. to Lake Erie before Oct, a Common Goldeneye was in Lorain, OH 7-21 Sep (Steven Bouyak, ph. VF, Nic & Lynne Shayko, m.ob.). Several interesting waterfowl were found on the waterbird count at Presque Isle S.P., Erie, PA, including an unidentifed eider 2 Nov and up to 4 Harlequin Ducks 24 Oct–19 Nov (Jerry McWilliams). An average fight of Red-throated Loons through Ohio began with 2 in Lake 20 Oct (Sal - ly Isacco). Almost annual in fall, West Virginia's single appeared on Cheat Lake, Monongalia 6 Nov (ph. Mike Slaven). The fnd of the season was an Arctic Loon on Dillon Reservoir, Musk - ingum, OH (ph. Brad Perkins, m.ob.). The bird was reported by James Gore 23 Oct as a possi - ble Pacifc Loon, but close-up images indicated an Arctic—in full breeding plumage, no less. Observed by many 24 Oct, the bird was accept - ed by the Ohio Bird Records Committee as an Arctic Loon. There is but one other report for e. North America, from Vermont in 2007, a bird that was not photographed. A Pacifc Loon was found 23 Nov (Jerry McWilliams, Roger Donn) as part of the waterfowl survey from Presque Isle S.P., Erie, PA. An Eared Grebe passed there 21 Nov (Jerry McWiliams). Elsewhere in the state, an Eared Grebe was also found at Naza - reth Quarry, Northampton 1-4 Nov (Michael Schall, Corinne Campbell Schall). Ohio Eared Grebe reports involving 7 birds were docu - mented from 20 Oct (Dan Gesauldo) through 29 Nov (Ron Sempier). Another strong early fight of Horned Grebes saw inland Ohio ar - rivals 22 Sep in Delaware (Steve Landes) and Richland (5; Anna Wittmer). The two-dozen or so Red-necked Grebes across Ohio made for an above-average fall fight. Two were at Tygart Lake, Taylor, WV 28 Nov (Amanda Austin). American White Pelicans were plentiful and widespread across the w. portions of Ohio. Their favored haunt is the Western Basin of Lake Erie, where a gathering 19 Sep totaled 76, a state record count (VF). Noteworthy num - bers remained elsewhere within the marshes evidenced by the 24 at Ottawa N.W.R., Ottawa, OH 26 Oct (fde Ottawa staff). A fock of 16 the day before at nearby Cedar Point N.W.R (Tom Kemp) may have been related. An American White Pelican was at the Conejohela Flats, PA lissa Roach, Ian Gardner, Ted Nichols II, Frank Dickman), Montgomery (George Franchois), and Northampton (Michael Schall); up to 8 were at Pymatuning Goose Management Area, Crawford 16-30 Nov (m.ob.). Single Snow Geese arrived w. of the coastal plains 19 Sep in Champaign, OH (Carol Smith) and 20-30 Sep in Preston, WV (ph. Aaron Graham, ph. David Daniels, Terry Bronson, m.ob.). Notable too in West Virginia, a fock of 5 was in Pendleton 28 Sep at a wastewater treatment plant; 5 were at another treatment plant in nearby Hardy 28 Oct (Diane Holsinger), a rare report from the Eastern Panhandle. The fight through the west was otherwise subpar. Not surprisingly, the corresponding Ross's Goose fight was weak, although a remarkably early bird 16-17 Sep in Lake, OH (Andy Avram, ph. Cory Chiappone) preceded the frst Ohio Snow Goose. A fock of 6 at Killdeer Plains W.A., Wyandot 26 Nov (ph. Joe Baldwin) led Ohio reports. Farther e., all re - ports came from the highlands, where one was in Westmoreland, PA 29-30 Nov (ph. Matthew Juskowich et al., Nathan Weyandt), 3 in Tucker, WV 23 Oct (H. Myers), and one in Hardy, WV 22-30 Nov (ph. David Carr, ph. Mike Slaven, ph. David Daniels, m.ob.). A Snow Goose x Ross's Goose hybrid was identifed in Knox, OH 16 Oct (Gary Cowell, VF). A modest fight of Brant to Lake Erie was detected at several stations within the Central Basin 1 Nov, with 9 in Lake (Tom Frankel), 12 in Cuyahoga (JB), and 8 at Sherod Park, Erie (Dan Gesauldo). Single Cackling Geese arrived in Ohio 19 Oct in Lorain (Mike Smith) and Cuyahoga (Steven Bouyak) ahead of about three-dozen birds for the season. Counts were led by 7 in Wayne 23 Nov (ph. Rich Pendlebury) and 6 at Sulphur Brook, Erie 28 Nov (JB). The only report from West Virginia involved 3 in Mason 25 Nov (Mike Griffth). Fall reports of Mute Swan from the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia are unheard of, so one in Tucker 31 Aug (Sandra Farkas) was noteworthy. Culling efforts in Ohio have yet to have a discernible impact on the species' widespread distribution. The Tundra Swan fight brought 2 to Monongalia, WV 23 Oct (ph. Mike Slaven, Derek Courtney). The summering Gadwall in Hamilton, OH remained through 20 Aug (Brian Wulker). Rarely documented in fall within the Region, a Eurasian Wigeon was at Mosquito Creek W.A., Trumbull, OH 14-18 Oct (Larry Richardson, Don Keffer, ph. Tom Frankel, m.ob.). Another was at the fsh hatchery at Pymatuning S.P., Crawford, PA 28 Oct (Thomas Nicolls). A Gad - wall x Mallard hybrid was detected at Kelleys Island, Erie, OH 23 Nov (Tom Bartlett). A good showing by Harlequin Duck had singles along Lake Erie at Presque Isle, Erie, PA 24 Oct and 19 Nov, with 2 there 18 Nov (Jerry McWilliams). Victor W. Fazio, III Tom Johnson –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T he early part of season across the Re- gion was cooler than normal and lacked substantial rainfall. September and Oc - tober were average, weather-wise, making for an uneventful passerine migration, which was helped along by calm weather and good migra - tion conditions, but there was a relatively early and memorable fight of hooded gull species. November brought a signifcant cold snap for the third and fourth week of the month, and the season's frst widespread snow event was 26-28 November. This late onset of cold per - mitted several warblers of note to linger late. Attributing late records to environmental effects versus changes in observers' strategies and acumen can be diffcult. Are Henslow's Sparrow genuinely departing the Region later than in the past, or do our increasing detection rates owe more to the concerted efforts seeking Ammodramus sparrows in October and Novem - ber? The mild weather certainly did not hinder birders in fnding scarce migrants and rarities, among them the likes of Arctic Loon, Reddish Egret, Crested Caracara, and a spectacular pas - sage of jaegers and Sabine's Gulls on Lake Erie. WATERFOWL THROUGH IBIS Two of the 3 Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks in Trumbull, OH from the summer remained through 17 Aug (Debbie Schuster, m.ob.). Two were discovered near Sugarcreek, Holmes, OH 23 Aug (Ed Schlabach) and remained in the area through 7 Sep (Leroy Yoder, Marga - ret Bowman). An early arrival by the Greater White-fronted Goose involved 8 at Crooked Creek Lake, Armstrong, PA 7-14 Oct (ph. Marjorie Van Tassel, m.ob.) and 3 in Licking, OH 15 Oct (Margaret Bowman, Mike Smith, Donna Kuhn). A count of 42 in Erie, OH 23 Nov (Elizabeth McQuaid, VF, m.ob.) was no - table for the Western Basin. The strong fight in Pennsylvania saw reports from eight coun - ties, including Bucks (Dick Bell, August Mira- bella, Brandon Swayser, Scott Godshall, An- thony Ulrich), Chester (Brian Quindlen, Mike Defna, Michael Gardner), Crawford (m.ob.), Lancaster (Steve Walthius), Lebanon (TJ, Me -

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