North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 61 of 179

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 60 (AG) and over the Atlantic Ocean at Avalon 13 Oct (TR) and 30 Nov (SH). Another was found near Pillar Point 27 Oct (NL), the third straight fall the species was detected at this site (fde JB). Western Grebe continued its recent string of ap - pearances, courtesy of an individual seen from Barnhart Island, St. Lawrence, NY 11 Nov (JB). At least 6 Eared Grebes were reported from w. New York, with 3 at the traditional location in Batavia, Genesee, NY 17 Nov (MT). New Jersey contributed singles from Barnegat Bay, Ocean 30 Sep (ph. Greg Prelich) and Sandy Hook 23 Nov+ (SB, LM, m.ob.). A pelagic trip out of Long Island scored a state-frst Fea's Petrel, along with 56 Band-rumped Storm-Petrels, 43 Leach's Storm-Petrels, and a White-faced Storm-Petrel in or near Hudson Canyon 12 Aug (ph. DG, Paul Guris, m.ob.). Another White- faced Storm-Petrel was noted in New York pe - lagic waters 2 Aug (ph. AW, DR, John Shemilt). A prized wanderer from points south, a juv. Wood Stork put in a brief appearance over Cape May 7 Aug (ph. Mike Pasquarello, Mike Crewe et al.). The Brown Booby saga raged on, thanks to a crowd-pleasing ad. that cruised Lake Champlain 23 Aug–2 Sep (ph. GC, m.ob.) and a juv. viewed from Fort Tilden 29 Aug (CF, ph. Lukas Musher). While there were no reports from Lake Ontario, a juv. Northern Gannet found in the company of Tundra Swans on Sen - eca Lake at Watkins Glen, Schuyler, NY 21 Nov was truly exceptional (John & Sue Gregoire). Great Cormorant arrived at Bayonne, Hudson, NJ 11 Oct, with numbers increasing to 24 by 21 Nov (MB). In the latest additions to a con - tinuing upward trend, American White Pelican was once again recorded in all three states, with records spanning all four months. A Great White Heron made a fantastic dis - covery at East Hampton, Suffolk, NY 20 Sep (ph. AW). Cattle Egret numbers have seen an obvi - ous drop during the past two decades, but the lower Delaware River continues to harbor quite a few. A seasonal maximum of 160 was secured at Featherbed Lane W.M.A., Salem, NJ 26 Aug (Derek Stoner). A noticeable post-breeding dis - persal of White Ibis occurred through Delaware for a second consecutive year. Sightings took place at several coastal sites through Sussex and Kent 1 Aug–7 Sep (m.ob.), including a max sex, DE); Cape Henlopen (S.P., Sussex, DE); Cape May (all area s. of Cape May Canal, Cape May, NJ); Hamlin Beach (S.P. on Lake Ontar - io w. of Buffalo); Higbee Dike (site of autumn songbird migration count, Cape May, NJ); Ja - maica Bay (Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge, New York City); Jones Beach (S.P., Nassau, NY); Montezuma (N.W.R., Seneca, NY); Pillar Point (nw. corner of Lake Ontario, Jefferson, NY); San - dy Hook (Gateway National Recreation Area, Monmouth, NJ). WATERFOWL THROUGH HAWKS Black-bellied Whistling-Duck went unreported for the second consecutive fall season. Pink-foot - ed Goose has become annual in recent winters, but one at Riverhead, Suffolk, NY 9 Nov easily represents the earliest arrival yet and establishes a frst autumn record for the Region (ph. DR). Barnacle Geese continued to arrive during au - tumn, with records at Allendale, Bergen, NJ 11 Oct (Joe Hammerle) and at Smithtown, Suffolk, NY 29 Nov (David Lamagna, m.ob.). In line with a continuing recent upward trend, Ross's Geese were noted in all three states, punctuated by maxima of 6 at both Bombay Hook 12 Nov (AL) and Montezuma 15 Nov (Gary Kohlenberg, Ann Mitchell). Trumpeter Swan continued its growing occupation of upstate New York, e.g., 32 at Northern Montezuma W.M.A., Cayuga, NY 22 Nov (JM). Persistently strong westerlies during Nov produced the largest Tundra Swan fights witnessed along the coast in several years, underscored by 102 at Avalon 18 Nov (TR). Ex - citing and noteworthy for New York City were 33 Tundra Swans at Jamaica Bay 6 Nov (Don Riepe, CF). It was also a strong season for Eur - asian Wigeon, with multiple birds found along the coasts of all three states (fde eBird), plus 2 at Montezuma 22 Sep–31 Oct (Andrea Burke, JM, Livia Santana, m.ob.). A female Tufted Duck, possibly a returning winterer, was discovered at Buffalo 23 Nov (AH, m.ob.). An ad. male Common Eider made for a stunning sight as it zipped along Lake Ontario at Shadigee, Orleans, NY 2 Nov (CW). The species had not been seen in New York's Niagara Frontier since 1994 (fde MM, JP). Southbound migrant Pacifc Loons were not- ed over Lake Ontario at Hamlin Beach 3 Nov Tom Reed Shaibal Mitra Robert O. Paxton Frank Rohrbacher –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– F all 2014 was an interesting season. Weath- er was generally within the boundaries of "normal" throughout the Region, though as always there were a handful of signifcant weather events during this transitional time of year. Migration moved along at a leisurely pace, with few notable events, outside of a handful of fallouts involving short-distance passerine mi - grants along the coast in late October. According to Cornell University's Northeast Regional Climate Center, August was cooler and wetter than average across much of the reporting area, a theme that continued from summer. A remarkable storm system produced daily rainfall records at various locations 12-13 August, headlined by an outlandish 34.47 cm (13.57 in.) that fell at Islip, Suffolk County, es - tablishing a single-day record for any location in New York. A marked pattern shift brought above-average temperatures and average pre - cipitation during September and October. No- vember was markedly colder than average, a precursor to the wicked winter that would fol - low, with most areas experiencing temperatures 3-4º F below normal. It was a historic season for rarities, with headliners such as Tufted Duck, Fea's Petrel, Brown Booby, Zone-tailed Hawk, Common Ringed Plover, Whiskered Tern, Common Ground-Dove, Vermilion Flycatcher, Cassin's Kingbird, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, and Black- headed Grosbeak. Abbreviations: Avalon (site of autumn water- bird migration count, Cape May, NJ); Bombay Hook (Bombay Hook N.W.R., Kent, DE); Brad - dock Bay (B.O., Lake Ontario shore, Monroe, NY); Brigantine (Brigantine Unit of Edwin B. Forsythe N.W.R., Atlantic, NJ); Broadkill Beach (road and portion of Prime Hook N.W.R., Sus - Hudson-Delaware SA The Avalon Seawatch, a full-time waterbird migration count operated by New Jersey Audubon Society, enjoyed an unprecedented season. A total of 1,026,836 waterbirds represented a single-season high since recordkeeping began in 1993 and included 69 spe - cies tallied during 966 observation hours 22 Sep–22 Dec. This translated to a remarkable average of 11,161 birds tallied per day. Notable daily totals included 21,682 Double-crested Cormorants 3 Oct (SH), 23,270 Surf Scoters 23 Oct (TR), 14,833 Black Scoters 4 Nov (SH), and 9572 Red-throated Loons 15 Nov (SH). Seasonal totals were in excess of 100,000 individuals for these four species, along with 108,985 Northern Gannets.

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