North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 51 of 179

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 50 AT L A N T I C P R O V I N C E S & S T. P I E R R E E T M I Q U E LO N FLYCATCHERS THROUGH THRASHERS Nova Scotia saw its largest numbers ever of Willow Flycatcher, with 10 reports from B.P.I. in Sep, 8 having been banded by A.B.O. A hatch-year Hammond's Flycatcher on B.P.I. 30 Sep (A.B.O.; ph., †DB) represented the second record for Nova Scotia. A hatch-year Dusky Flycatcher banded by the same group on B.P.I. 6 Oct (†DB) provided Nova Scotia with its third record. A Say's Phoebe was at Schooner Cove, C.B.R.M. 16 Sep (AM, CM). A Fork-tailed Flycatcher at Miscou Island, Gloucester, NB 15-24 Oct (LG) made the only report of the season. A White-eyed Vireo at St. Pierre 28 Sep–12 Nov (PB) represented the French islands' third record. This spe - cies appeared in above-average numbers in the Region, with another 13 throughout. Two Yellow-throated Vireos were observed, one at Cappahayden, NL 11 Sep (DBr) and anoth - er at St. Pierre 17 Sep (PH). Single vireos at Hartlen Point, H.R.M. 20 Oct (ph. BS, ph. PB) and Yarmouth, NS 30 Nov (ph. AD) showed characteristics that strongly suggest Cassin's Vireo. A Warbling Vireo photographed at St. Pierre was the French islands' frst (JD); an - other at Murray Harbour, Kings PE 1 Aug (JM) was a great fnd for that province. Of 16 House Wrens reported in the Region, 14 were found in the w. half of Nova Scotia, and 5 of those showed features of the w. sub - species. Single Sedge Wrens were found on Seal Island, NS 26 Sep (ph. DB) and 6-10 Oct (ph. DB, DC), a nesting location well outside of this species' core range. A Marsh Wren at Miners Marsh, Kings NS 10 Nov was appar - ently of the Interior West Group (FL, ph. KLo, ph. AD). It was a good year for Blue- gray Gnatcatchers, with 15 in Nova Scotia, 8 in New Brunswick, and 2 in Newfoundland. Single Northern Wheatears were at Cape Race, NL 23 Aug (LC et al.), G.M.I. 27 Aug (AC), Upper Amherst Cove, NL 31 Aug (fde AB), and Yarmouth, NS 3 Sep (CP). A single Brown Thrasher at Cape Race, NL 11 Nov (CD) was notable for that province. exception. Four imm. Long-tailed Jaegers were observed at B.P.I. 16 Aug–21 Oct (DB), one was photographed off Brier Island, NS 7 Sep (BS), and 4 were seen from shore in Newfoundland. An ad. Sabine's Gull was the highlight of a pe - lagic trip on the Mr. Matthew near Campobello Island, Charlotte, NB 26 Aug (CB). A Mew Gull at St. John's, NL 16-28 Nov (ph., †AB) was well photographed and is thought to best ft Kam - chatka Mew Gull (L. c. kamtschatschensis) from e. Asia. A fourth-cycle Yellow-legged Gull arrived at St. John's, NL 6 Aug (LdL) and was joined by an ad. 11 Sep (AB). A Black Tern at West St. Pierre 31 Aug (PH, PBo, JD) represented the second record for the island, the frst being one shot at St. Pierre 14 Sep 1968. Our only Forster's Tern report wan of an imm. that few past Seal Island, NS 7 Oct (DB). Rare for Newfoundland, a Black-billed Cuck- oo was at Blackhead Sep 24 (AB, AMe); 3 others were reported in the Region. Single Long-eared Owls at St. Pierre 14 Oct (LJ, JD) and at Corner Brook, NL 19 Nov (BR) provided St. Pierre et Miquelon and Newfoundland with their ffth and sixth records, respectively. Late, critically identifed Ruby-throated Hummingbirds were at Kentville, NS 5-16 Nov (m.ob.) and West Pubnico, Yarmouth, NS 13-18 Nov (AD). A Red- headed Woodpecker was heard calling at B.P.I. 15 Sep (DB et al.). Red-bellied Woodpecker numbers did not match the exceptional 2004 totals but were higher than normal throughout the Region, with 31 reports from New Bruns - wick, mostly in Oct and Nov. G.M.I. hosted the only Gyrfalcons, with sightings of singles on 13 Sep and 7 Oct (RB). Island, NS 25 Sep (ph. RW) and 31 Oct (ph. RS, BF) and then at Pinkney's Point, Yarmouth NS 8 Nov (ph. AD) and Chebogue Point, Yarmouth NS 16 Nov (ph. RD). A Clapper Rail that was fushed on Seal Is- land, NS 9 Oct (DC) showed characteristics of the expected subspecies crepitans and provided Nova Scotia with its tenth record. A Purple Gal - linule at Makkovik, Labrador 24 Oct was quite notable for that high latitude. Point de Bute, Westmorland, NB had 3 Sandhill Cranes 2 Oct (BC), and singles were at Port Morien, C.B.R.M. 4-5 Oct (ph. AM, CM) and Greenlaw Moun - tain, NB 9 Oct (TW). Six Sandhill Cranes were at Darnley, Prince PE 15-20 Sep, where 3 were noted 10 Sep (GSF). There is a growing trend in the past 4-5 years of summer and fall sightings in that location, providing evidence of possible local nesting. An American Avocet was at C.S.I. 9-20 Aug (ph. GWh, CS); another was at two H.R.M. loca - tions 11 Aug–12 Sep (ph. BS, m.ob.). Two Amer- ican Oystercatchers on C.S.I. were last sighted 17 Aug. This species' breeding range may be ex - panding, with reports from nearby Smithsville, Shelburne, NS two years in a row, including 2 Aug this season (ph. AD). Common Ringed Plo - vers were reported from Newfoundland: one at Bellevue Beach 15 Aug (AB) and one at Portugal Cove 23 Aug (AB). A Willet at Pubnico, NS 4 Oct (ph., †AD) was critically identifed as a Western Willet, the expected subspecies after early Sep in Nova Scotia. Two Western Sandpipers were at G.M.I., a juv. 9 Aug and an ad. 14 Aug (RB). An - other juv. was documented 27 Nov at Conrad's Beach, H.R.M. (ph. PB). A Long-billed Dow - itcher photographed at St. Pierre 6 Nov was the frst for St. Pierre et Miquelon (LJ). SKUAS THROUGH FALCONS Nine Great Skuas were reported from sw. Nova Scotia, while Saint Pierre et Miquelon had 3, New Brunswick had 2, Newfoundland had one report from land. South Polar Skuas took second place to Greats in Nova Scotia this fall, with only 3 seen from Seal Island 3-8 Oct (DB) and one at Brier Island 12 Oct (ph. KL, JH). A South Polar Skua was seen from Cape Race, NL 8 Aug (CD), and 2 were in the Bay of Fundy 13 Sep (RL). Both skua species are typically found far offshore in Newfoundland waters, and this year was no SA There were no modern records of Long-billed Curlew in the Region until one was identifed by Robert Grant at Cape Tormentine, NB 28 Nov. Locals noted that this bird had been present on lawns and roadsides for at least three days prior to its identifcation. It was last seen on 22 Dec by Bill and Eileen Trenholm. In the nineteenth century, a large cur - lew (probably Long-billed) was spotted on Grand Manan 2-3 May 1889, and 2 other prob- able Long-billeds were recorded in Gloucester in Aug and Sep 1878. The lack of more recent Regional records is surely due to drastic population declines after the nineteenth century. SA Nova Scotia's second Eurasian Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) was frst identifed from pho- tographs taken by Kyle Shay at Hartlen Point, H.R.M. 26 Dec. Following confrmation, it was learned that the bird had been photographed 21 Nov by Wayne Hyland at the same loca - tion. It spent most of its time between the Hartlen Point Forces Golf Club and the intersection of Shore Rd. and Caldwell Rd. The bird was last seen 20 Mar (Marc-André Desmarais). The frst Eurasian Kestrel for the Region was found 18 Jan 1987 at Fort Beausejour, NB. The bird was then observed at Minudie, NS 23 Jan and was last seen again at Fort Beausejour 26 Feb 1988. The only other record for Canada was a bird collected at Alkali Lake, BC in 1946 (Con - dor 87: 2). There are now six records of Eurasian Kestrel for e. North America and 14 for the West, mainly from far w. islands of Alaska (Howell, S.N.G., I. Lewington, and W. Russell. 2014. Rare Birds of North America). The Sep/Oct peak of Eurasian Kestrel records in Iceland fts well with the autumn/winter records in Atlantic Canada.

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