North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

Issue link: http://nab.aba.org/i/629070

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V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 1 49 Little Shemogue, Westmorland NB 11 Oct (GB, ML, NB). The fock of geese at Little Shemogue also included a Cackling Goose. Other Cackling Goose records were of a single at Atholville, Res - tigouche NB 1 Nov (ID), 3 in the Wolfville area, NS 11-26 Nov (DB et al.), and a Richardson's (B. h. hutchinsii) at Onslow, NS 13-16 Nov (EM). Gadwall is common in most of the Region but rather rare in Newfoundland; one male at St. John's 19-30 Nov (AH, m.ob.) was well docu - mented. There were 2 Canvasbacks in the Re- gion: one at St. John's 9 Oct–8 Nov provided Newfoundland's second record (ph. BM), and one was at Woodstock, NB 28 Nov–1 Dec (NS). Accidental on the French islands, a Redhead was present at Grand Barachois 4 Sep (RE). An ad. male Tufted Duck at the Tower Road Sew - age Lagoon, C.B.R.M. 12 Oct–9 Nov (DM, AM, CM) was the only report outside of Newfound - land. A second-year male Tufted Duck present in Aug is thought to be the frst to oversummer at St. John's (AB), where numbers of this Eur - asian Aythya peaked at about 50 by the end of the season. Two Pacifc Loons were well observed on B.P.I., an ad. 22 Oct and an imm. 30 Oct (†DB et al.); these represent two of very few docu - mented, multiple observer reports of the spe- cies in Nova Scotia. A Cory's Shearwater at Cape Race 10 Aug furnished the frst land-based sighting of this species for Newfoundland (BM). Nova Scotia had a colossal total of 137, with a remarkable 57 seen on a 16 Sep pelagic trip out of Sambro (m.ob.). An Audubon's Shearwa - ter at B.P.I. 9 Oct was well compared with the nearby Manx Shearwaters and provided Nova Scotia's ninth record (†DB). A very late imm. Magnifcent Frigatebird was photographed 3 Nov at Jeddore Harbour, H.R.M. (ph. AK). Canada's frst Red-footed Booby, a highlight of the season, was a frst-cycle light morph photographed 22 Sep well offshore se. of Halifax, NS (ph., †SA). EGRETS THROUGH SHOREBIRDS Egrets made a strong appearance in the Region this year, with 47 Great, 9 Snowy, and 32 Cattle in total. A Yellow- crowned Night-Heron at Cape Mique - lon 13 Aug (RE) was a great fnd for the French islands. Glossy Ibis is rarer in fall than in spring, and the only one recorded was at Priest Pond, Kings, PE 8 Nov (LK). Brier Island hosted its ffth Mississippi Kite 24 Aug (LL et al.); Nova Scotia has just six other records of this raptor. Swainson's Hawk numbers were exceptional, with the frst appear - ing at Greenlaw Mountain, NB 18 Sep (TW) and subsequent sightings at Brier were observed, representing the highest species count since the project's start in 2009. A low count of 3094 migrants may be associated with the harsh conditions of last winter following a wet spring and summer in 2013; and unfavor - able winds for migration during the second half of the season surely did not help. A few of the lingering storm waifs brought to the Region by post-tropical cyclone Arthur on 5 July were still present into August. A group of 18 Laughing Gulls at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia provided the highest count of these southern visitors during the autumn period. The effects of this storm were evident on our coastal fora. By August, the damaged foliage on the wind - ward sides of trees and shrubs had fallen off and was being replaced with new growth. The Region produced several exceptional re - cords this season: Newfoundland had its second Canvasback, St. Pierre et Miquelon recorded its frst Warbling Vireo, New Brunswick's fourth Long-billed Curlew was a crowd pleaser, and Nova Scotia was graced with second records of Lazuli Bunting, Eurasian Kestrel, and Ham - mond's Flycatcher, along with its (as well as Canada's) frst Red-footed Booby. Abbreviations: A.B.O. (Atlantic B.O.); B.P.I. (Bon Portage Island, Nova Scotia); C.B.R.M. (Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia); C.S.I. (Cape Sable Island, Nova Sco - tia); G.M.I. (Grand Manan Island, New Bruns- wick); H.R.M. (Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia). WATERFOWL THROUGH BOOBIES Reports of Greater White-fronted Geese includ- ed one at Onslow, Colchester NS 3 Oct that ap- peared to be of w. Canadian taiga/tundra origin and one with a large fock of Canada Geese at Alix A. d'Entremont –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– A utumn temperatures were warmer than normal for most of the Region except during November, when New Bruns - wick was near normal to 2º C below normal. The three Maritime Provinces were mostly wet - ter than normal with the exception of a drier northern Nova Scotia. Most of Newfoundland's weather sites indicated 50% higher rainfall than normal in November, following mostly average values in the frst three months of the period. November also proved to be snowier than nor - mal. Many New Brunswick locations showed two to fve times typical snowfall totals. Warm and stable sea surface temperatures on the Scotian Shelf are likely to have contributed to the exceptional numbers of warm-water pe - lagic birds. Sea surface temperatures over much of the southern Scotian Shelf were more than 2º C above the 30-year average. Because of the long-term overall warming trend, the North - east Fisheries Science Center predicts that our "summer" season could lengthen by two months over the next 75 years, with a de - lay in "autumn" conditions and much earlier "spring" conditions in this environment. Numerous sightings of rarities on Seal Is - land and Bon Portage Island in southwestern Nova Scotia again indicated that vagrants are most readily detected (and more frequent?) on offshore islands than on the mainland. Members of the Atlantic Bird Observatory banded 1541 birds on these two islands from 11 August through 4 November and report a total of 246 species observed. Volunteers at the Greenlaw Mountain Hawkwatch in southwestern New Brunswick logged 257.75 hours from 24 August through 8 Novem - ber. Migrating hawks at this site were low in totals of individuals, but 16 raptor species Atlantic Provinces & St. Pierre et Miquelon This Long-billed Curlew found at Cape Tourmentine 28 November 2014 provided the frst modern record of the species for New Brunswick. It was last seen 22 (here 5) December. Photograph by Carmella Melanson.

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