North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 168 of 179

V O L U M E 6 9 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 1 167 C E N T R A L A M E R I C A 12-15 Nov at Finca Rubel Chahim, Alta Verapaz (JPC, KVV). At the s. limit of their respective winter ranges, a Yellow-throated Warbler was seen on Cerro Jefe, Panamá 21 Sep (EC), and a Prairie Warbler was seen at the Gamboa Rain - forest Resort, Colón 30 Nov (RG). The latter is rare anywhere on the mainland. The frst photo - graphically documented record of Townsend's Warbler in Belize was obtained 24 Oct when one was found on the edge of the parking lot at Blue Hole N.P. (ph. EM, IMa). In Guatemala, an ad. male Townsend's Warbler in Canjulá Region - al Municipal Park, San Marcos 26 Aug (KE, CA) was an early fall migrant. Red-faced Warbler reaches its southernmost wintering range in the highlands of w. Honduras, so one seen 27 Aug in a mixed warbler fock on Montaña de Izopo near Tegucigalpa was unexpected (RJ, JvD). Of note in Panama were 4 Viridian Dacnis seen at Jaqué, Darién 19 Aug (EC). Seldom re - ported in the Belize lowlands, 2 female Shining Honeycreepers were observed in Cockscomb Basin W.S. 8 Aug (RM). Meanwhile, a female Shining Honeycreeper seen near Purulhá, Baja Verapaz 13 Sep (JPC, DA) provided a new site record in Guatemala. With few records from the Pacifc slope of Panama, a Grayish Saltator was seen at a feeder in Boquete, Chiriquí 22 Sep (CB). Highly erratic in its occurrence through - out the Region, 3 Slate-colored Seedeaters were seen together s. of Gales Point, Belize 14 Nov (RM). In Panama, a Slate-colored Seedeater was seen 21 Oct in tall grass habitat s. of Da - vid near Estero Rico, Chiriquí (RaG). This spe- cies is rarely seen away from seeding bamboo. A female Slaty Finch at Fuentes Georginas, Quetzaltenango 23 Sep (JB) provided a new site record. Also of note, 8 Botteri's Sparrows were seen near Salamá, Baja Verapaz 18 Sep (JPC, LN). A Clay-colored Sparrow on Frank's Caye (southernmost of the Sapodilla Cayes) 26 Oct (LJ) provided only the sixth record for Belize. Not recorded in Belize every fall, a Savannah Sparrow was at Cattle Landing 6 Nov (ph. AF), and another was seen along the entrance road to Oct (RGa, RJ, JvD). Rarely reported in Costa Rica, a White-eyed Vireo was at Cedral, Monteverde, Puntarenas 7-18 Nov (ph. SB). Providing the seventh record for Belize and the frst away from cen. Cayo, a Blue-headed Vireo was well seen on Lime Caye 25 Oct (LJ). Furnishing the frst record from the Pacifc slope of Panama, a group of 4 Brown Jays was seen 3 Nov at Finca Ceriana near Volcán, Chiriquí, and two groups totaling 11 birds were there the following day (VW). An exceptionally late martin, apparently a Purple Martin, was found in with other swallows at Cattle Landing 26 Nov (AL, AF, LJ, VB et al.). The pattern of occurrence of Cave Swallows in Costa Rica re - mains unclear. Unrecorded prior to 2002, it has been reported with increasing frequency in the past several years, yet records are still far from commonplace. One was at La Guinea in the Tempisque River basin, Guanacaste 15 Nov, and one was at Bagatzí 25 Nov (both JZ). Most pre - vious records have been from around the Gulf of Nicoya, although it has been reported once (?) before from the vicinity of La Guinea. Its pat - tern of occurrence is clearer in Belize, where it is a very uncommon fall migrant. This fall 4, 6, and 2 were present at Cattle Landing 26, 29, & 30 Oct, respectively (LJ, AL, AF, VB et al.). WRENS THROUGH HOUSE SPARROW Reported for the frst time in North America last year near the Colombia border, a pair of Bicol - ored Wrens was seen 29 Aug in the cemetery at Yaviza, Darién (LP), providing the westernmost record of this species. At the opposite end of the Region, in Guatemala, a Giant Wren was seen 3 Oct carrying nest material near La Blanca, San Marcos (JPC), and a pair was also seen there two days later (JPC, MO, LN, MN). This is the same area where the species was frst recorded in the Region last spring. A Tropical Mockingbird was seen 13 Nov in Tikal, Petén, where it is seldom reported (ph. CE). Two American Pipits were recorded this fall in Belize at opposite ends of the country, both on the same day, 28 Oct: one was at Cattle Landing (VB), the other at Sartene - ja, Corozal (RM). Six Cedar Waxwings seen near Purulhá, Baja Verapaz 13 Sep (JPC, DA) were exceptionally early. A Blue-winged Warbler on Caye Caulker 26 Aug (J&DB) was also early. Worth noting was a female Northern Parula at Xandari Resort, Ala - juela 23 Oct–13 Nov (SI). Typically, only one or 2 are reported each year from Costa Rica. Black- throated Blue Warbler is seldom reported from mainland Central America, so 2 seen the same day (24 Oct) in the Las Marías sector of the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve, Gracias a Dios (WO) were of interest. Male Black-throated Blue War - blers were also seen 5 Oct at Tierra Linda El Za- potal, 45 km w. of La Libertad, Petén (RA), and Belcampo resort, Toledo 20 Nov (AF). Also not recorded every fall, a Lincoln's Sparrow was on Lime Caye 27 Oct (LJ). Rare in Belize, a female Western Tanager was at Cattle Landing 30 Nov (AL, AF). An ad. male Yellow-headed Blackbird seen 25 Oct at Coto 47 (ph. KEa, VC, HV, LG) was only the second to be reported in Costa Rica in recent years, the other being from Cocos Island, also in fall. This species is seldom reported anywhere in Central America. Completely unexpected was a Yellow- backed Oriole at Portalón, Puntarenas 15 Oct (JC, ph. RO). Although a common resident s. to n. Nicaragua and from cen. Panama e. into n. South America, it had not previously been reported from Costa Rica. This lone individual evidently mated with a Black-cowled Oriole, as 2 hybrid juvs. were seen accompanying it later in the fall. There was no outward indication that this bird was an escaped captive, and it is not known as a caged bird in Costa Rica. House Sparrow may have become locally established Providing only the ffth record for El Salvador, this Spotted Rail, later deposited in the country's Natural History Museum collection, was found dead in urban Santa Ana on 13 November 2014. Although widely distributed in Central America, recorded in all months of the year, and confrmed breeding at least in Panama, this species is considered rare throughout its range. Photograph by Edwin Calderón. Since frst recorded in Honduras a decade ago, Elegant Tern has been reported with increasing frequency. Fall 2014 saw a marked increase in numbers, with an impressive 100 at a shrimp farm near San Lorenzo 11 November, including the birds shown here both in the foreground and background. Photograph by Oliver Komar.

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