North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 147 of 179

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 146 O R E G O N & WA S H I N G TO N highlighted the 40+ reports of this species. A rare non-coastal bird was at Auburn, King 5 Nov (ph. M. Frey). The only westside Eastern Kingbird away from known breeding sites was one at Langlois, Curry 5 Sep (K. Andersson). Fourteen Blue Jays were noted 27 Sep, with all but 2 e. of the Cascades. A Western Scrub- Jay in the Waatch River valley, Clallam 7 Sep (J. Scodino) was a rare occurrence for this section of the n. Washington coast, which is isolated from the nearest suitable habitat by the dense conifer forests that blanket the Olympic Pen - insula. A Clark's Nutcracker found dead near Westport, Grays Harbor 6 Oct (fde CW) pro - vided a rare outer coastal record for this spe- cies. Counts of 16 Blue-gray Gnatcatchers at Prineville Reservoir, Crook 1 Aug (S. Dougill) and 18 still there 21 Aug (C. Gates, M. Gon - zalez) illustrate how established this species is as breeder in this area, where little more than a decade ago it was still quite rare. Although there are many other individual sightings, and the presumption is that a few pairs are breed - ing elsewhere in cen. Oregon, this appears to be the lone site with regular nesting. Washing - ton's fourteenth Blue-gray Gnatcatcher visited Neah Bay 7-10 Nov (ph. BW, DW, RK); most of Washington's records have come during late fall or winter. The pattern of white in the rec - trices suggested that this individual was of the e. subspecies (P. c. caerulea). Washington's third and the Region's eighth Northern Wheatear stopped at Vashon Island, King 18-21 Oct (ph. M. Taylor, D. Taylor); all but one of the prior records have occurred early Sep–late Oct. A Purple Martin at Neah Bay, Clallam 3 Nov (ph. M. Hoekstra) was Washington's latest ever by more than six weeks. On the surface, a con - centration of 5000 Bank Swallows at Sprague Lake, Adams/Lincoln 29 Aug (G. Falco) seemed exceptional but may be typical of fall staging at this location. Single Cliff Swallows at Neah Bay 3 Nov (ph. J. Elder, M. Blue) and Everett 3 Nov (S. Giles) were over a month tardy for Washing - ton. Yet another Mountain Chickadee x Black- capped Chickadee hybrid was at Northrup Canyon, Grant 15 Nov (MY); reports of this cross are increasing, with most coming from this location in e. Washington. Single Moun - tain Chickadees at Duvall, King 31 Oct–10 Nov (M. Hoffman) and Browns Point, Pierce 15 Oct (B. Boyington) were the only reports from the westside lowlands. Single White-breasted Nut - hatches of the slender-billed subspecies, acu- leata, were at Lacey, Thurston 10 Nov (ph. R. Markay) and Vashon Island, King 14 Nov+ (ph. R. Siegrist); though still extant in sw. Washing - ton, the northerly population that once inhab- ited oak habitats in the s. P.T. blinked out in the early 1990s. An exceptionally late House Wren lingered at Sequim, Clallam 27 Nov (B. Paige); mingbird at Arlington, Snohomish 29 Nov+ (ph. C. Norton) was more than two months later than the typical departure date for Rufous. Lewis's Woodpeckers, rare in fall in w. Wash - ington, showed well, with 6 noted 11 Sep–24 Oct. Wandering Acorn Woodpeckers continue to be a story, with 10 found away from tradi - tional haunts. From 16 Oct+, an astounding 7 were noted in w. Washington, where there are only about 16 previous records. Equally sur - prising were 3 widely scattered birds in Coos 29 Aug–2 Sep (fde TR) and another at Wick - iup Reservoir, Deschutes 3 Nov (P. Low). Prior to about a decade ago, Acorns rarely strayed away from places where they are permanent residents, but this sort of fall dispersal now seems to be the norm. Fifteen Black-backed Woodpeckers near Naches, Yakima 17 Aug (T. Lorenz) made an exceptional count for Wash - ington. A Prairie Merlin (F. c. richardsoni) was at Leadbetter Point, Pacifc 12 Sep (RK); perhaps due to increased observer scrutiny, this subspe - cies is now detected annually in the Region. A Eurasian Hobby inhabiting the Waatch River valley, Clallam 26 Oct–1 Nov (ph. CW, ph. RM, SM, RS, BW) was Washington's second and just the third for the Lower 48; the Region's other came Oct 2001. The season's only Gyrfalcon was at New River, Coos 18 Oct+ (J. Heaney). Four westside lowland Prairie Falcons 5 Oct+ included a less-expected outer coastal bird at Arizona Beach, Curry 5 Oct (TR) and one in the P.T. at Fir Island, Skagit 23 Nov (GB). PASSERINES An Olive-side Flycatcher at Foster Island, King 28 Sep (NB) was the second latest for Wash - ington; this species normally departs by mid- Sep. The summering Eastern Wood-Pewee remained at Lind Coulee, Grant until at least 17 Aug (MY). Single Least Flycatchers at Sno - qualmie, King 24 Aug (ph. M. Hamilton), Battle Ground, Clark 27 Aug (†JD), and Bainbridge Island, Kitsap 13 Sep (ph. BW) add to fewer than 10 well-documented fall reports from w. Washington, though better recent reporting suggests that this species is regular stray in fall. Single Black Phoebes at Renton, King 19-23 Aug (ph. M. Hamilton) and Fife, King 1-22 Sep (M. Charest) were the only reports beyond the resident few at both Lacey, Thurston and Julia Butler N.W.R., Wahkiakum. A Say's Phoebe, not annual in fall in w. Washington, was at Hobuck Beach, Clallam 7-8 Sep (BT, ph. BW). From 5 Sep–24 Nov, 5 more Say's were noted in w. Oregon, where annual in fall. Extremely early Tropical Kingbirds, which rarely reach the Re - gion before Oct, were at Cape Blanco 21 Sep (R. Smith) and Neah Bay, Clallam 26 Sep (ph. BW, DW, RS). These, along with a Regional record 8 Tropicals at Neah Bay 8 Nov (CW), continues a remarkable recent string of reports from the W.V., where until about fve years ago this species was all but unknown. Both states had lingering Common Terns; one at Neah Bay, Clallam 24-29 Oct (A. Akmajian) and 2 at Hammond, Clatsop 28 Oct (MP) were over two weeks tardy. One still at Hammond 7 Nov (MP) adds to just a few Nov records in the Region. Major Elegant Tern incursions have become increasingly routine in the Region and no lon - ger appear to be strictly tied to strong El Niño events. At the onset of the season, Elegants were already moving northward in signifcant num - bers, with 60 at Gold Beach 4 Aug (TR). By mid- Sep, hundreds were being reported from many outposts along the Oregon coast, including the season's high count of 1000 at Gold Beach 10 Sep (TR); 450 roosting well inside the Colum - bia River mouth at the Hammond boat basin 18 Sep (MP) made the maximum n. of Coos/Curry. Elegants also showed well in Washington, in - cluding a maximum of 40 at East Sand Island, Pacifc 30 Aug (C. Congdon). Exceptionally late Elegants showed up in the P.T., where decidedly rarer, including 5 at P.N.P. 4 Oct (S. Giles), 9 at Bainbridge Island, Kitsap 4 Oct (BW et al.), and a record-late bird near Tacoma 25 Oct (BW, SM). Up to 250 were still around the mouth of the Columbia River 20 Oct (MP). By the end of Oct, nearly all were gone, with one at Coos Bay 1 Nov (TR) and 2 at Hammond 6 Nov (MP) providing the only Nov reports. Three Snowy Owls 19 Nov+ was a typi- cal non-irruption fall tally for Washington. A Northern Hawk Owl, rare but now annual in Washington, was near Brewster, Okanogan 14- 27 Nov (fde M. Spencer). A Common Poorwill at Duvall, King 17-24 Oct (ph. L. Nichols) was both late and a rare stray to the w. Washington lowlands. Washington's frst and the Region's third Broad-billed Hummingbird visited a Carson, Skamania feeder 25-26 Oct (ph. M. Schroeder, †M. Bartels); Oregon's records came from Sep 1998 and Oct 2001. A Black-chinned Hummingbird at Spokane 1 Oct (K. Thorburn) was three weeks tardy. A Rufous/Allen's Hum - This Broad-billed Hummingbird, a frst for Washington, spent two days attending a feeder in Carson, Skamania County 25-26 (here 26) October 2014. Photograph by Matt Schroeder.

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