North American Birds

VOLUME 69 No1 2016

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 111 of 179

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 110 Contributors (state editors in boldface): NORTH DAKOTA: Bob J. Anderson, Nancy E. Drilling, Corey D. Ellingson, Joe M. Gregg, Linda L. Gregg, Deb E. Hanson, Dan L. Kubischta, Dave O. Lambeth, Jack P. Lefor, Ron E. Martin, Mat - thew Spoor, Carl Stangeland, H. Clark Talkington, D. Lewis Young, Will Young. SOUTH DAKOTA: Chris Anderson, Doug Backland, Jocelyn L. Baker, Addison and Pat Ball, Joe Coppock, Roger N. Di - etrich, Nancy Drilling, Jennifer Fowler, Alice Hill, Richard S. Latuchie, Ron Mabie, Don and Janette Marker, Brad McDonald, Kenny Miller, Ricky D. Olson, Mark Otnes, Jeffrey S. Palmer, Kelly Pre - heim, Paul O. Roisen, Scott Stoltz, Dave Swanson, Cheryl Vellenga, J. David Williams. n ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Ron Martin, 16900 125th Street SE, Sawyer, North Dakota 58781-9284, ( terial in Jul, furnishing the frst evidence of nesting in the Black Hills. A late Black-headed Grosbeak was in Hughes, SD 28 Oct (DB). A Blue Grosbeak was in Minnehaha, SD 5 Oct (CV), providing the latest record for the state. The second latest sighting for South Dakota, a Dickcissel was in Lincoln 6 Nov (AH). Seven reports of Pine Grosbeaks in North Dakota 28 Oct–26 Nov was well above average. Three Red Crossbill reports in cen. North Dakota spanned 31 Aug–29 Nov, with a peak of 75 at Denbigh Experimental Forest 27 Nov (REM). All calls noted were of Type 2, the expected Type in most years. Lesser Goldfnches were noted in Pennington and Fall River, SD 3 Aug–4 Sep (APB, JSP). Evening Grosbeak reports away from the Black Hills were singles in Steele, ND 7-14 Nov (DLK) and Hughes, SD 9 Oct (KM). Dakota, begging Blue-gray Gnatcatchers were noted 27 Aug in Bowman (JPL). Two family groups totaling 9 birds were seen in the same area 30 Aug. In South Dakota, a Blue-gray Gnatcatcher was late 19 Oct in Douglas (KP). A late Nashville Warbler was in Lincoln, SD 6 Nov (AH). Black-throated Blue Warblers were in both Burleigh and Ward, ND 19 Sep (REM, CDE). In South Dakota, Black-throated Blues were noted in Edmonds 21 Sep (JDW) and in Clay 12-13 Oct (AH). Two Pine Warblers were seen in South Dakota, singles in Stanley 31 Aug (SS) and in Hughes 11 Nov (DB). A Black- throated Green Warbler was unusually far sw. in Billings, ND 1 Sep (JPL, CDE). A Northern Cardinal nest with eggs was found in Pennington, SD 5-15 Aug (JLB). The birds had been observed carrying nesting ma - N O R T H E R N G R E AT P L A I N S Southern Great Plains W. Ross Silcock Joseph A. Grzybowski –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– A utumn 2014 was routine, if notably sparse for warbler reports. Increasingly late departure dates continue to be the norm, notably among Empidonax fycatchers, warblers, sparrows, tanagers, grosbeaks, and buntings. Arrivals of northerly waterfowl and gull species in the Region, or at least Okla - homa, also seem to be later than in decades past. Many observers mentioned the paucity of some swallow and sparrow species, possibly consequences of a series of drought years be - ginning in 2011. Clay-colored Sparrows, nor- mally a common species in Oklahoma, were hard to come by this fall, and Barn Swallows and Northern Rough-winged Swallows also seemed unusually scarce. Uncommon wetland Goose at Quivira 7 Sep (SO) was probably a summer lingerer. Trumpeter Swans arrived in Kansas in mid-Nov, with 2 in Shawnee 14 Nov (BM) and 24 from 18 Nov+ (DH, MR, MZ); 7 Trumpeters reached Washington, OK by 30 Nov (S&GH). The only Tundra Swan reported was one in Neosho, KS 12 Nov (AB). Sightings of some Mute Swans in Nebraska continue to be suggestive of the beginnings of a feral popu - lation; a wary, unmarked pair was in Dixon 8 Nov (BFH), and a juv. was in Douglas 25 Nov (JR). An American Black Duck was identifed in Lancaster, NE 29 Nov (LE), and a surprising 5 singles were at various ne. Kansas locations 11-23 Nov (fde CO); this species has dwindled to relative obscurity in the Region. The only Mottled Duck was a male at Red Slough 26 Aug (DA). Early ducks in Nebraska included 3 Canvasbacks in Gosper 23 Sep (PR) and a Greater Scaup in Lancaster 11 Oct (MW). A summering male Ring-necked Duck was noted at Red Slough 26 Aug and 5 Sep (DA). The typical complement of scoters was reported. The Regional total of 9 Surf Scoters 4 Oct–13 Nov (fde WRS, CO, JAG) included one early in Cedar, NE 4 Oct (PR, RD) and Oklahoma's only scoter of any species, in Comanche 15 Oct (JA). A White-winged Scoter was in Douglas, KS 27 Oct (KS); and 5 Black Scoters were noted in Nebraska and Kansas 1-29 Nov (fde WRS, CO). Only 3 Long-tailed Ducks showed: a female in Lancaster, NE 11-27 Nov (LE, MW) and single imms. in Stafford, KS 7 Nov (MR) and Russell, KS 27 Nov (MR). Barrow's Gold - eneye is regular only in the extreme nw. part of the Region, so one in Tulsa, OK 22-28 Nov (BC) was notable. Rather early was a pair of birds such as Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Neotropic Cormorant, Tricolored Heron, White Ibis, and Common Gallinule were bare - ly mentioned away from Red Slough in south- eastern Oklahoma; King Rails were not report- ed anywhere else in the Region. Yellow Rail made a poor showing, even with survey ap - proaches applied at Red Slough. Among other species in lower numbers, Black-billed Magpie has become scarce from Nebraska to the Okla - homa Panhandle; and Chihuahuan Raven ap- pears to have withdrawn from its former range along the 100th meridian in Oklahoma, even across much of the Panhandle, its status pos - sibly masked by diffculties in identifcation. Rusty Blackbird, Purple Finch, and Evening Grosbeak were fewer and farther between. Nevertheless, the four-month fall season was full of fascinating late/lingering species, apparent reverse migrants, and those graceful, rare visitors such as Swallow-tailed Kite, Long- tailed Jaeger, Arctic Tern, and Painted Redstart that we all hope to encounter in the feld. Abbreviations: Cheyenne Bottoms (Cheyenne Bottoms W.M.A., Barton, KS); Hackberry Flat (Hackberry Flat W.M.A., Tillman, OK); McCo - naughy (McConaughy Reservoir, Keith, NE); Quivira (Quivira N.W.R., Stafford, KS); Red Slough (Red Slough W.M.A., McCurtain, OK); Salt Plains (Salt Plains N.W.R., Alfalfa, OK). WATERFOWL THROUGH CRANES Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks outside Red Slough in se. Oklahoma, where now regu - lar, were found only n. to Tulsa, OK 11 Aug (JE) and w. to Love, OK 6 Sep (BA). A Snow

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