North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO4 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 4 473 T h e c h a n g i n g s e a s o n s : o d d d u c k corax auritus) x Neotropic Cormorant (P. brasilianus) hybrid in Oklahoma. North American Birds 63: 348-351. Bordage, D., and J.-P. L. Savard. 2011. Black Scoter (Melanitta americana), in: The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, ed.). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Brinkley, E. S. 2013. The Changing Sea- sons: Strangers in a Strange Land. North American Birds 67: 216-228. ----. 2011. The Changing Seasons: Bedfel- lows. North American Birds 65: 14-26. COASST (Coastal Observation and Sea- bird Survey Team). 2009. Reports 2008- 2009. Retrieved online: https://depts. tions/annual%20reports/08-09.pdf. Crewe, M. 2014. Ducks like your nev- er saw them before. View From The Cape blog. Retrieved online: http:// c m b o v i e w f r o m t h e c a p e . b l o g s p o t . com/2014/07/ducks-like-you-never- saw-them-before.html Finch, D. W. 1969. The fall migration: Northeastern Maritime region. Audubon Field Notes 23: 13-22. Mills, E. 1969. Hurricane "Gladys" and its ornithological effect on the Mari- time Provinces. Nova Scotia Bird Society Newsletter 11 (1): 6-15. Godfrey, W. E. 1979. The Birds of Canada. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Savard, J.-P. L., D. V. Derksen, D. Esler, and J. M. Eadie. 2015. Ecology and Con- servation of North American Sea Ducks. Studies in Avian Biology. Cooper Orni- thological Society. CRC Press, Boca Ra- ton, Florida. Terry, L. 2009. Foam from ocean algae bloom killing thousands of birds. Or- egon Live. Retrieved online: http:// w w w. o re g o n l i v e . c o m / n e w s / i n d e x . ssf/2009/10/foam_from_ocean_algae_ bloom_ki.html. WHISPERS [Wildlife Health Informa- tion Sharing Partnership Event Report- ing System]. 2015. Data on Common (Black) Scoter. Accessed 14 January 2015 online: https://www.nwhc.usgs. gov/whispers/. n not been seen in eastern North America in 183 years (a bird in Maine, around 1831). The record is not without its somber as- pect: one can imagine this bird's eastward passage from the Pacifc was aided by an increasingly open Arctic Ocean. As we get deeper into this era of changing climate, our observations hold greater and greater value for scientists trying to understand the impacts on birds: we have an obliga- tion, as people able to identify birds, to re- port not just the birds that delight us but the beachcast specimens as well, which may also have a tale to tell. We live in interesting times, and there will be more odd ducks to come. Acknowledgments I thank Robert Dusek and Bryan J. Rich- ards of the United States Geological Sur- vey's National Wildlife Health Center, Gary Lester of the Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team, Linda L. Long of the Pacifc Southwest Research Sta- tion/Arcata, U. S. Forest Service, and Stan Harris, Elias Elias, Craig Strong, and Rob Fowler for information on scoters. Literature cited Armistead, G. L. 2013. Tropical Kingbird in Philadelphia. Cassinia 74/75: 130- 131. Arterburn, J. W., and R. S. Shepperd. 2009. A Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacro- bec 14 June, with possibly the same bird re-found at Pointe-des-Monts 1 August. With the record of Tropical Kingbird from Philadelphia 20 June 2013 (Armistead 2015), one has to wonder whether mid- June isn't a good time to go out and look for the species north of range, as we have for Scissor-tailed Flycatcher for years. Pushing the northern boundaries, too, are the buntings and cardinals, mostly in the spring and late autumn, but June is starting to have records of birds that don't seem in a hurry to leave. Adult male Painted Buntings, for instance, turned up in Québec at Hatley 3-6 June, Rimouski 5 June, and Forestville 15 June; other were in Green Lake County, Wisconsin 21 June and at Brookfeld, Connecticut 8 July, a very odd date. A fascinating Special Atten - tion box in the Alabama and Mississippi report digs into the status of Painted Bun - tings recently found nesting in the sup- posed gap between the eastern and west- ern populations of that species. With apologies to all other records of summer 2014, we must single out the Tufted Puffn found by Ralph Eldridge at Machias Seal Island, New Brunswick 17 June, a bird that remained over a month to be observed by many. Eldridge has been a lighthouse keeper more than forty years, 14 of those on Machias Seal Island, where he is often witness to remarkable birds and fallouts of migrants. But Tufted Puffn had Figure 9. Unrelated to any tropical storm activity, this juvenile Sooty Tern was found near Mulberry, Crawford County Arkansas on 17 June 2014. Photograph by Rick Carson.

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