North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO4 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 23 of 123

Figure 6. A bit east of usual summer range, this Western Grebe graced Fort Frances, Rainy River District, Ontario 17 (here 22) June through 4 July 2014. Photograph by Michael S. Dawber. N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 470 T h e c h a n g i n g s e a s o n s : o d d d u c k to gather steam late in 2014, we have ex- pected more southern boobies to move northward. Indeed, by the time this essay is printed, some parts of California might be seeing a lot of ... Sulidae. Arthur Early summer hurricanes in the mid-At- lantic states and Atlantic Canada are few and far between, and those with records of bird displaced are fewer still. Many of these summer storms are underestimated, as their winds are nothing to write home about compared to the nor'easters bird- ers experience routinely on the Atlantic coast. Very few storms beginning with "A" feature as "bird storms" in the regional re- at Shackleford Banks, North Carolina as a Category 2 hurricane, with sustained winds of 100 mph (161 km/hr)—the ear- liest hurricane on record to make landfall in North Carolina. The storm then moved offshore, past Cape Cod, and made land- fall again 5 July at Meteghan, Nova Scotia and crossed the Bay of Fundy into south- ern New Brunswick. Black Skimmer. This poor old bird re- ally didn't need another hurricane dis- rupting its rather tentative hold on repro- ductive success (see the Hudson-Delaware report for news of the continued decline there and the California reports, for news of breeding failures in the Pacifc). But up north they went with Arthur, presumably ports, though there was that Virginia re- cord of White-crowned Pigeon after Hur- ricane Andrea 9 June 2013. These storms tend to be weaker than storms later in the season, and so the names Arthur, Ana, Alex, Arlene, Alberto, and Andrea are ro- tated endlessly, with none of the names being retired, as none have caused signif- cant damage to life or property. But Arthur was a notable bird storm, especially if you live in eastern Canada, where records were shattered for a few species. Arthur originated as a low-pres- sure area 28 June and was recognized as a tropical depression, then a tropical storm, on 1 July. It intensifed off the Bahamas and made landfall 3 July at 11:15 p.m.

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