North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO4 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 114 of 123

V O L U M E 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 4 561 C e n t r a l a m e r i C a El Salvador, where the species is rarely reported, 2 Black Swifts were observed at Miramundo 5 Jul, providing the frst record for Chalatenango (MBo, JA, ECa, MT). As with most sight records of Black Swift in the Region, the closely similar White-chinned Swift, although unlikely, is also a possibility. Providing the frst summer record for Be- lize, a female American Kestrel was found near Independence, Stann Creek 27 Jun (ph. JMe). The bird is presumed to be a stray of the resi- dent tropicalis subspecies found in Guatemala and Honduras rather than an oversummering North American bird. Summer months are of- ten when altitudinal migrations take place, and small numbers of highland birds show up in valleys or lowlands. A notable case in Honduras this year was a Barred Parakeet found at Zamo- rano University campus, Francisco Morazán 7 & 10 Jul (OK). Long known from Honduras by only a single specimen collected in 1947 on Roatán, Yellow-lored Parrot was forgotten by most Hondurans and presumed extinct on Roatán. But 6 Yellow-lored Parrots were seen 10 Jun at Turquoise Bay, Roatán, and at least 4 were present the next day (ph. OK). A Sapayoa, seen 20 Jul on the Calle Maipo Trail at Cerro Azul, Panamá (EC, AG, IR), was one of the few ever reported from this locality. First reported in Nicaragua in 2008, a Buff- breasted Flycatcher seen 22 Jun on Mogotón Mountain, Nueva Segovia (MB) provided what was apparently only the second country record. A Black Phoebe seen 24 Jun at Playa Nancite, Santa Rosa N.P., Guanacaste (ph. ER) was noteworthy, as this species normally does not occur below about 400 m elevation, and when it does it is almost always at the base of nearby mountains. This bird was on a Pacifc coast beach some 15-20 km from Reserve pine savanna 26 Jul (VB) provided one of the few records of this species for Belize's Toledo District. A recent increase in reports of Eurasian Collared-Dove in cen. Petén indicates that the species is becoming established there. This summer, in San Benito, one was seen 10 Jun (JPC, MR), one on 8 Jul (ph. JPC), and 17 on 7 Jul (CE), and 2 were seen 18 Jul at La Lib- ertad (ph. CE). Three Plain-breasted Ground- Doves near Mucbilhá, Alta Verapaz, 15 km ne. of Chiséc, 17 Jun (JPC) and 3 more at Sierra Caral, Izabal 24 Jun (JPC) were at new localities in Guatemala where the species continues to expand its range. Very rare and irregular in the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica, a Violaceous Quail-Dove was at heavily birded La Selva, He- redia 1 Jun (ph. JAl), providing only the fourth record, and frst to be photographically docu- mented, for the site. On 12 Jul, what was believed to be a Pearly- breasted Cuckoo was heard calling at the Río Mono Bridge on the Inter-American Highway, Panamá (EC, AG, IR). Although it responded to a recording and was observed carrying a twig, it was not seen well enough to visually confrm its identity. The identity was confrmed 25 Jul when 2 individuals were observed building a nest at the site (EC, ph. AGu). On 30 Jul, a bird was seen on the nest (ph. RL). These reports confrm the frst record for Central America (there is an 1863 record from the n. Lesser Antilles) and the frst breeding record for North America. OWLS THROUGH FLYCATCHERS A Central American Pygmy-Owl vocalizing 9 Jun at Marble Hill Farms Resort on Roatán (Is- las de la Bahía) was unexpected offshore and new for the Bay Islands (v.r. OK). A presumed female Black Swift closely observed in Chelem- há Reserve, Alta Verapaz 6 Jul (KE) represented a rare summer record for Guatemala. And in the closest montane habitat. A Cattle Tyrant seen 16 Jul at Juan Hombrón, Coclé (ph. EC, AG, IR) provided the westernmost record of the species in Panama. At the other end of the Re- gion, an Eastern Kingbird seen 21 Jul in Belize at Ranchito, Corozal Town (NW) was an early fall migrant. Vagrancy patterns in Scissor-tailed Flycatchers are fairly well known, but individu- als oversummering on the wintering grounds are unusual. Thus, one capable of fight but ap- parently in poor health was an unexpected fnd at El Jicarito 12 Jul (MM, RJ, ph. JvD). SWALLOWS THROUGH OLD WORLD SPARROWS Exceptional were 20,000-30,000 Purple Mar- tins seen the evening of 29 Jul (VR) fying east- ward through Ladyville, Belize. This region of Belize is well known locally as an early fall-mi- gration staging area for Purple Martins. Infre- quently reported from Honduras, an American Dipper found 22 Jun under a bridge n. of La Esperanza, Intibucá provided a new department record (RJ, ph. JvD). A Black-headed Nightin- gale-Thrush seen 10 Jun near Tzalamilá, 10 km ne. of Tucurú, Alta Verapaz (v.r. KE), provided the frst record for the Yalijux mountain range. Three Black Catbirds seen in Santa Ana 11 Jun (JPC), 6 at the same site 8 Jul (JPC), and one at Ta- Pictured here is one of six Yellow-lored Parrots seen 10 June 2014 at Turquoise Bay on Roatán Island, the largest of Honduras's Bay Islands. The only other documented record for Honduras, also from Roatán, was of a specimen collected in 1947. Photograph by Oliver Komar. This juvenile American Kestrel, photographed 27 June 2014 near Independence in coastal southern Belize, was the frst to be recorded in Belize in summer and may have been a stray from the resident Falco sparverius tropicalis population in nearby Guatemala or Honduras. Photograph by Jan Meerman. Unlike shorebirds, gulls, some waterfowl, and some raptors, most landbirds seldom oversummer on their wintering grounds. Thus, this out-of-season Scissor-tailed Flycatcher found 12 July 2014 at El Jicarito on the Pacifc coast of Honduras was entirely unexpected. Its occurrence in midsummer, however, may be explained by the bird's apparent poor health, despite the fact that it was capable of sustained fight. Photograph by John van Dort. American Dipper is an uncommon and local resident along mountain streams in northern Central America. This individual, found 22 June 2014 under a bridge north of La Esperanza, provided a new record for Intibucá Department in Hondu- ras. Photograph by John van Dort.

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