North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO4 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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457 V o l u m e 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N u m b e r 4 commoN scoter iN North america ogy 121: 696-702. Scott, P. 1957. A Coloured Key to the Wildfowl of the World. The Wildfowl Trust, Slim- bridge, United Kingdom. Seeler, D. 2015. The summer season: Atlan - tic Provinces and St. Pierre et Miquelon. North American Birds 68: 482-485. Sibley, D. A. 2014. The Sibley Guide to Birds. Knopf, New York. Sofronov, Y. N. 2012. The Animal King- dom. Part 2. Birds. The history of bird study in the Lena River delta. [In Rus- sian: Животный мир. Раздел II. Птицы. История изучения птиц дельты Лены.] Retrieved online: http://ustlen- html?start=4. Stishov, M. S. 2004. Wrangel Island: The Stan- dard of Nature and Natural Anomaly. Mari Polygraph Publishing House, Yoshkar-Ola, Russia. [In Russian: Остров Врангеля – эталон природы и природная аномалия. Йошкар-Ола, изд-во Марийского полиграфкомбината.] Svensson, L., P. J. Grant, K. Mullarney, D. Zetterström, and D. A. Christie. 2002. The Complete Guide to the Birds of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Syroechkovsky, E. E. (ed.). 2011. Полевой определитель гусеобразных птиц России. [Field Guide for Anseriformes of Russia.] Goose, Swan, and Duck Study Group of Northern Eurasia, Moscow. Tobish, T. 2011. The fall migration: Alaska region. North American Birds 65: 139-146. Waring, D. 1993. Identifcation forum: fe- male Black Scoter. Birding World 6: 78-79. Wright, M. 2011. Tufted Puffn in Kent: New to Britain. British Birds 104: 261-265. n Yakut Branch of the Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Yakutsk, Russia. [In Russian: Растительный и животный мир дельты реки Лены. Якутский филиал СО АН СССР, Якутск.] Madge, S., and H. Burn. 1988. Waterfowl: An Identifcation Guide to the Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. Houghton Miffin, Bos- ton, Massachusetts. Meltofte, H. 1977. Ornitologiske observa- tioner i Germania Land, Nordøstgrøn- land, 1975. [Ornithological observations in Germania Land, Northeast Green- land, 1975.] Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift 71: 81-94. Ornithological Society of Japan. 2012. Check-list of Japanese Birds. Seventh edi- tion. Ornithological Society of Japan, Sanda, Japan. Palmer, R. S. 1976. Handbook of North Ameri- can Birds. Volume 3. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. Pearce, J. M., D. Elser, A. G. Degtyarev. 1998. Birds of the Indigirka River delta, Russia: historical and biogeographic compari- sons. Arctic 51: 361-370. Peters, J. L. 1931. Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 1. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Phillips, J. C. 1926. A Natural History of the Ducks. Volume 4. Houghton Miffin, Bos- ton, Massachusetts. Rottenborn, S. C., M. M. Rogers, J. N. Davis, and E. Pandolfno. 2012. The spring mi - gration: Northern California region. North American Birds 66: 551-554. Sangster, G. 2009. Acoustic differences be- tween the scoters Melanitta nigra nigra and M. n. americana. Wilson Journal of Ornithol- 1989. Distinguishing characters of Ameri- can/East Asian race of Common Scoter. British Birds 82: 615-616. Dement'ev, G. P., N. A. Gladkov, Y. A. Isakov, N. N. Kartashev, S. V. Kirikov, A. V. Mih- keev, E. S. Ptushenko (eds.). 1967. Birds of the Soviet Union. Volume 4. Translation of Птицы Советского Союза by the Is- rael Program for Scientifc Translations, Jerusalem. Translated by A. Birron and Z. S. Cole; edited by Z. S. Cole. Smithson- ian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. Garner, M., and Friends. 2008. Frontiers in Birding. BirdGuides Ltd., Sheffeld, United Kingdom. Kapitonov, V. I. 1962. Ornithological obser- vations in the lower reaches of the Lena River. Ornitologiya 5: 35-48. [In Rus- sian: Орнитологические наблюдения в низовьях Лены. Орнитология 5: 35-48.] Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, Geese and Swans. Vol- ume 2: Cairina to Mergus. Oxford Univer- sity Press, Oxford. Labutin Y. V., V. I. Pozdnyakov, and N. I. Ger- mogenov. 1978. New data on the northern limits of distribution of birds in the val- ley of the Lena River. – Bulletin of scien- tifc and technical information. Biological problems of the North. Yakut Branch of the Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Yakutsk, Russia. [In Russian: Новые данные о северных границах распространения птиц в долине реки Лены. – Бюллетень научно-технической информации. Биологические проблемы Севера. Издание Якутского филиала СО АН СССР, Якутск.] ----. 1978. Flora and Fauna of the Lena River. Figure 12. Flock of Common Scoters with one vagrant adult male Black Scoter at Blåvand, Denmark, 12 February 2013. Compared to the Common Scoters, the male Black shows a heavier-looking head and thicker neck; all birds are in alert posture, with necks outstretched, making for optimal comparison of these features. Photograph by Yann Kolbeinsson.

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