North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 260 both places where they have occurred previ- ously, but also on the Salt–Verde Rivers C.B.C., at Eloy and at Rio Rico 1 Feb (30 birds; LH), suggesting some movement this year. Late or wintering individual Tree Swallows were at Whitewater Draw W.A. 22 Dec (D. Braddy) and 1-9 Jan (R. Beck); 20 were at Palo Verde 28 Dec (DS). Two at Whitewater Draw W.A. 31 Jan (AR) were likely early migrants, while a big push of 3500 were at Lake Havasu 16 Feb (K. Blair). Violet-green Swallows along the Santa Cruz River at Marana 24 Jan (KK) and at B.T.A. 1 Feb (TC) were most likely early mi- grants. More unusual was a Bank Swallow re- ported at Yuma East Wetlands 23-24 Dec (TD); this species is casual in the state in winter. Sev- eral Barn Swallows lingered in s. Arizona into late Dec. About a month early was a Barn Swal- low at Kachina Wetlands s. of Flagstaff 22 Feb (B. Healy). Two Black-capped Chickadees were at Fredonia 1 Jan–12 Feb (SP; †LH), and another 4 were reported (without details) from Pipe Springs 13 Dec (fde Z. Zdinak); both locations are very close to breeding areas in sw. Utah. Mountain Chickadees staged a mini-invasion into low-elevation areas in both s. and n. Ari- zona, with several reports from riparian areas across the state. Along with the usual scat- tering of Pacifc Wren reports, single Winter Wrens were reported from Agua Fria N.M. 13 Dec (ph., †B. Patrick), Willow Creek, Yavapai 1 Jan (W. Anderson), Dudleyville 4 Jan (†TC), and the Alchesay Fish Hatchery, Navajo 25 Jan (†EH). This species has proven to be a rare but regular visitor in winter. Pairs of Cactus Wrens continued at Bill Williams River N.W.R. 1 Dec+ (LHa et al.) and along the Parker Strip at Cienega Springs 22 Jan (LHa); this species has become rare and is declining in the L.C.R.V. The Sinaloa Wren in Huachuca Canyon and the other along the Santa Cruz River near Tu- bac continued (seen sporadically) throughout the winter. A Blue-gray Gnatcatcher at Paria Beach, Colorado River 20 Jan (BG) provided a rare n. Arizona winter report. Golden-crowned Kinglets were reported as more widespread than usual in the Flagstaff/Grand Canyon re- gion, while several were reported at odd scat- tered locations in s. Arizona, but we would not characterize the invasion as "major." A mini-invasion of Eastern Bluebirds oc- curred, with reports of 6 from Miller Creek in the Rincon Mountains 14 Dec (M. Griffths), 2 at Catalina S.P. 30 Dec (ph. W. Schackwitz), 8 at the Alchesay Fish Hatchery, Navajo 21 Jan (ph. EH), up to 4 at Lake Montezuma 27 Jan–17 Feb (ph. V. Nelson), and another 3 along Paige Creek, Rincon Mountains 22 Feb (ph. PS); it would be very interesting know which sub- species of Eastern Bluebird these reports rep- slope Flycatchers, and there is no confrmed Cordilleran Flycatcher record from the state during winter. A Black Phoebe from along the Little Colorado River near Cameron 13 Jan (CL) provided one of very few winter records from the Navajo Indian Reservation. No fewer than 7 Eastern Phoebes were found during the season in s. Arizona, about average for a single winter. A Say's Phoebe found on the Flagstaff C.B.C. 28 Dec (B. Hart) was new for this count; the species is rarely reported from this high el- evation in n. Arizona during winter. The Nut- ting's Flycatcher that was re-discovered at Mos- quito Flats, Bill Williams River N.W.R. during the fall was last seen 8 Feb (ph., v.r. DVP et al.). Another Nutting's Flycatcher, either the Mos- quito fats bird or a dispersing young bird from local nesting, was located at Mineral Wash, also at Bill Williams River N.W.R. but a fair distance from Mosquito Flats, 25 Feb (v.r. DVP). More Cassin's Kingbirds than usual lingered or win- tered at a number of locations in s. Arizona. A Loggerhead Shrike was at a particularly high elevation for winter at Mormon Lake 4 Jan (ph. B. Hart). The only Northern Shrike of the season was reported from Fredonia 1 Jan (SP). A very late Bell's Vireo was at the B.T.A. 7 Dec (ph. MW), while one at Tucson 26 Dec (MMS, MP) may have been wintering. No fewer than 5 others were reported in the period 8-27 Feb, perhaps representing wintering birds or (more likely) early migrants. One to 2 Gray Vireos were found in South Mountain Park 5 Dec–2 Feb (N. Bonomo), while another 2 were in the Dome Rock Mountains 11 Dec (C. Smith); re- cent surveys in sw. Arizona have found more wintering locations in the state for this species. Two different singing Hutton's Vireos were re- corded 24 Feb at Bill Williams River N.W.R. (v.r. LHa), where this species is casual at best. A Warbling Vireo reported from Sabino Canyon 25 Nov–29 Dec (J. Hengesbaugh) represented a very late local record. Steller's Jays were out of normal range at Oak Flat Campground 1 Jan (B. Buck) and at Black Rock Mountain, Virgin Mountains, Mohave 18 Feb (S. Langston). Scattered Western Scrub- Jays found during the fall along the L.C.R.V. at both Bill Williams River N.W.R. and Havasu N.W.R. lingered into winter. A Western Scrub- Jay was seen fying "through open Sonoran Desert" on the Gila River C.B.C. 30 Dec (fde TC). Small numbers of Clark's Nutcrackers ventured southward to Mount Graham 9-29 Dec (ph. AR, R. Wilde) and to Barfoot Junc- tion, Chiricahua Mountains 16 Jan (JY). Seven seen in the Virgin Mountains 18 Feb (S. Langs- ton) were out of the normal breeding range in Arizona. American Crows continue to show up at odd locations in s. Arizona, such as in the Sulphur Springs Valley and the Mohave Valley, winter, a Violet-crowned Hummingbird stayed all season in lower Ramsey Canyon (J. & M. Hirth). Elegant Trogons winter in small num- bers in the state. At Patagonia Lake, an imm. male joined the familiar ad. male 28 Dec+ (J. Musser). More unusual were up to 3 in lower Florida Canyon 13 Dec+ (E. Pilotte, m.ob.), a heavily birded area where they have not win- tered in the past. Belted Kingfsher is casual in the n. in winter; singles were at Bellemont 18 Dec (D. Sattler) and Flagstaff 2 Jan (T. Blows). A single second-hand report of a Green King- fsher n. of Hwy. 90 along the San Pedro River 8 Jan (fde D. Nagle) was the only sign of the spe- cies. The only reported Red-breasted Sapsucker continued in lower Madera Canyon through 27 Jan for its fourth consecutive winter there. Wandering Crested Caracaras included one found near Tubac 18 Dec (PS), 2 s. of Yuma 23 Dec–5 Jan (C. Green, M. J. Hagge), one at Ar- lington 30 Dec (R. Bowker), 2 in the Avra Val- ley 3 Feb (ph. SO), and one at Rio Rico 4 Feb (L. Miller, ph. J. Vogt). Along Sasco Rd. in the Santa Cruz Flats, an unprecedented 104 cara- caras were foraging in a freshly plowed feld 24 Jan (DJ), with 80 still present 28 Jan (B. Walsh). By comparison, observers typically turn up 20- 40 in the entire area in winter. FLYCATCHERS THROUGH LONGSPURS Greater Pewee, a casual winter visitor in s. and w. Arizona, was detected at Tucson 27 Nov–7 Feb (m.ob.), along the Santa Cruz River near Tubac 29 Dec–2 Jan (LH), in French Joe Canyon 14 Jan and 17 Feb (L. Brug), and at 'Ahakhav Tribal Preserve near Parker 22 Jan+ (ph. LHa), the last bird frst found during the fall season. Hammond's Flycatchers attempted wintering at locations farther n. and w. than usual in Arizona, with one at Indian Garden, Grand Canyon 12 Dec+ (J. Pietrzak), one at Wet Beaver Creek Campground 20 Dec–7 Jan (ph. V. Nelson), one at Mosquito Flats, Bill Wil- liams River N.W.R. 22 Dec–3 Jan (M. Ander- son), one at Camp Creek 25 Dec–19 Jan (ph. B. Ison), one at Dead Horse Ranch S.P. 5 Jan (ph. G. Botello), and another at Cibola N.W.R. 17 Jan (DVP, LHa). Dusky Flycatcher is rarer in Ar- izona in winter the farther n. one goes; unusual sightings of this species included one at Pica- cho Reservoir 4 Dec (DS), one at Montezuma Well 1 Jan (B. Hart), and another at Agua Fria N.M. 7 Jan (M. Riegner). Pacifc-slope/Cordil- leran Flycatchers, casual in the state in winter, were reported from Sabino Canyon dam area 22 Nov+ (MMS, SO), Tres Rios Wetlands 15 Dec (TC), at Arivaca Lake 22 Dec (WR), along the Santa Cruz River near Santa Gertrudis Lane 6 Jan (KK), and at Bill Williams River N.W.R. 8-9 Jan (ph. J. Richmond); all winter calling birds and specimens have proven to be Pacifc- ArizonA

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