North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 2 239 N o r t h e r N g r e at p l a i N s the female at Hazen, Mercer 5 Dec–5 Jan (fde Judy Dinkins) of great interest. Cited observers (state editors in boldface): MONTANA: Chuck Carlson, Barry Southard. NORTH DAKOTA: Bob J. Anderson, Thomas Boyer, Kevin Downs, Corey D. Ellingson, Deb E. Hanson, Sandra Johnson, Armand Lagasse, Ron Martin, Ted Nordhagen, Jan Sailer, Stacy L. Whipp. SOUTH DAKOTA: Chris Anderson, Doug Backlund, Bill Bossman, Roger N. Diet- rich, Nancy Drilling, Kent C. Jensen, Richard S. Latuchie, Ron Mabie, Samuel and Robert Manning, Michael M. Melius, Charlie E. Miller, Kenny Miller, Ricky D. Olson, Jeffrey S. Palm- er, Kelly Preheim, Scott Stolz, Dan N. Svingen, David Swanson, Bill J. Unzen. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Dan Svingen, 1141 south highland acres road, Bismarck, North Dakota 58501, (dsvingen@fs.fed.us) ported from Charles Mix last winter. An elusive bird present for much of Dec along Rapid City Creek, Rapid City, SD (MMM) was believed to be a Paci c Wren; it was last reported 1 Jan (RSL). A Carolina Wren was at Yankton, SD 15 Dec–8 Feb (CA, RND, DS), where rare. An easterly Townsend's Solitaire was found on the 17 Dec Valley City, ND C.B.C. Hermit Thrush reports included singles at Brookings, SD 1 Jan (KCJ) and in Union, SD 17 Feb (DS); the species is seasonally very rare. Regionally, Bohemian Waxwings were most prevalent in South Dakota this winter, though even there the reports were widely scattered. The peak number reported was 201 in Rapid City, SD 31 Jan (ND). Seasonally accidental, a Com- mon Yellowthroat was in Pennington, SD 4 Dec (MMM). Northern Cardinals are only oc- casionally found in w. North Dakota, making of interest. The spread of Pileated Woodpecker across North Dakota has been previously dis- cussed in this column, but the discovery of one on the plains of Burke, ND during the 18 Dec C.B.C. at Lostwood N.W.R. was nev- ertheless shocking (fde CDE). Seasonally rare Peregrine Falcons were found on the 17 Dec Shadehill, SD C.B.C. (ND, DNS) and in Hard- ing, SD 23 Feb (CEM). PASSERINES The continuing population increase of Com- mon Ravens in the Region was well illustrated by the Burke, ND fock of 14 on a deer car- cass 1 Feb (TN). The species also continues to spread throughout the Region, with single Common Ravens being found in Charles Mix, SD 14 Dec (KP) and in Walworth, SD 7 Jan (DNS). A Common Raven had also been re- Southern Great Plains Joseph A. Grzybowski W. Ross Silcock –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T he winter 2013-2014 season was gen- erally lackluster, except perhaps for the appearance of 11 species of gulls at Lake Hefner, Oklahoma from mid-December through mid-February, and an increasing ar- ray of Trumpeter Swans now wintering regu- larly into northeastern Oklahoma and beyond. Colder weather kept half-hardy lingerers south of recent latitudes, including shorebird species, Forster's Terns (withdrawing by mid-Decem- ber), Eastern Phoebes, and other passerines. Despite the harsh winter, species such as Com- mon Mergansers—whose winter ranges have withdrawn northward in the Region in recent with a red collar, from the Iowa program, was with a fock of 22 in Cass, NE 20 Jan (L&BP). Tundra Swans are now rarer than Trumpeters, although there were more reports this season than usual. Four Tundras were at three loca- tions in Nebraska (fde WRS); 17 were at six lo- cations in Kansas away from the regular winter- ing sites at Cheyenne Bottoms and Quivira (fde JK); and 7 were at two locations in Oklahoma: 4 in Osage 4-15 Jan (JP, AJ, MP) and 3 in Creek 18-22 Jan (L&MT; JW, LM, DaM). A male Mandarin Duck returned to Hall, NE 12 Jan (SM) for the third straight winter. A Gadwall x Mallard hybrid was at McConaughy 16 Feb (JGJ). The only report of Eurasian Wi- geon was of an early migrant pair in Sarpy, NE 21 Feb (EB). Single American Black Ducks were reported in Douglas, NE 9 Jan–23 Feb (JR, m.ob.), Wyandotte, KS 4 Jan–2 Feb (MA, PH), Pottawatomie, KS 24 Jan (BM), and at Red decades—did not appear in the large numbers that might have been expected. Winter fnches were few. Black-billed Magpie populations con- tinue to decline in Nebraska. Abbreviations: Cheyenne Bottoms (Cheyenne Bottoms W.M.A., Stafford, KS); Hefner (Lake Hefner, Oklahoma, OK); McConaughy (McCo- naughy Reservoir, Keith, NE); Quivira (Quivira N.W.R., Barton, KS); Red Slough (Red Slough W.M.A., McCurtain, OK). WATERFOWL Up to 20 Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks win- tered in McCurtain, OK 25 Dec+ (BH, m.ob.). Higher-than-usual numbers of Greater White- fronted Geese and Snow Geese wintered in Nebraska (fde WRS), with as many as 12,650 Snows still at McConaughy 28 Dec (SJD). A rare dark-morph Ross's Goose was in Sequoyah, OK 8 Jan (KW). Mute Swans have recently shown a pattern of appearing in winter; an imm. was in Comanche, OK 28 Dec–18 Feb (JA, m.ob.), and 5 were at three locations in Kan- sas during the period (JK, BG, AB). Trumpeter Swan has become established in the Region, with increasing numbers wintering in Kansas and Oklahoma. This season, no fewer than 64 Trumpeters were reported from 11 locations in Oklahoma (fde JAG), with high counts of 75 in Wyandotte, KS 12 Jan (MG et al.) and 105 in Loup, NE 12 Dec (DH). Among a wintering fock of up to 30 Trumpeters in Douglas, NE was one with an orange wing tag #387, origi- nating from a Minnesota program (JR); one One of several in Oklahoma in winter 2013-2014 was this male Barrow's Goldeneye at Lake Yahola, Tulsa County 27 December 2013 (here) through 5 January 2014. Photograph by Bill Carrell.

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