North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 62 of 131

V O L U M E 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 2 229 T e n n e s s e e & K e n T u c K y RD, SD), and one on Kentucky Lake, Marshall 12-31 Dec (BP, HC, ME). There were six reports of Red-necked Grebe: one continuing from Nov on Cave Run Lake 3 Dec (BW); one on Gibson County Lake, TN 1 Jan (MG); one on Nickajack Lake, Marion, TN 17 Jan (KC); one on the Tennessee River, Hamilton, TN 27 Jan (SNM, MM); one at Rac- coon Mountain Storage Facility Lake, Marion, 14 Feb (TR); and 5 on Green River Lake, Tay- lor, KY 22 Feb (†DHa). Only one Eared Grebe was present at the usual wintering spot on South Holston Lake, Sullivan, TN 6 Dec–18 Feb (m.ob.). Else- where, 3 were in Scott, TN 10 Dec (NM) and 4 were on Norris Lake, Union, TN 1 Feb (NM). Ospreys are rare during winter; single individuals were at Fort Loudoun Lake, Knox/ Blount, TN 5-8 Dec (DE, CWe); in Shelby, TN 12 Dec (found in- jured and euthanized; fde KMa); and at Eagle Bend Fish Hatch- ery, Anderson, TN 24 Feb (RDH, DMy). A light- morph imm. Ferruginous Hawk in Lake, TN 27 Jan (MG) furnished the third state record. One to 2 Rough-legged Hawks were found at eight Kentucky locales. It was an excellent winter for Rough-legged Hawks in Tennessee, where they are less regular and most regularly appear in the w. portion of the state. Three were found in Lake during the Reelfoot C.B.C. 14 Dec (m.ob.), 2 were in Obion 20 Dec (MG), one was in s. Lake 11 Jan (KO), and one was at Bogota W.M.A., Dyer 19 Dec (SZ). Golden Eagles were reported from an unprecedented number of locations (10 in Kentucky and 13 in Tennessee) during the season; possibly up to 9 different individuals were tallied at Bernheim Forest, Bullitt/Nelson, KY as identifed on trail cam photographs (KV). Three were at Bear Hollow Mountain W.M.A., Franklin, TN, also from trail cam photographs (SSo); 3 were at Hatchie N.W.R., Haywood, TN 16 Dec (SSo); 2 were at Duck River 4 Dec (RS, m.ob.); and 2 were near the Cordova Library, Shelby, TN 24 Jan (DPr). All other reports were of single individuals. Virginia Rails were heard at four Kentucky and three Tennessee locales: 5 at the Long Point Unit Reelfoot N.W.R. (4 in Fulton, KY, and one in Lake, TN) 14 Dec (BP et al.); 3 at the Ken Unit, Peabody W.M.A., Ohio, KY 28 Dec (BP); 5 at two traditional e. Muhlenberg, KY wintering sites 29 Dec (BP); 2 in Kingsport, TN 13 Jan (RLK), with one still present there 22 Feb (RP); 2 at Standifer Gap Marsh, Hamilton, TN 14 Dec (DPa); and one at Savannah Bottoms, Hardin, TN 8 Feb (WP). A Sora was present at King- sport, TN 2 Dec and 13 Jan (RLK). Peak counts of northbound Sandhill Cranes included the following new state high counts for Kentucky tallied at what have become the state's two tra- ditional staging areas: 18,250 at Barren River Lake 3 Feb (WT et al.) with 24,185 there 10-11 Feb (WT et al.), and 22,000 in w. Hardin 18 Feb (EHa), with 15,475 there 24 Feb (EHa). SHOREBIRDS THROUGH FALCONS The lingering Black-necked Stilt in Robertson, TN continued through 2 Jan (TL, SSo, m.ob.), establishing the frst winter record for the state. A Western Sandpiper on Kentucky Lake, Cal- loway, KY 25 Jan (ph. HC) was quite unusual during midwinter. There were four reports of Greater Yellowlegs: one at Cherokee Lake, Grainger, TN 28 Dec (DMi); one at Gibson County Lake, Gibson, TN 6 Jan (MG); one at Norris Lake, Union, TN 12 Feb (RDH, DMy); and 2 at John Sevier Lake, Hawkins, TN 27 Feb sA As is usually the case, a few White-winged Scoters were found during early winter, but an unprecedented fight (including large numbers of ad. males, which are sel- dom encountered in the Region) commenced during the third week of Jan and continued into Feb. On the Ohio River at Louisville, numbers had increased to 50 by 30 Jan (BP, DS, EHu et al.), then to 116 counted in several focks 9 Feb (BP, BW), then to 145 on11 Feb (BP et al.) and 158 on 14 Feb (BP et al.); numbers at most sites began to diminish thereafter. Similarly, in Tennessee, a peak count (and state record high count) of 100 was recorded on the Ten- nessee River, Hamilton 27 Jan (DHo, AT), with 61 still there 16 Feb (MP). During this period, one to 40 were also noted at nearly 20 additional Kentucky locales, mostly on the Ohio River, and 26 additional (mostly e.) Tennessee locales. The most notable of these reports included up to 39 on the Ohio River at Dayton, Campbell, KY 12 Jan (BW, JF et al.); 56 total on the Ohio River, Gallatin, KY 10 Feb (BP); 26 on Woods Reservoir, Franklin, TN 27 Jan (SSo); 26 on Douglas Lake, Jeferson, TN 18 Feb (KW); and up to 23 on Percy Priest Lake, Davidson, TN 1-10 Feb (FF, SSo, m.ob.). Like White-winged Scoters, a few Long-tailed Ducks were noted early in the season, but a pronounced and unprecedented fight into the Region commenced during late Jan and con- tinued into mid-Feb (a few weeks later than the White-winged Scoters). In Tennessee, reports during Jan and Feb came from 11 counties, mostly in the east, with noteworthy counts of 8-10 at Watts Bar Lake, Roane 15-23 Feb (RDH, DMy, m.ob.); 6 on South Holston Lake, Sullivan 16-24 Feb (TM, CM, m.ob.); and 4-5 on Cherokee Lake, Jeferson/Grainger (RDH, DMy, m.ob.). Highlights from Kentucky included one to 3 on the Ohio River at Louisville 26 Jan–12 Feb (EHu, DS et al.) with a peak count of 9 there 24 Feb (ph. EHu et al.); an ad. male at Frankfort, Franklin, KY 5-6 Feb (GS, ph. DB); 14 on the Ohio River, Bracken/Mason, KY 12 Feb (BP); one on Green River Lake, Taylor, KY 16-17 Feb (WB; TD); and 2 on Owsley Fork Lake, Madison, KY 28 Feb (RF, RB). This fight also generated above-average numbers of Surf Scoters, Common Goldeneyes, Common Mergansers, Red-breasted Mergansers, and Red-throated Loons, in addition to a few Pacifc Loons, in Tennessee. Fourteen Surf Scoters on South Holston Lake, Sullivan, TN 29 Jan (RLK) established a new high count for the state. Five Red-throated Loons on the Ten- nessee River, Hamilton, TN 12 Jan (KC et al.) made the third highest count ever for Tennessee. Possibly part of the remarkable fight of waterbirds of the freez- ing Great Lakes was this subadult Pomarine Jaeger that spent several days on Green River Lake, Taylor County, Kentucky 14-22 (here 18) February 2014. Photograph by Roseanna Denton. Gulls were part of the escape fights of waterbirds from the frozen Great Lakes during late winter 2013-2014. Great Black-backed Gulls were found at fve Kentucky locales, including these two frst-cycle birds at Meldahl Dam on the Ohio River, Bracken County, Kentucky on 16 February 2014. Photograph by Jonathan Frodge.

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