North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 57 of 131

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 224 W e s t e r n g r e at l a k e s (BM), Steve Oakley, Michael Oetken, Karl Over- man, Tom Pavlik, Pamela S. Perry, Glenn & El- len Peterson (GEP), Douglas L. Pierzina, Jamie Platt, Cody Porter (CP), Caleb Putnam (CPu), John P. Richardson, Jason St. Pierre (JSP), Joe Sausen (JSa), Tom Schaefer, Joe Schaufenbuel, Joel Schimdt (JS), Stephen Schimdt (SS), Chace Scholten, Doug & Nancy Sherk (DNS), Andrew D. Smith (ADS), Kevin D. Smith, Scott Sneed (SSn), Joe M. Soehnel (JMS), Quentin Sprengel- meyer, Jeff Stacey (JSt), Aaron Stutz (AS), Peder H. Svingen, Andrea Szymczak, Scott Terry, Da- ryl Tessen, Howard C. Towle, Allison Village, Josh Wallestad (JW), Melody Walsh (MWa), Lynn & Dan Watson (LDW), Steve Weston, Ben A. Wieland, Myles Willard (MW), Jonathan T. Wuepper (JTW), Kirk Zufelt. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Adam M. Byrne, 11771 rachel lane, DeWitt, Michigan 48820, ( Greg Garmer, Neil Gilbert, Mike Gould, Skye Haas (SH), Lyle Hamilton, Clifford Hansen (CH), Michael L. Hendrickson, Tom Hen- drickson (THe), Don & Robyn Henise (DRH), Anthony X. Hertzel, Curt Heuer (CHe), Tom Hince (TH), Chris Hockema (CHo), John W. Hockema, Patrick M. Hogan, William Hol- lander, Steven C. Houdek (SCH), Matthew K. Hysell, Paul E. Jantscher, Douglas P. John- son, Jack Johnson, Robbye Johnson, Jeanie M. Joppru (JMJ), Steven Joyner, Joe Kaplan (JK), Karen Karl, Martin H. Kehoe, Doug W. Kieser, Jan & Larry Kraemer (JLK), Ted R. Keyel, Jamie Krupka (JKr), Darrell Lawson, Kristine Leuze, Stan Lilley, James W. Lind (JWL), Jonathan Lutz (JL), William C. Marengo, Leslie Marr, Dennis & Barb Martin (DBM), Kelly McKay (KMK), Myles McNally, D. J. McNeil (DJM), Kip Miller, Anthony Mitchell, Roxanne Morgan (RM), Ter- ry Morris, Rebecca Murphy (RMu), Bob Myers for the season. Redpolls were equally scarce in Michigan. Evening Grosbeaks were in low numbers, with peaks of only 50 in both Wis- consin and Minnesota. Contributors (subregional editors in bold- face): Kirby Adams, Ray Adams, Janet An- derson, Karl J. Bardon, David M. Bell (DMB), Dan Belter (DB), Valerie Blaisdell (VB), Milt J. Blomberg (MJB), Paul Boehlke (PB), Danielle Boston (DBo), Mike Boston (MB), Ryan Brady (RBr), Calvin Brennan, Rick Brigham (RB), Erik Bruhnke, Paul E. Budde (PEB), Adam M. Byrne, Allen T. Chartier, Kaitlin Clark, James C. Dawe, Alyssa L. DeRubeis (ALD), Herb H. Dingmann, David C. Dister (DCD), David Drufke (DDr), Barbara Duerkson, Dan Duso (DD), Kim R. Eckert, Benjamin Eckhoff, Ron- ald A. Erpelding, Dave Evans, David Flaspohler (DFl), David Flores (DF), David Freriks (DFr), Iowa & Missouri fairly well recorded in December; however, some waterfowl species went entirely unrecorded in January and February, especially in Iowa. There were high numbers of Snowy Owl, Rough- legged Hawk, Northern Shrike, Northern Saw-whet Owl, and Merlin in the Region, but reports of gallinaceous species were on the low side, probably because of the prolonged cold and reduced observer activity. Fair numbers of Lapland Longspurs, Snow Buntings, Yellow- rumped Warblers, and wintering sparrows were reported, especially from the southern reaches of the Region. There was no invasion of winter fnches; numbers of Purple Finch were above normal, but there were few reports of Red Crossbill, Common Redpoll, and Pine Siskin. Highlights of the season in Iowa were Ross's Gull, Glaucous-winged Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, and Gyrfalcon. Seasonal highlights in Missouri included Orange- crowned Warbler and Gray Catbird in northern Missouri, Townsend's Solitaire in east-central Missouri, Ferruginous Hawk and Rose-breasted Grosbeak in southeastern Missouri, and a Lesser Goldfnch in southwestern Missouri. WATERFOWL THROUGH RAILS The highest counts of Greater White-fronted Geese were 4100 at Mingo N.W.R. Stoddard/ Wayne, MO in Dec (BE) and 106 at Port Neal Ponds Woodbury, IA 21 Dec (TJL). The high counts for Snow Goose were 500,000 on the Trimble C.B.C., Clay, MO 28 Dec (KM), 310,000 on the C.B.C. at Squaw Creek N.W.R. temperatures with sub-zero readings were the norm and certainly reduced observers' time in the feld. In Missouri, the winter season was really, really cold, ranking as the ninth coldest on record based on 145 years of data and the coldest winter in the past 35 years. Some snow-covered locations in northern Missouri experienced their coldest temperatures in more than a decade. Below-zero temperatures were recorded in the state in each of the winter months and even into early March. An unusually early heavy snow even impacted southern sections of the state during the frst week of December, with several counties receiving 28-33 cm (11-13 in.). Another signifcant snowstorm impacted the state on 4-5 February, with up to 31 cm (12 in.) accumulating. Despite the snow, abnormally dry to moderate drought conditions continued to prevail through much of Missouri throughout the season. As one would expect, bird distribution was impacted by the brutal cold. Waterfowl numbers were down in northern Missouri after freeze-up occurred. Land bird numbers were also down in northern Missouri. The extreme and continuous cold certainly impacted bird survival, with emaciated bird carcasses noted in the St. Louis area on 11 February including a Carolina Wren and a White-throated Sparrow. There were a few bright spots in the season. Gull species and diversity were the best in several years in the St. Louis area along the Mississippi River. Waterfowl numbers were Francis L. Moore –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T his winter season had below-normal temperatures along with below-normal precipitation across the state of Iowa. There were several snow events during the period with blizzard-like conditions over portions of central Iowa (16 January) and over northeastern and east-central areas (26 January). Most of the precipitation fell as snow during all three months. In addition, thunderstorms were common across the southeastern half of the state, with hail up to 3 cm in diameter 20 February in four Iowa counties and blizzard- like conditions reported across the north- central part of the state on the same day. Cold

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