North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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171 V o l u m e 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N u m b e r 2 Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana) at Guadeloupe: Second record for the New World Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana) at Guadeloupe: Second record for the New World ANtoiNe ChAbrolle • Caféière 97170 • Petit bourg, guadelouPe • ( ANthoNy leveSque • roussel 97129 • lameNtiN, guadelouPe • ( Abstract This article treats the discovery and identifca- tion of a Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana) pre- sent 7-15 February 2014 on Désirade Island off the coast of Guadeloupe, French West Indies. Field encounter On 7 February 2014, during a Caribbean Waterbird Census on Désirade Island organized by the local ornithological society AMAZONA, we observed a small crake that we identifed as a Spotted Crake (Porzana porzana). The bird was seen on the edge of a lagoon beneath a Gray Mangrove (Avicennia germinans). It sel- dom walked out into the open, mostly remain- ing within the vegetation. It was under obser- vation for more than one hour, during which time we managed to get several photographs of it at distances of 5-20 m (Frontispiece, Figures 1-4). It was frequently chased by one or two Soras (P. carolina) that were also present in the vicinity and that provided opportunities for di- rect comparison (Figure 3). The Spotted Crake was a little larger than the Soras and held its tail raised only slightly above the primaries, giving it a more elon- gated appearance. The conical bill was most- ly yellow, with orange-red tones at the base and olive-green and horn tones distally. The lores were grayish, not black as in the Soras. The auriculars were brown, contrasting with the dull gray supercilium, which was faintly speckled with white posteriorly, and with the pale grayish throat. The central crown stripe was warm brown, stippled with blackish, very unlike the solid blackish central crown stripe of the Soras. Its tertials and inner greater cov- erts showed thin but very distinctive white bars; in the Soras, these bars were lacking. The underparts were warm brown with dis- tinct white speckles; the fanks were grayish with pale bars; and the undertail coverts were buffy. The back was dark brown with neat rows of white stippling. The legs were mostly greenish yellow; the eye was rich brown. This Spotted Crake, the second for the Lesser Antilles and for the New World, was present 7-15 (here 15) February 2014 on Désirade Island, Guadeloupe, where it was frst noticed by Eric Delcroix. Photograph by Anthony Levesque.

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