North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 39 of 131

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 206 limits of the feral populations, in Palm Beach: singles few over the Atlantic at Gulf Stream 4 Jan (RSc) and Lake Worth pier 7 Jan (ph. Corey Callagham), and one was photographed on a golf course 4 Jan (RSc). Another single was photographed 3 Jan at a golf course on Marco Island, Collier, where it had been pres- ent since Nov 2013 (Karyn Allman). Up to 2 male Cinnamon Teal were at St. Marks N.W.R. 5-27 Jan (DMo, ph. JMu et al.); a frst-cycle male was at Viera Wetlands 3 Dec (CN); and another male wintered at S.T.A.-5, Hendry (CE, ME et al.). Large focks of Red- heads flled the cen. Gulf Coast from St. Marks N.W.R. (DMo, JMu et al.) to Naples, Collier, where one was found 28 Dec (CE). High num- bers of Redheads on the Gulf included 10,000 at Fred Howard Park, Pinellas 25 Jan (RoS, Randy Harrod). Lake Apopka's importance as an important winter home for waterfowl was demonstrated by the report of 16,000 Ring- necked Ducks there 1 Jan and 1500 Ruddy Ducks 26 Jan (HR). Greater Scaup regularly winter as far s. as Brevard on the Atlantic; 4 landed far s. in Miami-Dade at West Lake, Ev- erglades N.P. 14 Dec–13 Jan (Brennan Mul- rooney et al.). Common Eiders were at a num- ber of locations, including loners at Ponce de Leon Inlet, Volusia 6 Dec (AlH et al.), Boynton Beach Inlet, Palm Beach, where a frst-cycle male wintered (RSc, CoC), Jetty Park, Cape Canaveral, Brevard 14 Dec–11 Jan (MiH), and Sanibel Causeway and vicinity, Lee 10 Dec+ (Christian Hagenlocher et al.). Birders were drawn to Fort Clinch S.P., Nas- sau to see a frst-cycle male Harlequin Duck 26 Dec–17 Jan (PaL et al.). Another male Harlequin was at Mangrove Park, Palm Beach 4 Jan (Julian Peet); this bird frst appeared during winter 2009-2010 and has associated with a fock of Mottled Ducks, mainly at re- tention ponds. Long-tailed Ducks, always rare in Florida, made several appearances. Six were reported in n. Brevard, including 4 females at Titusville 9 Feb (EK), and elsewhere singles were at Bald Point S.P., Franklin 27 Jan (ES), Fort Clinch S.P. 9 Feb (AW), Salt Run 7 Feb+ (Chris Hooker), and at Shell Point, Wakulla 12 Feb (JMu), the last an after-second-year male, very rarely reported in Florida. Com- mon Goldeneyes were in greater numbers than usual, with as many as 12 inland at Tram Road S.T.F. 13-20 Dec (AW) and 50 on the Gulf at St. Marks N.W.R. 13 Jan (BPh). In addition, goldeneyes pushed southward from the limits of their normal winter range in the n. peninsu- la to coastal and inland locations in the n. and cen. peninsula in Alachua (Benjamin Ewing), Citrus (LlD), Hernando (B&AH), Pasco (DGa et al.), Orange (CN et al.), Brevard (MiH), Pinel- las (MBu), and far s. at Ollie's Pond Park, Port (Florida Ornithological Society Records Committee); Lake Apop- ka (Lake Apopka Restoration Area, Orange unless otherwise stated); panhandle (that part of Florida from the Apalachicola River w. through Escambia); Paynes Prairie (Paynes Prairie Preserve S.P., Ala- chua); record (only those reports verifable from photograph, vid- eotape, or specimen evidence); re- port (any observation); Viera Wet- lands (Ritch Grissom Memorial Wetlands, Brevard); S.T.F. (Spray Treatment Fields). WATERFOWL THROUGH HAWKS Winter concentrations of Black- bellied Whistling-Ducks included a remark- able 1040 at Lake Apopka 14 Dec (HR) and 300 at Lake Istokpoga, Highlands 16 Feb (Mike McMillian). Fulvous Whistling-Ducks were confned mainly to s. Florida, but one was recorded at Celery Fields Park, Sarasota 23 Dec (Kathryn Young et al.), and 130 were estimated at Lake Apopka 20 Dec (HR). In the panhandle, Greater White-fronted Geese included 2 at Walnut Hill, Escambia 20 Jan (L&RAD) and one at Niceville, Okaloosa 8 Feb (MS). Eleven Snow Geese visited six locations in the n. half of the peninsula (BPr, DGa et al., Barbara Shea et al., MiH, JE), with one far s. at Myakka River S.P., Sarasota 7 Jan (Anders Peltomaa). Always rare in Florida, single Ross's Geese were found at Gainesville, Alachua and Tiger Point, Santa Rosa 14-16 Feb (BB). Feral waterfowl of interest included 2 Mute Swans that wintered at Viera Wetlands (Tom Ford et al.); these free-fying swans have bred in the area. Egyptian Geese continue to expand be- yond the species' stronghold in the se. penin- sula, with a report of 5 at Mount Dora, Lake 6 Feb (Rosine Reynolds). Returning for its sec- ond consecutive winter, a male Eurasian Wi- geon wintered far s. at Cape Coral, Lee (Ruth Parks, CE et al.). At least one male Eurasian Wigeon wintered at Merritt Island N.W.R., Brevard (BHA, MG, m.ob.). Now rare in Flor- ida, as many as 6 American Black Ducks win- tered at St. Marks N.W.R., Wakulla 4 Dec–15 Feb (RoS et al.), while 2 visited Lake Apopka all winter, and 3 stayed at Twin Lakes, Polk 28 Dec+ (ph. CF). Wild Canada Geese are only casual in the peninsula and usually fairly easy to distinguish from the giant form that has been introduced and become established in the big bend as well as around the n. and cen. peninsula, mainly along the coasts. Unex- pected were the sighting of 3 single, presumed wild Canada Geese, s. of the known breeding Bruce H. Anderson Michael Brothers –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T hroughout the state, winter was un- eventful until Arctic blasts in early January brought freezing temperatures as far south as northern Florida; however, the central and southern peninsula had mild temperatures with only an occasional light freeze and/or frost extending farther south, mainly into the west-central peninsula. Neo- tropic Cormorants continued to breed in Palm Beach County, but, thus far, all confrmed matings have been with Double-cresteds, and all young visually analyzed have shown traits of both species. Only one Snowy Owl was found, and just barely south of the Georgia/ Florida border, but the state did experience a major invasion of Black Scoters. Only re- cently have California Gulls been identifed annually, and three were documented this season. Other westerners of interest included Long-billed Murrelet, Lazuli Bunting, Western Meadowlark, Bullock's Oriole, and MacGilli- vray's, Audubon's, and Townsend's Warblers; all but the murrelet occur more or less annu- ally in the state. West Indian strays included La Sagra's Flycatcher and Ruddy Quail-Dove. New for Florida, a Violet-green Swallow was well photographed at Everglades National Park, Monroe County. Egyptian Goose, con- sidered established mainly in the southeastern near-coastal areas, was added to the offcial state list, as was Tricolored Munia, locally es- tablished in the West Indies and an occasional vagrant to the Dry Tortugas and Everglades National Park. Abbreviations/defnitions: big bend (the part of Florida from the Apalachicola River east through Jefferson); FLMNH (Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville); F.O.S.R.C. Florida

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