North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 121 of 131

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 288 C e n t r a l a m e r i C a dearth of records indicates. The vast major- ity of reports have come from the lowlands around the Gulf of Nicoya, which includes Punta Morales. With only one adequately documented record from Guatemala (KE, Feb 2012, photograph) and none from else- where in Central America, a Ruby-crowned Kinglet seen at Cerro Tecpán, Chimaltenango 2 Jan (†CSh) was exceptional. With only a handful of previous records for El Salvador, a Hermit Thrush was a good fnd 21 Dec at Hotel El Pital Highland, Río Chiquito, Chalat- enango (ph. OK) near the Honduran border. An American Pipit was heard calling in foggy weather 28 Feb at Cerro de Hula, Francisco Morazán (JvD), where this species was also recorded two winters ago. This species is very rare in winter anywhere in the Region, with just a handful of records in the past 25 years. WARBLERS THROUGH HOUSE SPARROW Exceptional were 2 Brewster's Warblers at Las Brisas, Limón 20 Feb (ph. ErC). A Swainson's Warbler was reported from Lancetilla Botani- cal Garden, where it is at the extreme s. limit of its winter range, on 11 Feb (DP, ph. BG). Rarely reported in Belize, especially outside of migration, 2 Nashville Warblers were seen at Slate Creek Preserve, Cayo 11 Feb (ph. JaM). A MacGillivray's Warbler found 2 Feb in Met- ropolitan Park, Panama City (OQ) remained until at least 17 Feb (ph. JAC, GA), appar- ently providing the frst record from cen. Pan- ama since 1998. Others seen in Panama this winter were one at Ratón 18 Jan, one at Vol- cán Lakes 11 Feb, and one at the Hotel Dos Ríos near Volcán, Chiriquí 12 Feb (all EC). In Belize, a male Cape May Warbler seen at Punta Gorda 8 Jan (LJ) provided only the sec- ond record for mainland Toledo. Exception- ally rare in Costa Rica, an ad. male Cape May Warbler was seen on the campus of the Costa Rica Technical University, Cartago 21 Jan (ph. DM, UOCR). Most recent records have come from the Caribbean slope of the Central Val- ley around Cartago and Turrialba. Reported only sporadically in El Salvador, a Northern Parula was observed at Jiquilisco, Usulután 11 Jan (ph. JA, MB, WR, MT). In Belize, Tropi- cal Parula is found only in remote hill coun- try in the southwest. One well observed near Baldy Sibun, Mountain Pine Ridge, Cayo 17 Feb (RM) was at a new and more accessible location. In Guatemala, 4 Tropical Parulas at El Perú, Laguna del Tigre N.P. 5 Feb (ph. JPC) provided the frst record for Petén. A female Blackpoll Warbler photographed at Las Brisas 20 Feb (ph. ErC) provided documentation of this diffcult-to-identify rare and irregular winter visitor in Costa Rica. A Black-throated Blue Warbler seen 4 Jan between San Felipe around the Sirena Station at the other end of the park. Crested Caracara has clearly beneft- ted from deforestation in the Region. In Gua- temala, one was seen at Tactic, Alta Verapaz 1 Jan (JPC), and another was seen 4 km se. of Paso Caballo, Petén 21 Dec (RBM, RCa). In Belize, an Orange-breasted Falcon seen along the Moho River near Santa Anna, Toledo 4 Jan (RM, JU) was at a new location on the coastal plain away from traditional breeding sites. FLYCATCHERS THROUGH PIPITS Although within its expected winter range, winter records of Olive-sided Flycatcher in Guatemala are nevertheless noteworthy. One was at Finca Rubel Chahim, Alta Verapaz 21 Jan (JPC). Farther s., one in pine-oak forest at San Rafael del Norte, Jinotega 26 Dec (LC, GD, JHr) was noteworthy for Nicaragua. Provid- ing the frst record from near the Caribbean coast of Panama, a Pied Water-Tyrant was seen 10 Feb near Portobelo, Colón (JW). Rare on the Pacifc slope of Honduras, a White-eyed Vireo was heard and seen near El Tizatillo s. of Tegucigalpa, Francisco Morazán 4 Feb (RJ, JvD). With few records for Panama, a White-eyed Vireo singing 27 Feb near Gam- boa, Colón (IC, GH) was noteworthy. And in Guatemala, a well-described Red-eyed Vireo in Reserva Natural Heloderma, Zacapa 11 Jan (†JPC) provided an exceptional winter record. A White-throated Magpie-Jay at Paso Real, Puntarenas 22 Jan (AD) was in a very dry zone, much like that in Guanacaste, where the species is common. While this species occa- sionally wanders southeastward from Guana- caste as far as Dominical, the dry savannas of the Terraba around Paso Real are 70-75 km se. of Dominical. A group of at least 50 Violet-green Swal - lows seen 10 Feb fying over Volcán Lakes, Chiriquí (EC) was noteworthy, as this species is very rare in Panama. Noteworthy in winter, a Bank Swallow was observed in Honduras at El Jicarito 23 Jan (MM, JvD). The observa- tion of 24 Cave Swallows at Punta Morales, Puntarenas 26 Dec (ph. JZ) is noteworthy: the status of this species in Costa Rica is unclear, although it may be more regular than the lands and foothills. A Red-throated Caracara at San Pedrillo Station, Puntarenas 10 Dec (ph. JHu) furnished the frst recent record from the Drake's Bay side of Corcovado N.P. The only place in Costa Rica where the species can still be found with any regularity is the area The status of Cave Swallow in much of Central America, in- cluding Costa Rica, is far from settled, although it likely occurs more regularly than the relatively few records would indicate. This Cave Swallow was one of 24 counted 26 December 2013 at Punta Morales, Costa Rica. Punta Morales is located along the coastline of the Gulf of Nicoya, where the majority of Costa Rican records have come from. Photograph by Jim Zook. This Hermit Thrush was found at Hotel El Pital Highland in El Salvador 21 December 2013. El Salvador is at the southern limit of the species' winter range. The hotel is only one kilometer from the Honduran border, where the species has only been recorded twice. Photograph by Oliver Komar. Sa After several years with few reports, Central America experienced a major invasion of Cedar Waxwings this winter. The frst reports, by country, were: 32 in Costa Rica at San Luis de Zarcero in the Central Cordillera, Alajuela 18 Jan (ph. AS); one in Honduras on the Zamorano University campus 24 Jan (OK); one in Panama nw. of Volcán Baru N.P. 26 Jan (DP)—the only report from Panama; 3 in Guatemala at Tikal N.P. 7 Feb (SV); and 6 in Belize at Bird Haven Farm, Cayo 8 Feb (GR). Maximum numbers reported were an estimated 100 in Costa Rica at Santa Bárbara, Heredia 28 Feb (DQ) and 50 in Guatemala at Finca Rubel Chaim, Alta Veracruz on the same date (JBe, KBo). In El Salvador, the only report is of 30 at the Uni- versity of El Salvador 27 Feb (JA). None were reported this winter from Nicaragua.

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