North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 119 of 131

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 286 C e n t r a l a m e r i C a American Avocet is another species that is being reported in the Region with increasing regularity. In Guatemala, one was at Sipaca- te, Escuintla on 16 Jan (JPC). In Honduras, 8 were at La Berbería, Choluteca 5 Dec (RJ, ph. JvD), and one was at the La Ostia salt ponds near San Lorenzo, Valle 16 Feb (RJ, ph. JvD). In Nicaragua, 7 were reported on 7 Dec in Salinas Grandes (MBi) and 14 were reported 22 Jan in Río Istian-Ometepe Isl., Rivas (DG). And in Costa Rica where it is a rare and irre- gular winter visitor, one was at Salinas, Punta Morales, Puntarenas 20 Dec (ph. PS), and it or another was at Chomes, Puntarenas 4 Feb (ph. HR). A Southern Lapwing was present at the cow pens of Zamorano Univ., Francisco Mora- zán from 23 Jan to 15 Feb (many obs., ph. OK). This record is apparently the second for Honduras but the frst to be photographically documented. An exceptionally high count of 650 Wilson's Plovers was made at a high-tide roost in Punta Condega 15 Feb (RJ, ph. JvD). Annual but scarce in Central America, Long-billed Curlew was reported this win- ter in fve countries: Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua, with a maximum of 3 at a high-tide roost at Punta Condega (Honduras) on 15 Feb (RJ, ph. JvD). In Belize, an exceptional 100 Stilt Sandpip- ers were recorded at Gra Gra Lagoon, Stann Creek on 22 Dec (PB). A Regionally signif- cant 12,000 Western and 5000 Semipalmated Sandpipers were observed at a high-tide roost at Punta Condega on 15 Feb (RJ, ph. JvD). The se. part of the Gulf of Fonseca is the only place in Honduras where such concentra- tions can be found. Normally scarce or absent in winter, an impressive number of Wilson's Phalaropes were reported along the Pacifc coast this winter. In Honduras, 54 were at La Berbería on 5 Dec (RJ, ph. JvD) and 6 were at El Jicarito on 27 Dec (MM, OK). In Nicaragua, 70 were observed at Salinas Grandes 7 Dec, 3 were there 25 Jan, and 160 were there 22 Feb (all MBi). A Parasitic Jaeger observed 23 Dec in Los Cóbanos (OK, JA, MB) provided only the ffth record for El Salvador. GULLS THOUGH TERNS The showing of out-of-range gulls and terns around the Region this winter was unprec- edented. The 2nd and possibly 3rd reports of Black-legged Kittiwake in Costa Rica were made when a 1st-cycle bird was found ex- hausted on the beach in Tortuguero, Limón on 24 Jan (ph. JCo, PA, JO), and what was pos- sibly the same fst-cycle bird was found with a large fock of loafng terns and gulls on a sandbar about 5 km upriver from the mouth of the Colorado River (about 19 km north of Tortuguero) on 13 Feb (ph. SB, UOCR). Also in Costa Rica, a 1st-cycle Bonaparte's Gull was seen fying out over the Gulf of Nicoya with a fock of Laughing Gulls from Ensenada Lodge, Puntarenas on 14 Feb (JZ); and in Panama, the frst-cycle Bonaparte's Gull found 23 Nov at Costa del Este continued to be seen there and at nearby Panama Viejo, Panamá through the winter (ph. EC, ph. JAC). An ad. Ring-billed Gull in winter-plumage was observed 1 Feb (RG) in the se. part of Lake Yojoa, Cortés in the company of a Laughing Gull. This species is occasionally seen on the Honduran north coast, but is exceptionally rare inland. An ad. Western Gull seen at Mata de Limón Estuary, Caldera, Puntarenas 20 Jan (ph. PW) provided yet another frst record for Costa Rica and Central America. Caldera is a shipping port, and hundreds of gulls customarily come here to bathe and loaf in the estuary at low tide. Providing the frst record for Honduras, a frst-cycle California Gull was found at Punta Ratón 1 Feb (RJ, MM, OK, ph. JvD). The next day, what was presumed to be the same indi - vidual was seen 20 km south at Punta Con - dega (OK, MM, ph. JvD). Providing the 2nd and 3rd records for Nicaragua, single frst- cycle California Gulls were found 10 Jan in Montelimar, Managua (ph. NN), and 6 Feb at Potosi Chinandega (OJ). Nicaragua's frst re- cord, not published in North American Birds, Only one year after Costa Rica's frst report of Kelp Gull, this near-adult was seen at Wafer Bay on remote Cocos Island 16 (here) and 17 December 2013. Photograph by Guillermo Blanco. Found on 20 January 2014 among hundreds of other gulls at Mata de Limón Estuary near the shipping port of Caldera, this adult Western Gull provided yet another gull frst for Costa Rica and Central America. Photograph by Pieter Westra. Providing a frst or second record for Honduras, this frst-cycle California Gull was identifed at Punta Condega on 2 February 2014. It or another individual was seen 20 kilometers to the north at Punta Ratón the previous day. Photograph by John van Dort. This California Gull was only the second ever reported in Nicaragua. It was found 10 January 2014 at Montelimar, Managua Department. Photograph by Nels Nelson.

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