North American Birds

VOLUME 68 NO2 2015

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 102 of 131

V O L U M E 6 8 ( 2 0 1 5 ) • N U M B E R 2 269 O r e g O n & wa s h i n g tO n ing Common Poorwill, the only goatsucker found in the Region during winter. If north- bound, a Rufous Hummingbird at Seattle 3 Feb (D. Campbell) was among the earliest ever to reach the Puget Trough; spring migrants do not typically arrive in Washington until about 1 Mar. First reported 31 Oct, the Region's frst Red-bellied Woodpecker remained at La Grande, Union through the period (TBr, m.ob.). A Williamson's Sapsucker at Spring Creek Hatchery, Skamania 17 Feb (SJ) provided just the second winter record for w. Washington. No Red-naped Sapsuckers were detected w. of the Cascades, and the season's only Red- naped Sapsucker x Red-breasted Sapsucker hybrid was at Lynwood, Snohomish 11 Dec (J. Hoefer, A. Cunha). Nine Gyrfalcons made barely half the seasonal norm, and only 2, both in Washington, were noted w. of the Cascades. Western Washington's 3 Prairie Falcons was on par with recent winters. PASSERINES A Black Phoebe near Centralia, Lewis 1-3 Feb (BT, BS) provided a rare winter w. Washington away from their foothold in sw. Washington; the now resident northerly pair remained near Lacey, Thurston. Four long-staying/wintering Say's Phoebes were detected on the westside, in- cluding one near Littlerock, Thurston 28 Jan–26 Feb (WC); Say's rarely winter in w. Washington. On 28 Feb, presumed northbound Say's ap- peared at Portland (JP), Stevenson, Skamania 28 Feb (P. Johnson), and Woodland Bottoms, Cowlitz 28 Feb (L. Topinka). Washington's sev- enth Vermilion Flycatcher, found in late Nov at Ridgefeld, continued through 6 Dec (RH); this is the third for this location and adds to six prior Washington records, all Oct–Mar. A Loggerhead Shrike near Brownsville, Linn 7 Jan (WDR) was in w. Oregon, where less than annual during winter. Another at Portland 28 Feb (JP) was presumed to be an early migrant; was at Philomath 16 Feb (P. Otley). Big numbers of Black-legged Kittiwakes were in Oregon's near- shore waters both early and late in the season, with high counts of 2000 at Boiler Bay 2 Dec (PP) and 3500 there 17 Feb (PP, JG). An ad. Red-legged Kittiwake, Oregon's eleventh, few past nearby Depoe Bay, Lincoln 16 Feb (†JG, †JM). A Franklin's Gull visited Marymoor, King 9-22 Jan (MH), providing Washington's tenth winter record. A Kumlien's Iceland Gull inhab- ited Clarkston, Asotin 18 Jan–13 Feb (ph. RS), and another visited Centralia, Lewis 1 Feb (ph. BT, BS); Washington now has about 25 ac- cepted records, with more than half of those coming during the past fve years. This season's Lesser Black-backed Gulls, now annual in e. Washington, included singles at the Yakima River delta, Benton through 13 Feb (m.ob.), Clarkston 7 Dec–21 Feb (C. Lundblad), and Ice Harbor Dam, Walla Walla 7 Dec (M&MLD). A Lesser-Black-backed Gull at Renton, King 4 Jan (ph. J. Puschock), and what was presumed to be the same individual at Tacoma 14 Jan (ph. T. Johnson), add to just two prior records for w. Washington. The fall holdover Slaty-backed Gull at Tacoma remained through the period (m.ob.), and another graced Renton 22 Dec (ph. RM, †CW, †M. Bartels); the latter bird is Washington's nineteenth. Ten Glaucous- winged Gulls at Yakima River delta 15 Dec (AS, E. Heisey, B. Schmidt) made an exceptional count for e. Washington; this single-site tally equates to the normal seasonal showing for that state's eastside. Single Thick-billed Murres in- cluded a likely returning bird at Port Angeles 28 Dec–23 Feb (B. Boekelheide) and one off Westport, Grays Harbor 25 Jan (†BT, ph. RS, ph. BW); Washington has now 21+ records, mostly early Dec through mid-Feb. This sea- son's inshore Horned Puffn was at Depoe Bay 17 Feb (JM). Following back-to-back winter irruptions, Washington's 7 Snowy Owls was about nor- mal for a non-invasion year; single Snowies at S.J.C.R. 1 Jan (fde H. Fritz) and through the period near Moro, Sherman (K. Thompson) were the only Oregon reports. Three Burrowing Owls were detected in w. Oregon, with singles near Harrisburg 30 Nov–21 Dec (R. Adney), near Roseburg 30 Dec+, Douglas (M. Hamm, MH), and along Bethel Mountain Rd., Coos 31 Dec+ (J. Heaney, TR). The report of a Common Nighthawk fushed at Mount Pisgah se. of Eugene 7 Jan (J. Koenig) was most intriguing: the bird was described as having white patches near the tip of each wing, effectively eliminat- locations 18 Dec–24 Jan. Single Ospreys, which are now nearly annual during winter in Washington, were at Lummi Flats, Whatcom 1 Dec (P. Wegener) and Sudden Valley, Whatcom 19 Dec–1 Jan (K. Bagnall). A single White- tailed Kite at Salem 10 Feb (R. Gerig) was n. of normal; this species is rarely found in the W.V. n. of Linn/Benton. A Red-shouldered Hawk at Tacoma continuing through the period and an- other at Kent Ponds, King 29 Dec–19 Jan were noteworthy n. of Cowlitz in w. Washington. A returning Ferruginous Hawk inhabited Sprague Lake, Adams 9 Dec+ (JI), and another was near Clarkston, Asotin 20 Dec (M. Clarke); these were rare for midwinter in e. Washington, where northbound birds arrive in late Feb. Now annual during winter in w. Washington, single Soras were at Kent Pond, King 29 Dec (G. Oliver) and Nisqually 5 Jan (C. Warlow). Another Sora, at Willow Creek W.M.A. 1 Jan (J. Dillon), was even more surprising, as it was found on Oregon's eastside after a long string of days with subfreezing temperatures; persistent temperatures below 30° F normally spell doom or departure for this species, particularly e. of the Cascades, where Sora goes undetected most winters. Sandhill Cranes are rare away from sw. Washington in winter, so one near Snoqualmie, King 6 Dec + (P. Fahey), up to 4 at Elma, Grays Harbor 13 Dec–6 Feb (C. Sundstrom), and 4 more near Snohomish, Snohomish 24 Dec–11 Feb (M. Jordan) were all noteworthy. SHOREBIRDS THROUGH WOODPECKERS The traditional wintering fock of Black-bellied Plovers near Halsey, Linn gradually increased to 300 birds at the end of the period (JG); this is roughly double the normal W.V. winter high counts. Killdeer, presumably refugees from the snow-covered W.V. and similarly blanketed coastal pastures, amassed on the open beaches at Newport, where 2000 were tallied 8 Feb (W. Hoffman); it is unusual to fnd more than a handful of Killdeer on any stretch of Oregon's coastal beaches. A Spotted Sandpiper, rare for e. Washington in winter, inhabited Yakima 9-29 Jan (R. Repp). Continuing from fall, the Willet and the Marbled Godwit at Belfair S.P., Mason stayed through the period (m.ob.), providing rare winter records for these respective species away from the outer coast. A Lesser Yellowlegs, now nearly annual in Washington during win- ter, inhabited Skagit W.M.A., Skagit 8 Feb (GB). At Coos Bay, where Lessers now appear most winters, one was noted 8-15 Jan (TR, JG). Now nearly annual during winter in Washington, 2 Ruddy Turnstones were at Ediz Hook, Clallam 28 Dec+ (G. McWethy). Upwards of 10,000 Red Phalaropes few past Boiler Bay 2 Dec (PP). There were no wreck events along the outer coast, and the only inland Red of the season Found 29 November 2013 at Ankeny National Wildlife Refuge, Marion County, Oregon, this Yellow-throated Warbler remained into the winter in a nearby yard (here 31 December 2013). Photograph by Jim Leonard.

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