North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

Issue link: http://nab.aba.org/i/1115839

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V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 9 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 323 T E N N E S S E E & K E N T U C K Y Stephen Zipperer (middle Tennessee). Also, thanks to: Taylor, L. 2016. 2016 Kentucky Peregrine Falcon Report. Ky. Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort, KY. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Chris Sloan, 2036 Priest Road, Nashville, Tennessee 37215 • csloan1973@gmail.com Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr., 8207 Old Westport Road, Louisville, Kentucky 40222 • brainard@mindspring.com (JKS), Tanner Shepard, Eric & Liz Shlapack, Damian J. Simbeck (DJS), Kate Slankard (KS), Dan Snell (DSn), Jennifer Snyder (JSn), Jeff Sole (JSo), Stephen J. Stedman (SJS), Joshua Steven - son (JSt), Ruben Stoll, Victor Stoll, Del Striegel (DSt), Dave Svetich (DSv), Mark Taylor (MTa), Michael C. Todd (w. Tennessee) (MCT), Mela - nie Torres (MTs), Alan Troyer, Lindsey Walters, James Wheat, Randy Winstead, Brian Wulker, Edmund LeGrand, Frank Lyne, Natalie Maass, Morton Massey, Richard Mayfield, John McCaw, Lee McNeely, Scott Miller, Mark Monroe, Dan - iel Moss, Tina Nauman, Anne Newberry, Ronan O'Carra, Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr. (BPa), Bob Peak (BPe), Constance Powell, Brookie & Jean Potter (B&JP), Joshua Powell (JP), Dick Preston, Tommy Quarles, Reuben Raber, Peter Range, Taylor Ransdall, Mike Sanders, Jan K. Shaw Alabama & Mississippi were reportedly not present in July. An M.R. spring maximum of 101 Wood Ducks was seen in Opelika, Lee, AL 8 May (RM). The A T.V. spring maximum was estab - lished by 756 Ring-necked Ducks in the Muscle Shoals area, Colbert, AL 5 Mar (GDJ,m.ob.). A Bufflehead at Oktibbeha County L., Oktibbeha, MS 19 May established a seven-county area late date (TS). Rare inland, a Surf Scoter was at W.F. George Dam, Henry, AL 3 Apr (MW,EM). Also at W.F. George Dam, Henry, AL 2 Mar, more than 1,500 Ruddy Ducks represented an Alabama spring maximum (WFC). A rare Audubon's Shearwater was sighted 110 km south of Orange Beach, Baldwin, AL on 5 Apr (ph. by EH). Thirteen Magnificent Frigatebirds at Ft. Morgan, Baldwin, AL 12 Mar established Alabama's earliest spring record (MJJ). A Brown Booby was found on a barge in Gulfport, Harrison, MS, but died before it could be brought to a rehabilitation facility (fide AS, NW). At Wilson Dam, Colbert/Lauderdale, AL 17 Mar, 3,000 Double-crested Cormorants repre - sented the Alabama spring maximum (DJS). At Saginaw, Shelby, AL 12 May(RJK, m.ob.), there was an Alabama spring maximum of 8 Anhin - gas. A rare Neotropic Cormorant was at Cold- water R. NWR, Tallahatchie, MS 4 May (ph. by HM, KM,,JRR). At Cedarville (FWFTA), Hale, AL 13 April, 560 American White Pelican were the most ever for the Interior Coastal Plain (JT). tral western Alabama. They have been breeding there for decades with confirmations as far east as Montgomery, but field guides and other pub - lications continue to ignore these populations. Abbreviations: A.C.B.S. (Audubon Coastal Birding Survey); Blakeley (Blakeley Island dredge disposal ponds, Mobile, AL); Dauphin (Dauphin Island, Mobile, AL); Delta (Missis - sippi River Delta Region of w. Mississippi); FWFTA (Forever Wild Field Trial Area in Hale, AL); Ft. Morgan (Ft. Morgan State Historical Park, Baldwin, AL); G.C. (Gulf Coastal Region of s. Alabama); I.C.P. (Inland Coastal Plain Region of s.-cen. Alabama); M.R. (Mountain Region of n. Alabama); Noxubee (Noxubee N.W.R.,Noxubee/Oktibbeha/Winston, MS); Sea - man (Seaman Road lagoons, Jackson, MS); T.V. (Tennessee Valley Region of n. Alabama); Wheeler (Wheeler N.W.R.,Limestone/Morgan/ Madison, AL). "seven-county area" refers to the following seven counties in Mississippi near Starkville: Choctaw, Clay, Lowndes, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Webster and Winston. WATERFOWL THROUGH PELICANS Two ad. Black-bellied Whistling Ducks at Nox- ubee NWR, Noxubee, MS 6 May provided the second record for the seven-county Starkville MS area (RS, HE, SR, MM, SRu). On 21 and 27 May, 2 and then 3 Black-bellied Whistling Ducks were found in Hacoma, Geneva, AL (ph. by OJ). Al - though still rare in Interior Coastal Plain (I.C.P.), they are becoming regular. A Greater White- fronted Goose at Oktibbeha County L., Oktib - beha, MS 16 May was by far the latest in spring in the seven-county area (TS). A Greater White- fronted and a Ross's goose were found 5 Mar east of Muscle Shoals, Colbert, AL (GDJ), where both are rare but regular. Two rare Cackling Geese were found 30 Apr (ph. by SHHu,GHa) and con - tinued through June in the McCalla area, Jeffer- son, AL. A photograph of a Cackling Goose seen in this area the following winter showed it to have been pinioned (fide AH), but these 2 geese –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING 2016 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Lawrence F. Gardella A s in much of the rest of the United States, spring temperatures in both Alabama and Mississippi were above average in 2016. A massive, slow-moving southward dip in the Jet Stream funneled deep tropical mois - ture into the area in early March. A torrential rain during the first week of March led to record flooding in several parts of Mississippi, but no impact on migrants was noted. Passerine migra - tion for the season was average. Good shore- birds in the Starkville seven-county area were attributed not to high water levels, but rather to the drawing down of several ponds. Several species showed continued expansion of their breeding ranges north or north and east, including Black-bellied Whistling Ducks, Mis - sissippi Kites, and Inca Doves. Others contin- ued showing signs of expansion to the south, including White-breasted Nuthatch in Alabama. There were also more records for Painted Bun - ting breeding in eastern Mississippi and in cen- This Ruff was Alabama's eighth record of the species. It was found at Fort Morgan, Baldwin on 2 April. Photo by © Karen Chiasson

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