North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 9 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 301 I L L I N O I S & I N D I A N A S. Rothrock, William C. Rowe, Rob Sall, Ryan J. Sanderson, Joyce Schreiber, Eric E. Secker, Mark S. Seiffert, Wesley S. Serafin, Anthony Sipes, Jeff A. Smith, Evan Speck, Julie St. John (JSJ), M. Penny Starin, Jack Stenger (JSt), Lee W. Sterrenburg, Andrew O. Stewart, Alan F. Stokie, Chad Stratton, Kristin Stratton, Jane Sutton (JSn), Paul W. Sweet, Wendy P. Tori, Jim Tudor, Lynn Vernon, Heather Viola, Terry Walsh, Eric W. Walters, Daniel T. Williams, Geoffrey A. Williamson (Illinois), Anna Wit - tmer, Ted Wolff (TWf), Leslie Yoshitani, Susan Zelek. Many others submitted observations but could not be personally acknowledged; all have our thanks for their contributions. Much of the information in this report was accessed via eBird. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SUMMER 2016 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– T he regional average temperature of 74.1°F placed this year in the warmest quarter of years during which weather records were kept, just more than a degree warmer than average. Average June tempera - tures of 73.9°F were 2.8°F above normal, and daily highs in the southern portions of the Re - gion reached 90°F for much of the month. For instance, the St. Louis area had high tempera - tures exceeding 90°F on 16 days in the month. Rainfall levels were slightly lower than average during June, but during July, Illinois and Indi - ana averaged 6.90 and 5.13 inches of rainfall, respectively, so that the month ranked eighth wettest among the last 122 years. Overall the season's rainfall amount was in the top 20% for that period. As in past seasons, species better associ - ated with areas south or southwest of the Re- gion had a noticeable presence. These include Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Black Rail, Black-necked Stilt, Swallow-tailed Kite, West - ern Kingbird and Eurasian Tree Sparrow. Abbreviations: Chau. (Chautauqua N.W.R., Mason, IL); Emiquon (Emiquon N.W.R. and The Nature Conservancy Emiquon Preserve, Fulton, IL); F.P. (Forest Preserve); F.W.A. (Fish and Wildlife Area); Goose Pond (Goose Pond F.W.A., Greene, IN); Horseshoe (Horseshoe Lake S.P., Madison, IL); Lake Springfield (Lake Springfield, Sangamon, IL) Mich. City (Michigan City Harbor, LaPorte, IN); Mide - win (Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie, Will, IL); Montrose (Montrose Point in Chicago's Lincoln Park); Pigeon R. (Pigeon River F.W.A., LaGrange, IN). Clark 4-5 Apr (ph. HV) provided Illinois's sec - ond earliest arrival. Goose Lake N.A., McHen- ry, IL has become a stronghold for Yellow- headed Blackbirds, with a notable 18 there 27 May (DTW). An ad. male was found at Monty's Station 17 Apr (AR). In the Lake Gibson, Gib - son, IN area, a noteworthy tally of 25 Orchard Orioles was made 2 May (AK). EXOTICS European Goldfinches are becoming much more regular in far ne. Illinois, with sightings from four Lake and two Cook locations. The peak count was of 6 at Waukegan, Lake 6 May (AM, WM). Contributors (subregional editors in bold- face): Andrew S. Aldrich, Jill S. Anderson, Mari Aviles, John M. Bates, Jeff Baughman, Matthew Beatty, Sandy Belth, Ron Blazek, H. David Bohlen, Leon Book, Russ Brink (RBr), Ken - neth J. Brock (Indiana), Cindy Brown, Ethan Brown, Michael R. Brown, Brad Bumgardner, James H. Campbell, Andrew Cannizzaro, Nat Carmichael, John K. Cassady, Angela Cham - berlain (ACh), Mark Crowley, Brian Cunning- ham, Rob Curtis, Matthew M. Cvetas, Carl and Pen DauBach, Richard J. DeCoster, Henry Detwiler, Colin Dobson, Bud Dodrill, John J. Duerr, Kimberly Ehn, Donna Elich, Joshua I. Engel, Ed Franks, Tyler D. Funk, Glenn Gia - cinto, Andy Gilbert (AGt), Carl Giometti, Don Gorney, Jesse Graves, Brendan J. Grube, Aaron Gyllenhaal, Eric D. Gyllenhaal, Marty Hackl, Heath Harlan, John & Elaine Harley, C. Leroy Harrison, Ted Hartzler (THr), Roger S. Hayes, Tyler Hedlund, Jim & Susan Hengeveld, Mary A. Hennen, Wayne Hochstetler, Amy Hod - son, Frank R. Holmes, Edward M. Hopkins, Nancy Houlihan, Steven J. Huggins, Robert D. Hughes, Bob Huguenard, Oscar Johnson, Ryan Jones, Matt S. Kalwasinski, Dan M. Kassebaum, Mary Kaufmann-Kennel, Rhonda Kaylor, Amy Kearns, John C. Kendall, Nick Kiehl, William LaGrone, Yvonne LaGrone, Co - rey Lange, Gary Langell, Randy & Sandra La- porte, Richard Lee, Brian Lowery, Jim Lukan- cic, Ben D. Marks, Annette McClellan, William McClellan, Jeffrey J. McCoy, Kelly J. McKay, Keith A. McMullen, Bob Meier, John Meredig, Eric Michael, Kyle Miller, Jim Mordacq (JMq), Fran R. Morel, Michael Morin, Sally Craw Most, David Mrockowski, Steve Mulhall, Don D. Mullison, Luis G. Muñoz, Christopher G. Newman, Michael Noth, Linda Osterhage, Linda Padera, Tom Parmeter, Ed Peters, Sam Plew, Peter Ponticello, Annette Prince, Heather Prince, Christine & Eden Ransdell, Samantha Ransdell, Kevin B. Richmond, Rob Ripma, W. Douglas Robinson, Kevin & Kimberly Roh - ling, Aidan Rominger, Jeremy Ross, Rhonda Bog, Porter 10 May (ph. MB, MA, ph. KS, CS), one at Montrose 11 May (ph. RC; another was present there 16-17 May, 2016) that was the third in Illinois in the past 10 years, and a fem. at Whiting Park, Lake, IN 17-18 May (JKC, JJM, LV, KJB et al.). A Northern Parula in Blooming - ton's Ewing Park, McLean 22 Mar (WH) tied the third earliest arrival date for Illinois, and one at Howell Wetland, Vanderburgh 23 Mar (JM) established a new early date for Indiana. In Pomona, Jackson, a Blackburnian Warbler 18 Apr (KAM) tied Illinois's third earliest arrival date. An Audubon's Warbler at DSP Tower 17 Apr (BJG) was the second for the Indiana Lake Michigan lakefront. Yet another warbler rarity was a Townsend's Warbler discovered in Chi - cago's Millennium Park 28-29 Apr (†MMC, ph. RS, m.ob.). The Green-tailed Towhee from winter in Valmayer, Monroe, IL stayed until 21 Apr (fide C&PD) and the one at Tern Bar Slough, Gib - son, IN remained through at least 12 Mar (JG). Just one Spotted Towhee was reported—in McDonough, IL 13 Mar–13 Apr (EF, m.ob.). At Harmonie S.P., Posey, the 94 Eastern Towhees logged 26 Mar (JM) furnished Indiana's second largest count. Late to depart was an Ameri - can Tree Sparrow in Chicago's Douglas Park 14 May (EDG). A singing male Clay-colored Sparrow was discovered at Kankakee Sands, Newton, IN 21 May (JJM) and again on 28 May (JJM et al.); a pair was also observed there 3 Jun (EMH). A very early Henslow's Sparrow at Heron Pond in the Cache River State N.A., Johnson 26 Mar (KAM) followed a trend that has seen the seven earliest arrivals in the past 10 years. Single LeConte's Sparrows at Goose Pond 4 Mar (ph. HH) and at River Bend F.P., Champaign, IL 5 Mar (TH) were also early. A Fox Sparrow at Ned Brown F.P., Cook 17 May (EES) provided Illinois's second latest date. It was a good spring for Harris's Sparrow, with 13 individuals spotted in Illinois and 5 in Indiana. A new Illinois high count of White- crowned Sparrows was set with 2,000 at Chi - cago's Northerly Island 7 May (JMB, MAH, BDM); the same day at nearby Grant Park in Chicago, another 1,000 were tallied (JMB, MAH). The previous high count was 1,423. A Western Tanager visited a backyard feeder in Elmwood Park, Cook, IL 27 Apr – 2 May (DE, ph. †JSA, m.ob.) and a fem. was seen briefly but well in Dunes S.P., Porter, IN 7 May (AK). At DSP Tower 12 May, an impressive 65 Rose-breasted Grosbeaks were tallied (BJG). A Blue Grosbeak at Trail of Tears S.F., Union 12 Apr (NH) tied Illinois's second earliest arrival date. A male Painted Bunting was noted in East St. Louis 29 May+ (AG, TWf, ph. DMK, m.ob.) in the general vicinity where this species had been present a few years ago. A Dickcissel in

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