North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 9 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 297 E A S T E R N H I G H L A N D S & U P P E R O H I O R I V E R VA L L E Y was confirmed in 3 counties (Cumberland, Dauphin, and Bucks) and suspected in a 4 th county, Montgomery (Paul Bernhardt). A White Ibis at Presque Isle SP, Erie on 7 Jul was a first for Erie (Mary Birdsong, Jim Flynn). A Swallow-tailed Kite was seen over the Dodsworth Run Preserve, Montgomery on 6 Jun (Carrie Bell). Mississippi Kites were seen in 4 eastern counties in June: Delaware, Lancaster, Monroe, and Northampton. Northern Goshawks remain rare as breeders in the large forests in the middle of the state; careful searching found nesting in 7 PA counties this year. PASSERINES An Olive-sided Flycatcher sang at Wild Creek Reservoir, Carbon from May to 22 Jun (Rich Rehrig, Jonathan Debalko). Presumably the same individual spent much of June 2015 at the same site, apparently an attempt at es - tablishing a breeding territory. In addition, Olive-sided Flycatchers were heard at Algerine Swamp, Lycoming on 21 Jun and at Reynolds Springs, Tioga on 20 Jun (fide Dan Brauning). The species hasn't been found nesting in the state since the 1930s, but continued vigilance might once again confirm this boreal species as a breeder here. An olive (female or immature) Red Crossbill appeared for a rare summer record at Seneca Woodland Heights, Venango on 17 Jun (Meg Kolodick, Nick Kolodick); the species has only been noted in 3 summer seasons in the past de - cade. At least two male Summer Tanagers held territories at Neversink Mt., Berks (Rudy Keller, Jane Wolfe, Peter Wolfe) ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Special thanks to Greg Grove for his editorship of "Pennsylvania Birds" magazine. Seasonal summa - ries by Mike Fialkovich and Dan Brauning were also very useful in preparation of this report. Observers: Dave Amamoto, Jochen Baurmeis- ter, Carrie Bell, Barbara Bennett, Larry Bern- hardt, Paul Bernhardt, Tom Betts, Mary Bird- song, Bobby Brown, David Brown, Bruce Carl, John Carter, Lindera Carter, Karyn Delaney, Jarrod Derr, Tom Dick, Melissa Easter, Carl Engstrom, Bill Etter, Devich Farbotnik, Mike Fialkovich, Jim Flynn, Stan Galenty, Sue Gal - lagher, Michael Gardner, Vern Gauthier, Linda Goodfellow, Steve Gosser, Elora Grahame, Greg Grove, Eric Hartshaw, Michael Harts - horne, Jonathan Heller, Paul Heveron, Amy Henrici, Deuane Hoffman, Cory Husic, Diane Husic, Robin Irizarry, Matthew Juskowich, Rudy Keller, Dave Kerr, Bill Keim, Stephen Kloiber, Meg Kolodick, Nick Kolodick, Rick Koval, Todd Ladner, Alex Lamoreaux, Wayne Laubscher, Dennis Lauffer, Matt Marshall, Ter - ry Master, Jerry McWilliams, Donald Mease, Elaine Mease, Rob Megraw, Holly Merker, Zach Millen, Randy Miller, Nancy Moeller, Tom Moeller, Ted Nichols II, John Nilsson, Richard Nugent, Kelley Nunn, Bill Oyler, Vince Panta - nella, Jim Parris, Julia Plummer, Dan Richards, Leslie Rose, Matt Sabatine, Corinne Campbell Schall, Michael Schall, Susan Schmoyer, Jo - han Sodercrantz, Randy Stringer, Neil Troyer, Danny Tyler, Robert Weaver, Frank Wells, Jane Wolfe, Peter Wolfe. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Tom Johnson, 3960 Bayshore Road, Cape May, NJ 08240 • tbj4@cornell.edu Illinois & Indiana small wave arrived in Indiana 28 Apr with one at Stillwater Marsh, Monroe (J&SH et al.) and 4 at the Great Miami Oxbow, Dearborn, IN (JSt). Fifteen individuals were documented in Illi - nois, with 4 in Carbondale, Jackson 7 May (ph. HD), 2 at Oakwood Bottoms, Jackson 14 May (ph. HD), 6 in Springfield, Sangamon 28 May+ (HDB, ph. DTW, ph. CD, m.ob.), and 3 at Sau - get Marsh, St. Clair 29 May+ (AG, TWf, ph. FRH, m.ob.). Unusual for May, single Greater White-fronted Geese were reported 6 May in Posey, IN (OJ) and 7 May in Porter, IN (R&SL). Indiana's second ever May Cackling Goose was reported at Wolf Lake, Lake on 12 May (BB, MSK, MPS, KS, KE). An impressive 2,000 Blue-winged Teal were logged at Patoka R. 7 Apr (AK). A male Cinna - mon Teal at Monty's Station 5 Apr (EMH et al.) and 13-17 Apr (JR, ph. TW, m.ob.) and at Uni - versal Mine, Vermillion, IN 12 Apr (ACh), likely involved the same individual. Probable Blue- winged x Cinnamon Teal hybrids were noted in Will, IL 25 May (ph. JL, JS) and at Cache River State N.A., Johnson, IL 4 Apr (KAM). The 25,000+ Northern Shovelers reported in Indi - ana represented the largest ever spring total, highlighted by 1,100 tallied at Patoka R. 7 Apr (AK). At Kingsbury, a pair of ad. Northern Pin - tail were acting territorially 7 May (BH) and a fem. with 7 downy young was photographed temperature of 47.3°C being 4.2°C above the 20 th century average; meanwhile, April and May saw close to normal temperatures. Pre - cipitation was close to normal, though March in Indiana was slightly wetter than usual. Leaf- out and vegetative growth seemed ahead of schedule. Migration boasted early arrival dates for many species, especially among passerines. Rarities were in good supply and included Black Rail, Snowy Plover, Brown Pelican, Bur - rowing Owl, Say's Phoebe, Swainson's Warbler, Kirtland's Warbler, Townsend's Warbler, and Western Tanager. Abbreviations: Carlyle (Carlyle Lake, s. Illi - nois); DSP Tower (Observation Tower at Dunes S.P., Porter, IN); F.P. (Forest Preserve); F.W.A. (Fish and Wildlife Area); Goose Pond (Goose Pond F.W.A., Greene, IN); Illinois Beach (Illi - nois Beach S.P., Lake, IL); Kingsbury (Kings- bury F.W.A., LaPorte, IN); Lake Springfield (Lake Springfield, Sangamon, IL); Montrose (Montrose Point in Chicago's Lincoln Park); Monty's Station (Patoka R.); Patoka R. (Patoka River N.W.R., Gibson, IN). WATERFOWL THROUGH CRANES For the ninth consecutive spring, Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks were present in the Region. A James D. Hengeveld Keith A. McMullen Geoffrey A. Williamson –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING 2016 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– O verall, the regional temperature was 1.7°C (Illinois) and 1.5°C (Indiana) above normal, with this period being the 14 th warmest during the last 122 years. March was especially warm, with the average

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