North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 37 of 163

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 284 H U D S O N - D E L AWA R E through June near West Mountain, Warren, NY (Mona Bearor, fide TW). Yellow-bellied Sap - suckers edged south for a first known nest in Westchester, NY, at Mountain Lakes Park, N. Sa - lem (Sandra Wright, Eric Reubel, Paul Lewis). Since first breeding in upstate New York in 1992, Merlin have proliferated, often into sub - urbs. Southernmost sites in 2016 were Ithaca (six pairs, John Confer) and Albany (Zach Schwartz-Weinstein). Peregrine Falcons re - mained relatively stable in New Jersey, with 35 known pairs, 30 of them active, producing 47 young. Seven occupied natural cliff sites, but only three of these were successful (KC). An Acadian Flycatcher was well north at Coles Creek S.P., St. Lawrence, NY (GL). A hun - dred Blue Jays passed Braddock Bay 2 Jun (Mi- chael Gullo, fide RGS) in a curious post-breed- ing movement we have mentioned before. Expanding Fish Crows seem poised to breed around Buffalo (CK et al.), and possibly bred at Schroon Lake, Essex, NY in the Adirondacks (Ellie George). Common Ravens now occupy some half dozen sites on Long Island, and ap - parent family groups were observed in Brook- lyn (Matthew Wills) and Manhattan (DG-H). In Delaware, Ravens reached the coastal plain at Delaware City, 15 Jun (Jerald Reb) and Summit Bridge 30 Jun (MM), both New Castle. This was an the first known instance of these birds off of the Piedmont and only builds the anticipation of breeding in Delaware. Red-breasted Nuthatches began moving in late June, presaging an autumn irruption. Low - land sightings included the Bronx Botanic Gar- den 25 Jun (R. DeCandido, DA) and Central Park 26 Jun (Jeff Ward), both New York City, and, in c. New Jersey, Basking Ridge, Somerset (Ben Barkley), and Palmyra Cove N. P., Burling - ton (Tom Bailey), both 27 Jun. A Brown-headed Nuthatch, or perhaps two, visited Cape May 29 Jun (Don Freiday, Glen Davis), for the third time in the last four years; normally Henlopen is their northern limit. Drought reduced Sedge Wrens in the Saint Lawrence River valley to 3-4, all in Fort Drum, "the worst in at least 20 years" (JBo). Elsewhere they were detected only at Joseph Davis S.P., Niagara (Betsy Potter et al.) and Conewango Swamp W.M.A., Cattaraugus (TL, Sue Barth), both NY. The highest Bicknell's Thrush counts were, in the Adirondacks, a modest 13 on Whiteface Mt., Essex, 10 Jul (Tom and Eileen Wheeler), and, in the Catskills, 12 on Slide Mt., Ulster, the species' type locality, 4 Jun (Benjamin Van - Doren). The University of Rochester environs contained 59 Gray Catbirds 25 Jun (Ethan Gyl - lenhaal), reflecting this species' success in sub- urbia. Northern Mockingbirds advanced into the Adirondacks with a first nest at Port Kent, Essex, NY (Dana Rohleder). year and one second-year there 10 Jul (AB). Forster's Terns in New Jersey totalled 4,654 in 88 colonies (CD). The northernmost were 275 nesting in the salt marshes of Hempstead, Suf - folk, LI (JZ). Least Terns, endangered in New Jersey, are hard to assess and manage given their small ephemeral colonies. They appeared steady with about 1,200 individuals in 24 active colonies (TP). New York's 2,435 pairs in 59 colonies made for a slightly weaker showing than in other recent years. The biggest colonies were Tiana Beach, Westhampton, Suffolk (294 pairs) and Arverne, Queens (357) (KJ), where New York City manages an Endangered Species Nesting Area on several miles of public beach, also frequented by Piping Plovers and Black Skimmers. A Bridled Tern, now nearly annual, was a surprise far off Shinnecock Inlet 24 Jul (JS, AW, DRo). Black Skimmers are also excessively concen - trated. In New York, the Breezy Point colony moved to Arverne where they peaked at 250 on 11 Jun (Kevin Topping). The other main New York colony is Nickerson Beach County Park, Nassau, with about 652 individuals (JZ) plus 43 pairs at adjacent Atlantic Beach (KJ). The majority of Black Skimmers in New Jersey form one mega-colony at Seaview Harbor Marina, Longport, Atlantic (TP). One ventured far up Long Island Sound at Marshlands Conservancy, Rye, Westchester, NY 3 Jun (TWB, Gail Benson). DOVES THROUGH MIMIDS Eurasian Collared-Doves persist at the long- running Selbyville, DE site, but expansion northwards has stalled. The only White-winged Doves were singles at Cape May Pt., NJ, 9 Jun (Mike Pasquarello, Barb Bassett) and another (conceivably the same) at nearby Stone Harbor 11 Jun (Cameron Cox). A "very white" Snowy Owl was at the Sha - wangunk and Walkill Correctional Facilities, Ulster, NY 12-13 June. It was possibly the same bird that was picked up with gunshot at La Guardia Airport and released 29 Mar by the Raptor Trust (Ardith Bondi) Up to 35 Whip-poor-wills per day persisted in Fort Drum and the nearby Indian Lakes area, Jefferson, NY (JBo), but few were noted else - where. An errant Chuck-will's-widow called bound: an imm. at Nummy's Island, Cape May 6 Jul (Allison Anholt) and an adult at Liberty S. P., Hudson, 9 Jul (ph DG-H, LS, Mike Britt). A few immature Little Gulls may summer near Niagara, but much more unusual were two im - matures on Cayuga Lake in Springport Twp., Cayuga, NY 1-5 Jun (ph JMcG, KMcG, Livia Santana, DN). Large gulls nested for the sec - ond summer on a mall roof in Ventnor, Atlan- tic, NJ (CD). In Barnegat Bay, NJ, erosion and flooding have reduced tern nesting areas by 50% (Jo - anna Burger).Two pairs of Gull-billed Terns in Hempstead, Nassau, NY (JZ) still marked this species' northeastern limit. The New Jersey aerial survey found 55 in nine colonies (CD). The region's only Caspian Tern colony on Little Galloo edged upward to 2,354 nests (IM); five nests were found in New Jersey (CD). Only a handful of Sandwich Terns prospected into the region, the northernmost being an adult at Cupsogue 25 Jun (PJL). Breeding is uncon - firmed north of Maryland. Endangered Roseate Terns are excessively concentrated. They reached 1,506 pairs at Great Gull (HH) , but although a few inviduals probably nest elsewhere on Long Island, pre - vious substantial colonies there have all disap- peared. Great Gull, together with colonies in e. Massachusetts, account for 80% of the western hemisphere's Roseate Terns. Despite annual stragglers, none are known to breed south of Long Island. Great Gull, with 9,500 pairs (HH), now houses about two thirds of Long Island's Com - mon Terns. The biggest colonies among some forty on Long Island were the Breezy Pt. coop area (770 pairs), Lido Beach (712), both Nas - sau, and Swan I., Southampton, Suffolk (712) (KJ). Further north in New York, a maximum of 400 Common Terns were in Buffalo Harbor 5 Jul (Jacqueline Walters, Connie Adams), and 1,272 nests were noted along the Saint Law - rence R. (Lee Harper). In Lake Ontario, Com- mon Terns attempted to breed again on Little Galloo after being absent since the 1960s (IM). New Jersey's aerial census found 2,584 Com - mon Terns in 47 colonies (CD). Fewer Arctic Terns came ashore on Long Is - land than in the last three summers: one ad. at Cupsogue 2 Jul (SSM), along with one first- SA Box programs are attempting to reverse the American Kestrel decline in the Region. The Conserve Wildlife Foundation in New Jersey has banded over 300 nestlings since 2006. This year, 54 out of 144 boxes were occupied. Out of 62 attempts (a record number) 39 (63%, a little low) produced 162 fledglings (William Pitts, N.J.D.F.W.). In n.w. New Jersey, John Smallwood's 97 boxes contained 23 kestrel nests of which 15 successfully produced 60 chicks. He has banded 1,819 kestrel fledglings and 290 adults since 1995. The Delaware Kestrel Partnership is just getting started (Jacque Williamson, D.N.R.E.C.). Carl Zenger runs a dozen boxes around Iroquois N.W.R., Genesee/Orleans, NY that produced 10 young in 2016.

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