North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 31 of 163

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 278 N E W E N G L A N D Rachel Farrell (RI), Margaret Fowle, Peter Flood, Tom French, Ben Griffith, David Hoag, Steve Kardell, Seth Kellogg (SKe), Mary Kele - her, Derek Lovitch, Mark Lynch, Frank Mantlik, Nate Marchessault, Chris Martin, Massachu - setts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife, Steve Mirick, Ted Murin, Blair Nikula, K. Schopp, Bill Sheehan, Suzanne Sullivan, Carol Trocki, Ver - mont Center for Ecostudies, Liam Waters, Tom Wetmore, Keenan Yakola. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Wayne R. Petersen, 303 Linden Ponds Way, Apt. 428, Hingham, MA 02043 • Plymouth, MA (v.o., B.O.) but the outcome was indeterminate. If confirmed, this would have represented a first confirmed nesting in Mas - sachusetts. A maximum of 6 Red Crossbills at Mount Greylock 14-25 Jun (J. Pierce et al.) was intriguing, but unfortunately gave no indica - tion of possible nesting. Subregional editors (boldface), contributors (italics), and cited observers: Steve Arena, Jim Berry, Louis Bevier, Bird Observer, Con - necticut Department of Environmental Pro- tection, Glenn d'Entremont, Nathan Dubrow, was earlier than expected, and 4 Grasshop- per Sparrows at Highgate, Franklin, VT 6 Jul (TM) were a welcome sight. A total of 26 Sea - side Sparrows at Westport, Bristol, MA 31 Jul (ML) represented one of the highest single-site Bay State tallies in recent years. A scattering of period Fox Sparrow sightings at high eleva - tions in New Hampshire should be a reminder that this is still a rare breeding bird in in the Granite State (fide N.H.B.R.). Following an initial failed nesting attempt in June, a pair of Blue Grosbeaks successfully built a nest at the Cumberland Farms fields in Middleboro, DE); Jamaica Bay (Jamaica Bay Wildlife Ref - uge, Gateway National Recreation Area, Kings & Queens, NY); Jones Beach (Jones Beach S.P., Nassau, NY); Montauk (Montauk Pt. & vicin - ity, Suffolk, NY); Montezuma (Montezuma area, including Montezuma N.W.R., Seneca, NY, Sa - vannah, Wayne, NY, and Montezuma W.M.A., Cayuga, NY); Moriches Inlet (Moriches Inlet & vicinity, Suffolk, NY); Prime Hook (Prime Hook N.W.R. and Prime Hook W.M.A., Sussex, DE); Robert Moses S.P. (on Fire I., Suffolk, NY); Sandy Hook (part of Gateway National R.A., Monmouth, NJ); Shinnecock Inlet (Shinnecock Inlet & vicinity, Suffolk, NY); Thousand Acre Marsh (New Castle, DE). WATERFOWL THROUGH SHOREBIRDS Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks continued their incursions into the Northeast, with a flock of 11 at Woodstown Memorial Lake, Salem, NJ 2 May (Carolyn Howell) and a flock of nine at Salt Marsh Nature Center at Marine Park, Kings, NY 28 May (Charlie Spinnato, m.ob., ph.). The warm weather continuing from win - ter through the first half of March resulted in early migration by geese and other species. For instance, in northern New York State, the Snow Goose flight was virtually finished by 19 March. Ross's Goose was well reported in New York State but not in the Region's two more southerly states this spring. Cackling Goose was widely reported in both New York and New Jersey and was represented in Delaware this spring by singles at Silver Lake, Sussex 6 Mar (SGr, Sharon Lynn) and Bombay Hook 4 May (Michael Gardner). As is now expected, Trumpeter Swan was widely reported within its range in western New York State. Away from there, a juvenile continued from winter through the entire spring season at Shimers Brook, Sussex, NJ (Marianne Ofenloch), last position, less affected by over-wintering half- hardies than places further south. A portion of Bolsinger's regional report in The Kingbird (Vol. 66, pp. 227-232) is repro - duced here: "As has been the case most recent springs, migration was earlier than historic av - erages. The mean arrival date for a subset of 93 species for which arrival dates are tracked annually was five days earlier in 2016 than their long-term averages. Of these species, 52 were first detected more than one day earlier than their long-term average arrival dates, and just 14 were first seen more than one day later than normal. Generally speaking, short- and medium-distance migrants arrived early and Neotropical migrants arrived at roughly nor - mal dates or were late; although not all spe- cies fit this generalization. Species that tied or set new record early arrival dates included Osprey, Spotted Sandpiper, Eastern Phoebe, Tree Swallow, Barn Swallow, Veery, Northern Waterthrush, Vesper Sparrow, and Savannah Sparrow." In the present report, attention is focused mostly on vagrants and their dates of first and last detection during the spring season. Less at - tention is devoted to population trends and the statuses of widespread breeding species. Abbreviations: Barnegat (Barnegat Inlet & vicinity, Ocean, NJ); Bombay Hook (Bombay Hook N.W.R., Kent , DE); Braddock Bay (Brad - dock Bay B.O., Rochester, Monroe, NY); Brigan- tine (Brigantine Unit, Forsythe N.W.R., Atlan- tic, NJ); Cape Henlopen (Cape Henlopen S.P. Sussex, DE); Cape May (Cape May, Cape May, NJ); Central Park (Central Park, New York, NY); Derby Hill (Derby Hill Hawkwatch, Os - wego, NY); Hamlin Beach (Hamlin Beach S.P., Monroe, NY); Heislerville (Heislerville W.M.A., Cumberland, NJ); Indian River Inlet (Sussex, –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING 2016 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Shaibal S. Mitra Robert O. Paxton Tom Reed Frank Rohrbacher S pring 2016 was unusually dry and fea- tured a very warm March, which in many parts of the Region was a continuation of a warm winter. April temperatures were closer to normal in most areas, whereas those in May var - ied from normal to warmer than average. We've learned through recent experience that warm weather in February and March preferentially accelerates the arrival dates of short-and medi - um-distance migrants and this season provided more evidence for this model. Jeff Bolsinger's observations from the northernmost reaches of our Region, in New York's St. Lawrence River Valley, eastern Lake Ontario Plain, and western Adirondacks, provide an authoritative summa - ry of the overall pattern from an advantageous Hudson-Delaware

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