North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 155 of 163

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 402 H AWA I I A N I S L A N D S at James Campbell N.W.R.-Kii Unit on 3 Jun (PD, DM) and 1 at Kaunakakai W.T.P. on 14 Jun (EV). 1 Pomarine Jaeger was seen from Keahole Point on 14 Jun (LT). Several Laugh - ing Gulls oversummered this season: 1 first- year bird at Aimakapa Pond 5-6 Jun (BA, LT); 2 at James Campbell N.W.R.-Kii Unit on 19 Jun (RK); 1 at Kawaiele Wetland on 2 Jul (KG). Blue-Gray Noddies are usually seen in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and rarely encountered in the Southeastern Hawaiian Is - lands. 2 were seen on Lehua Islet on 12 Jul (EV) and 1 from shore on Kauai Is. at Maka - huena Point on 27 Jul (MB). 3-5 Sooty Terns were heard vocalizing in the late evening as they circled over Waimea/Kamuela town (2,600 feet elevation) on Hawaii Is. (LT). 3 Least Terns were consistently observed at Ke - alakehe W.T.P. 6 Jun - 23 Jul (BA, LT), single terns, probably the same individuals were also spotted further north along the coast in late July at Kohanaiki B.P. and Wawaloli B.P. (BA), and 2 adults in alternate plumage were seen at Pearl Harbor N.W.R.-Honouliuli Unit on 7 Jun (PD, DM). A Common Tern oversum - mered on Kauai Is., at Kekaha B.P. 6-29 Jun (MB, DH, RM, JD), Kawaiele Wetland on 2 Jul (MV), and MacArthur Park 2-30 Jul (MB). An adult Red-crested Cardinal was spotted at Kapaa B.P. foraging with Yellow-billed Cardi - nals 12-16 Jul (CB, LT, ph. BA). The first Ake- kee (critically endangered Hawaiian Honey- creeper on Kauai Is.) in two years was caught in a mist-net, measured, and banded by Kauai Forest Bird Recovery Project, a difficult spe - cies to capture. Contributors: Arleone Dibben-Young, Matt Boone, Cheshta Buckley, Alexander Clark, Pete Donaldson, Jacob Drucker, Myron Gerhard, Kevin Gin, Derek Harvey, Robby Kohley, Jake Kramer, Sarah MacLean, Dick May, Roy Mor - ris, Kurt Pohlman, Thane Pratt, Bill Schmoker, Eric VanderWerf, Mike Voydanoff, Alex Wang, Nathan Williams, Sherman Wing. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Lance Tanino, 64-1005 Kaula Waha Place, Kamuela, Hawaii 96743 • mertime seawatch numbers of Hawaiian Pe- trel on Kauai Is. are always impressive as 100- 188 petrels were counted from Makahuena Point between 14 Jun - 27 Jul (JD, MB, RM). A Buller's Shearwater, a regular but rarely re - ported migrant through the islands, was spot- ted during a pelagic trip from the Kaulakahi Channel on 12 Jun (JD, MB, DH). 2 and 3 late migrating Sooty Shearwaters were spot - ted at Makahuena Point on 27 Jun and 8 Jul, respectively (JD, MB, KG); an unusual time of year for this species and possibly representing late migrants. 40 and 50 Newell's Shearwaters were seen from shore at Salt Pond B.P. on 7 and 10 Jun, respectively (MB, JD); 44 of them at Kekaha B.P. A pelagic trip from Kaulakahi Channel resulted in 15 Band-rumped Storm- Petrels on 12 Jun (JD, MB, DH). Oversum - mering White-faced Ibises were found on three islands in the state: 2 first-year birds were consistently seen at Kealakehe W.T.P. 5 Jun - 23 Jul (BA, LT); 1 at Pearl Harbor N.W.R.-Honouliuli Unit 14 Jun - 11 Jul (KP); and a flock of 12 at Kealia Pond N.W.R. on 26 Jul (MG). SHOREBIRDS THROUGH PASSERINES A fair number of Bristle-thighed Curlews were seen during the season: 9 at Malaeka - hana Beach Campground, Oahu Is., on 9 Jul (BS); 3 at Koheo Wetland, Molokai Is. on 15 Jul (ADY); 12 at James Campbell N.W.R.-Kii Unit, Oahu Is. on 26 Jul (JK). A couple Pec - toral Sandpipers were late spring migrants: 1 the best time of year to witness large numbers of resident endangered Hawaiian seabirds such as Hawaiian Petrels and Newell's Shearwaters from shore. Abbreviations: Aimakapa Pond (Kaloko- Honokohau National Historical Park, Kailua- Kona, Hawaii Is.); James Campbell N.W.R.-Kii Unit (Kahuku, Oahu Is.); Kapaa B.P. (Mahu - kona, North Kohala, Hawaii Is.); Kaulakahi Channel (between Kauai Is. and Niihau Is.); Kaunakakai W.T.P. (Kaunakakai, Molokai Is.); Kawaiele Wetland (Kawaiele Sand Mine Bird Sanctuary, Kekaha, Kauai Is.); Keahole Point (Kalaoa, Hawaii Is.); Kealakehe W.T.P. (Kailua- Kona, Hawaii Is.); Kealia Pond N.W.R. (Kihei, Maui Is.); Kekaha B.P. (Kekaha, Kauai Is.); Kilauea Point N.W.R. (Kilauea, Kauai Is.), Ko - hanaiki B.P. (Kailua-Kona, Hawaii Is.), Koheo Wetland (Kaunakakai, Molokai Is.), Lehua Islet (Niihau Is.); Makahuena Point (Poipu, Kauai Is.), MacArthur Park (Kekaha, Kauai Is.); Malaekahana Beach Campground (Ma - laekahana State Recreation Area, Laie, Oahu Is.); Pearl Harbor N.W.R.-Honouliuli Unit (Waipio, Oahu Is.); Salt Pond B.P. (Hanapepe, Kauai Is.); Waiakea Pond (Wailoa State Rec - reation Area, Hilo, Hawaii Is.); Wawaloli B.P. (Kalaoa, Hawaii Is.) WATERFOWL THROUGH IBISES A Brant possibly oversummered or had a late departure as it was spotted on the Kona coast at Kohanaiki BP anchialine pools on 11 Jun (AW, AC, TP). Three Cackling Geese over - summered on Oahu and Hawaii Island: James Campbell N.W.R.-Kii Unit (PD, DM), Pearl Harbor N.W.R.-Honouliuli Unit (PD, DM), and Kealakehe W.T.P. (BA, LT). A single Green- winged Teal (Eurasian) drake was spotted on Molokai Is. at Kaunakakai W.T.P. on 14 Jun (EV). An oversummering Pied-billed Grebe was seen at Waiakea Pond on 5-28 Jul (SW, AW, JD). Sightings of a Kermadec Petrel continued from the spring into the summer at Kilauea Point N.W.R. on 2-9 Jul (MB, SM, NW). Sum - SA On July 27th, the Department of Land and Natural Resources' Division of Forestry and Wildlife celebrated the grand opening of the Palila Forest Discovery Trail, a new inter - pretive trail (7,000 feet elevation) in high-elevation subalpine dryforest on the southwestern slope of Mauna Kea. This is one of last large tracts of mixed Mamane (Sophora chrysophylla)- Naio (Myoporum sandwicense) forests in the state, home to the Palila (Loxioides bailleui), a critically endangered finch-billed Hawaiian Honeycreeper. Despite on-going threats to the forest and the birds themselves such as introduced mammals (mouflon sheep, goats, wild pigs, feral cats, rats), non-native insects, diseases (avian pox and avian malaria), drought, and fire, there are on-going restoration efforts to restore the native forest. This meandering one- mile loop trail represents the best bet to observe this disappearing endemic species (less than 1,500 individuals left in the world). SA In June 2016, the Kauai Endangered Seabird Recovery Project, (www.kauaiseabird- reported continued predation on nesting endangered Hawaiian sea- birds (Hawaiian Petrel, Newell's Shearwater, and Band-rumped Storm-Petrel) in remote and mountainous rainforest regions of Kauai by feral cats. Dr. Andre Raine, KESRP Project Coordinator was quoted on their recent blog post, "In the last two years, we have found the bodies of at least 48 endangered seabirds that were killed by feral cats and this repre - sents just the tip of the iceberg...If we continue to have large numbers of feral cats roam- ing the landscape, the situation will only deteriorate for these beautiful and iconic birds. We can all help by encouraging responsible pet ownership, which includes keeping cats indoors and away from our native wildlife."

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