North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO3-NO4 2019

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 9 ) • N U M B E R S 3 / 4 361 I D A H O & W E S T E R N M O N TA N A in the Region's drier valleys, one spotted in Flathead, MT 11 Jul (JCo) was very surprising. Contributors: (subregional editors in bold- face): Kathleen Cameron, Jay Carlisle, Darren Clark, Joshua Covill (JCo), Kathy Eklund, Pau - lette Epple, Steve Gniadek, Lisa Hardy, John Parker, Will Parker, Ann Parry, Robert Petty, Paul Rossi, Amy Silver, Shirley Sturts, Chuck Trost, Doug Ward, Heidi Ware, Cliff Weisse, Poo Wright-Pulliam, Austin Young. n –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– David Trochlell, 2409 East N Avenue, La Grande, Oregon 97850 • accepted summer-period precedents in Idaho. Clay-colored Sparrow is not reported an- nually in Idaho, so one that persisted in Koo- tenai 1-25 Jun (DW) and another in Shoshone 27 Jun (†LH) were interesting. Lark Bunting has not been reported in Idaho in recent years, so one in Cassia 29 Jun (ph, KE) was noteworthy. A nicely-documented male Blue Grosbeak near Oakley 2-4 Jun (ph, †AY) was exciting, because this scarce visitor and breeder in s. Idaho is not detected annually. A Scott's Oriole, a rare and local nester in se. Idaho, was a remarkable extra - limital find in Power 13 Jul (fide JC). Although reports of Lesser Goldfinch continue to increase so a pair that successfully nested there 18-30 Jun (AP) was especially interesting. Although formerly not annual in the Region, at least 9 singing male Tennessee Warblers were disco - vered in Glacier N.P. 15 Jun (JCo) and another vocal male was present in Stevensville, MT 19 Jun (RP). Despite increasing reports of Ten - nessee Warbler in recent years, nesting has not been verified in the Region. With only about seven summer precedents in Idaho, a Chest - nut-sided Warbler in Jefferson 9-15 Jul (ph, DC) was a good find. A Blackpoll Warbler reported at Camas N.W.R. 4 Jun (CT) was also especially notable, because there are only two New Mexico in elevation, a Lesser Nighthawk was at Los Alamos 29 Apr (ph. Ma. Brown, SF, TH). Maintaining a Sangre de Cristo Mts. presence, up to 4 Mexican Whip-poor-wills were in Ca - novas Canyon east of Las Vegas 12-14 May (audio WJ-W); in the next ranges south, one was in Cienega Canyon, Sandia Mts. 23 May (AW) and 2 were in Red Canyon, Manzano Mts. 28 May (AJ). Chimney Swifts were found in six eastern counties 23 Apr-27 May (m.ob.), including one west to Springer 22 May (WE); a Chaetura near the Florida Mts. in Luna 17 Apr (WE) was thought by the observer to be a Vaux's. The first Lucifer Hummingbirds arrived in P.O. Canyon 19 Mar, where numbers peaked at 38 on 25 May (CL); notable for the Animas Mts., one was in Indian Creek Canyon 13-15 May (ph. NH). Far northeast of expected lo - cales, an ad. male Anna's Hummingbird was at Texico 11-12 May (ph. GB), yet it provided the second Curry record this year. Although known from New Mexico's Gila R. valley since the 1870s, Costa's Hummingbird is decid - edly irregular in occurrence there; this season, up to 3 males were displaying in the Redrock area 17-21 Apr (JS), 2 were in the Middle Box near Faucet Canyon 4 May (JS), and 2 were in the G.B.A. 30 Apr-7 May (ph. JS, ph. NH, ph. WE); farther east, another ad. male was in the lower R.G.V. south of Radium Springs 27 Mar (MS, ph. JZ). Rufous Hummingbirds have become regular in spring in the Peloncil - lo Mts.; this season, some 24 passed through P.O. Canyon 15 Feb-20 Apr (CL) and one male was in Owl Canyon 9 Apr (ph. D. Zap - pone). The single Calliope Hummingbirds that passed through P.O. Canyon 15-16 Apr and 22 May (CL) furnished the only reports. Common Gallinule has been scarce anywhere Sartor O. Williams III –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– SPRING 2016 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– S pring 2016 was warm and dry in New Mexico, but sufficient precipitation in 2015 allowed for relatively good water and vegetative conditions to persist through the season. Birding was reported as steady if not spectacular; highlights included the state's fifth Western Gull plus Groove-billed Ani, Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Couch's Kingbird, and Sedge Wren as well as sev - eral rare thrushes and warblers. Especially evident was the continuing trend of warm country species spreading northward, while Buff-breasted Flycatcher began to reclaim ar - eas not occupied for many decades. Abbreviations: B.L.N.W.R. (Bitter Lake N.W.R.); Bosque N.W.R. (Bosque del Apache N.W.R.); E.B.L. (Elephant Butte Lake); G.B.A. (Gila Bird Area, Grant); L.V.N.W.R. (Las Ve - gas N.W.R.); N.R.T. (north Roosevelt migrant trap west of Melrose); P.O. Canyon (Post Of - fice Canyon, Peloncillo Mts).; R.G.N.C. (Rio Grande Nature Center, Albuquerque); R.G.V. (Rio Grande Valley). WATERFOWL THROUGH GALLINULES Noteworthy waterfowl included a late but apparently healthy Greater White-fronted Goose at Bosque N.W.R. 21 May (ph. GKF), an out-of-range Ross's Goose in Torrance near Encino 7 Mar (ph. MR), and 2 Tundra Swans at L.V.N.W.R. 4 Mar (WJ-W). A male Eur - asian Wigeon was late at Bosque N.W.R. 1-13 May (m.ob., ph. NH, ph. GKF, ph. R. Hix). In the southwest, Mexican Ducks outnumbered Mallards by two to one at two Hidalgo locales 14 May (NM-C, AC); additionally, phenotypi - cally normal Mexican Ducks were northwest to three Zuni area wetlands 28 Apr-31 May (JT). An impressive 250 Wild Turkeys were roaming the protected grounds of Rattlesnake Springs 25 Mar (SW). A Horned Grebe molt - ing into alternate plumage lingered at Bosque N.W.R. 17-22 May (ph. MB, CMB). Notably scarce north to Albuquerque in re - cent years, an Inca Dove was in Old Town 19 Apr (ph. D. Weissman). Common Ground- Doves in suitable breeding habitat were one near Rodeo 7 May (J. Turner), 2 in Guadalupe Canyon 14 May (SOW, PM), and one at Clan - ton Cienega 14 May (RW, NM-C). A Groove- billed Ani was at Rattlesnake Springs 12-16 May (ph. CLB, Ma. Smith); the species has been documented in New Mexico in five of the past six years. Far north, as well as high

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