North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO2 2018

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 36 of 115

V O L U M E 7 0 ( 2 0 1 8 ) • N U M B E R 2 171 O N TA R I O Cochrane. Great Gray Owls were also scarce throughout the period, and the only individual reported in the southern part of the Region was one at Ottawa 27 Feb (TLH). Three Short-eared Owls were discovered at the Thunder Bay wa - terfront 31 Jan–18 Feb (SVR, m. ob.). A first-year, female Rufous Hummingbird was found and subsequently banded at Alder - ville First Nation Reserve, Northumberland 30 Sept–9 Dec (CS). Red-headed Woodpeckers were scarce and only a couple of individuals were reported. The most northerly records this winter included one at Wasaga Beach, Simcoe 25 Dec (RH), 2 at Midland, Simcoe 13 Dec–5 Jan (KM), and one at Richmond Hill, York 6 Feb (GS). Red-bellied Woodpeckers are now regular in much of s. and cen. ON, though they are unusual in n. ON, at the limit of their range. Four individuals were observed this winter in Thunder Bay, with another in Rainy River. Fol - lowing the minor incursion of Black-backed Woodpeckers into s. ON during the winter of 2014-2015, this winter saw no individuals reported south of their typical winter range. Unusual in winter at such high latitudes were single Northern Flickers found at North Bay, Nipissing 22-25 Dec (LA) and Sudbury 26 Dec (BG, SG et al.). Gyrfalcons were identified at numerous locations in s. ON, and at least 12 different individuals were reported. Most of these were at traditional locations in cen., e., and n. ON, though others were found at La - Salle, Essex 27 Dec (KH), Kettle Pt., Lambton 12 Jan (GMa), and Warwick, Lambton 29 Jan–27 Mar (ACo, m. ob.). FLYCATCHERS THROUGH WAXWINGS Providing a first winter record for ON, a Yel- low-bellied Flycatcher was discovered near Purple Sandpipers during the early portion of the winter, with one bird remaining until 11 Jan (m. ob.). Single Purple Sandpipers were also found at Rondeau P.P. 4 Dec (SRC); Pt. Petre, Prince Edward 22 Dec (BNC, DJR, TLH, m. ob.); and Tommy Thompson Park, Toronto 8 Dec (fide TRCA). Dunlin were well repre - sented, with at least nine records encompass- ing 30 individuals at various locations along the lower Great Lakes throughout Dec. Notable was a flock of 14 at Rondeau P.P. 13 Dec (BAM, SRC), and an inland individual at Komoka Pits, Middlesex 10-16 Dec (LF). A single at Presquil'e P.P. 3 Dec–4 Jan (m. ob.) was the latest recorded this period. Two tardy Wilson's Snipe were re - ported, including one at Long Point P.P. 7 Dec (MCo) and one at Sarnia, Lambton 31 Dec–1 Jan (BW, EW, m. ob.). Additionally, a Wilson's Snipe successfully wintered at a known location near Blenheim, Chatham-Kent (m. ob.). Late American Woodcocks included 2 at Pt. Petre 22 Dec (TLH, DJR, BNC) and one at Rondeau P.P. 16 Jan (JTB, BAM). Providing a very early spring record was a male at Morpeth, Chatham- Kent 28 Jan (SRC), discovered after a period of warmer weather. An unidentified phalarope at Bronte, Halton 5 Dec (GRE) was most likely a Red Phalarope based on the calendar. GULLS THROUGH FALCONS Three juv. Black-legged Kittiwakes were re- ported this winter, including single birds at the Niagara R. 5 Dec–16 Jan (MT, MJP), Presqu'ile P.P.10-11 Dec (ACr), and Stoney Creek 26 Dec (BRH). A Black-headed Gull was discovered at Fort Erie, Niagara 7-8 Dec (DIP), the only re - port this winter. Several Little Gulls remained at typical locations throughout the early half of the period. The latest 2 at Barrie were observed 12 Jan (DES), while one remained along the lower Niagara R. until 10 Feb (m. ob.) and 2 were observed at Point Pelee 10 Feb (BAM). A Little Gull in Ottawa 9 Dec (RK) provided the latest record for the Ottawa Birding Area. Providing an excellent count for the date, 6 Little Gulls were found at Kincardine, Bruce 18 Feb (B&A- MT). Representing the first record for Timiskam - ing, a Eurasian Collared-Dove was discovered visiting a feeder at Earlton 6 Feb and remained through the period (fide SMG, m. ob.). Follow - ing two winters with above-average numbers of Snowy Owls both migrating through and wintering in s. ON, this winter saw the species encountered less frequently. In e. ON, Snowy Owls peaked at 13 in the St. Rose, Prescott and Russell area; 8 were reported in Prince Edward. While s. ON saw low to moderate numbers, the northwest of the province in Rainy River report - ed very few owls. Northern Hawk Owls largely remained to the north this winter and individu - als were not reported south of Thunder Bay or occurred from late-Nov through early-Jan; it is theorized that these birds become stranded af - ter being forced to vacate James Bay as it freezes over. Two Northern Fulmars were found in Ot - tawa during Dec: one at Andrew Haydon Park 10 Dec (JR, m. ob.), and another found along a roadside at Kanata 31 Dec (fide BMDL) that was subsequently brought to a rehabilitation center. A Great Cormorant was reported at Stoney Creek, Hamilton 26 Dec (BRH). An Ameri - can White Pelican that lingered in the Bay of Quinte, Hastings 2 Jun–9 Jan (GB, m. ob.) fur - nished just the third winter record in 10 years. Four Great Egrets were reported throughout the period. One at Jeanette's Creek 1 Jan (KJB, JTB) was the latest on record for Chatham-Kent, while one at Presqu'ile P.P., Northumberland 12 Dec (fide FMH, m. ob.) provided a record late date for Northumberland. Additionally, one at Dundas, Hamilton continued from fall until 17 Dec (m. ob.), and one at R. Canard, Essex re - mained until 9 Dec (KH, m. ob.). Black Vulture is still scarce in ON; however, for the sixth consecutive winter Queenston, Ni - agara remained a reliable location to observe the species. Up to 8 continued at Queenston throughout the period (m. ob.). Two late Os - preys were reported, including birds at Cedar Springs, Chatham-Kent 14 Nov–16 Dec (JTB, m. ob.) and Sturgeon Pt., Kawartha Lakes 12 Dec (CJE). A Red-shouldered Hawk was dis - covered at Elora, Wellington 19 Jan (DMa), while an additional Red-shouldered Hawk re - turned for at least its fourth winter at Puslinch, Wellington (m. ob.). A Sora was an unexpected find and represented a very late record at To - ronto 17-25 Dec (MAJ, HLJ, DEC). A Virginia Rail was found at Hay Bay, Leeds and Grenville 27 Dec (MDR). Unusual for the location dur - ing midwinter, a Sandhill Crane was observed at Campbell Twp., Manitoulin 18-25 Jan (TLa). Two Sandhill Cranes at Niagara Falls, Niagara 23 Dec–17 Jan (KJR) were record-late locally, while three flocks totalling 97 birds over Burn - ley 7 Dec (WN) more than doubled the previ- ous record high for Northumberland. A single Killdeer at Ottawa 25 Dec (GC) provided a very late record for the area. A mild spell in early-Feb caused a small influx of northbound Killdeer, with early-arriving birds reported in Oxford, Middlesex, Essex, Chatham- Kent, Norfolk, and Haldimand. A Greater Yel - lowlegs was found at Hagersville, Haldimand 25 Dec (EG) after another was at Hillman Marsh, Essex mid-Dec (RPC); these represented the only records this winter. A Sanderling found at Presqu'ile P.P. 10 Dec (DMc, DGB, m. ob.) remained until 10 Jan, providing the first Jan record for Northumberland. Purple Sandpipers were observed in low numbers and at typical locations in ON. Presqu'ile P.P. hosted up to 5 Representing the sixth record for Ontario and second in winter, this immature male Vermilion Flycatcher was seen by hundreds during its stay from 18 December to 1 January (here 19 December) near Wallaceburg, Municipality of Chatham-Kent. Photo by © Joshua D. Vandermeulen.

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