North American Birds

VOLUME 70 NO2 2018

A Quarterly Journal of Ornithological Record Published by the American Birding Association. The mission of the journal is to provide a complete overview of the changing panorama of our continent’s birdlife.

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Page 31 of 115

N O R T H A M E R I C A N B I R D S 166 Feb+ (B. Bergstrom et al.). Black Scoters were reported from both sides of the state and even inland, with 9 at Newnans Lake, Alachua 3-4 Dec (M. O'Sullivan, D. Segal et al.); 38 flew past Fort De Soto Park, Pinellas 3 Jan (E. Haney, JEa, DGo); and huge numbers, at least 3000, floating just offshore North Peninsula S.P., Volusia 8 Jan (MBr). A Long-tailed Duck was reported at Parrish Park, Titusville, Brevard 23 Dec–14 Jan (J. Stefancic, P. Mulligan); a female was at Cocoa Beach, Brevard 13 Jan (P. Mansfield). Common Goldeneye occur in winter in n. Florida, but are rare in the Peninsula where 1-2 were seen at Possum Branch Preserve, Pinellas 26 Dec–2 Jan (C. Yilmaz, m. obs.); a female occurred at Merritt Island N.W.R., Brevard 5 Jan (P. Mansfield). Common Mergansers are quite rare in FL and are a review species, therefore a single at Cedar Key, Levy 30 Dec (JHi, P. Laipis) was noteworthy. An unbanded American Flamingo appeared at Bunche Beach and Punta Rosa, Lee 21 Jan+ (G. Campbell, JEa et al.). Rare grebes included an Eared Grebe at Canaveral National Seashore, Brevard 3 Jan–2 Mar (MHa, AZi, m. obs.) and an amazing brace of Western Grebes reports: one at Lake Butler, Windermere 15 Dec (L. Malo) and one at Lake Ariana, Polk 19 Dec–6 Feb (G. Schrader, JEa, m. ob.). PIGEONS TO CRANES A male Key West Quail-Dove was seen at the Long Key S.P. campground 15 Feb (G. Normand). On the same day, a rare Zenaida Dove stunned observers at Long Key S.P., Monroe 15 Feb+ (A. Moss, T. Mitchell, m. ob.). A lone Smooth-billed Ani appeared at Loxahatchee N.W.R., Palm Beach 11 Dec+ (D. Schmerge, m. ob.). Although seen regularly in the agricultural areas just north of Everglades N.P., Lesser Nighthawks are rare in the rest of the state, therefore a female at Emeralda Marsh C.A., Lake 14-24 Dec (E. Horn, T. Hanson, AZi) and another at Fort De Soto Park 5-25 Jan (J. Gray, R. Smith, L. Smith) were noteworthy. Up to 17 Vaux's Swift roosted in chimneys on the University of Florida campus at Gainesville throughout the season (JHi, S. McKeon et al.). Their identity was confirmed R. through Escambia); Paynes Prairie (Paynes Prairie Preserve S.P., Alachua); record (only those reports verifiable from photograph, videotape, or specimen evidence); report (any observation); S.P. (State Park); S.T.A. (Stormwater Treatment Area); S.T.F. (Spray Treatment Fields); "Viera Wetlands" (Ritch Grissom Memorial Wetlands, Viera, Brevard); W.M.A. (Water Management Area). WATERFOWL THROUGH GREBES Black-bellied Whistling Ducks continue to expand into n. Florida, even in winter, with 4 on the Intracoastal Waterway in n. Jacksonville, Duval 20 Dec (M. Harrell) and 2 at Tallahassee, Leon 1 Jan (E. Woodruff, B. Henderson, D. Wells). Twelve Greater White- fronted Geese were reported at Whiting Field, Santa Rosa 19 Jan (K. Kelly) and 3 appeared at Walnut Hill, Santa Rosa 20 Jan (BDu, LDu, J. Callaway, B. Callaway). At least 32 Snow Geese were found across the northern half of the state, including up to 9 at Tarpon Springs, Pinellas 4-8 Dec (B. O'Conner, m. ob.); 4 (2 white- morph, 2 dark-morph) at Marl Bed Flats C.A., Seminole 5 Dec (J. Leavens); 3 dark morphs at Windermere, Orange 4 Jan (R. Leato). A rare Ross's Goose appeared at University of North Florida, Duval 15 Dec–10 Jan (C. Hubbuch and C. Murphy). Since the ABA Checklist Committee (CLC) accepted the Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca) as an established exotic in se. FL (Martin, Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami- Dade counties) in 2014, there has been much more interest in this species and its occurrences throughout the state. This winter reports came in of a single at West Regional Wastewater Treatment Facility, Vero Beach, Indian River 20 Jan (C. Cimino) and 2 at Paradise Lake, The Villages 1 Feb (A. Horst et al.). American Black Duck is always rare in FL, with two sightings of 4 at Perdue Pond W.A., Duval 2 Dec-EOS (D. Foster et al.) and 4 at Twin Oaks C.A., Osceola 26 Dec (C. Newton). There was only a single report of a Cinnamon Teal at Paynes Prairie Preserve S.P., Alachua 24-30 Jan (L. Davis, C. Deutsch). Single Common Eiders were seen at Nassau Sound, Nassau 14-15 Jan (P. Leary); at Fort Clinch S.P., Nassau 3 Feb (JHi); at Fort Clinch S.P. 12 Feb+ (J. Knoll et al.). Two reports of Surf Scoters included a male at Little Estero Island Critical W.A., Lee 1 Jan+ (R. Kaskan et al.) and another at St. Vincent N.W.R., Franklin 11 Feb (JMu). White-winged Scoters are the rarest scoter species in FL and the only report this season was of 3 birds at Fort Clinch S.P. 20 Michael Brothers –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– N OAA reports for this period show the statewide average temperature was above average and the statewide mini - mum temperatures were above average in the Panhandle, much above average in most of the Peninsula, and record warm below Lake Okeechobee. Rainfall averages for the period were above average in the Panhandle, near average in the northern half of the Peninsula, and much above average to record wet in South Florida. Consequently, water levels across the regions were "unusually high" in many areas, forcing water management teams to adjust levels manually at many sites, including Lake Okeechobee. These conditions may facilitate noticeable changes in the spring season's shore - bird migration. FOSRC review species noted in this report include a Common Merganser in Levy, single Western Grebes at Lake Butler and Lake Ariana, a fascinating Pterodroma petrel recorded at St. Augustine, a Manx Shearwater at Fort Pickens, 2 Neotropic Cormorants, a California Gull and European Herring Gull at Daytona Beach Shores, a Zenaida Dove at Long Key S.P., continuing Vaux's Swifts at Gainesville, Allen's and Broad-billed hummingbirds, Cassin's Kingbird, Audubon's Yellow-rumped Warbler, a Black-faced Grassquit at Long Key S.P., a Bullock's Oriole at Tallahassee, and a Great White Pelican of unknown provenance in Lee. Abbreviations/definitions: Big Bend (the part of Florida from the Apalachicola R. east through Jefferson); Lake Apopka N.S.R.A. (North Shore Restoration Area) Orange unless otherwise stated); N.E.R.R. (National Estuarine Research Reserve); N.S. (National Seashore); N.W.R. (National Wildlife Refuge); Panhandle (that part of Florida from the Apalachicola Florida This Western Grebe was photographed from a kayak on Lake Ariana, Polk County on 24 December. Photo by © Greg Shrader.

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